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WW2:The Roles of Women

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The Roles of Women What role did women play? During the Second World War women took over many of the roles left unfilled by men at war. These included farm work ammunitions production and some joined the naval and air forces. Without the help of women it is highly unlikely that Britain would have won the Second World War. Women are often credited for success of the Home Front in Britain. During the war they were often responsible for the families rationing and growing home grown produce e.g. fruit and vegetables. With even the moat outside the tower of London was turned into an allotment area. Women at home were often encouraged to mend their own clothes and spend very little money on material and buttons. What types of jobs did they do? ...read more.


By 1944, the Women's Land Army employed more than 2million women in Britain, this caused the production of farm-grown food to double. Why was conscription introduced? By summer 1941, over half of the working population was employed by the government or government-funded schemes. But this was not enough. Due to fewer workers, the men were at war, the production of utilities was decreasing. For example, in 1940 coal supplies fell dangerously low and some 30,000 miners had to return from fighting in order to mine for coal. Late in 1941women were conscripted to war work. All women, 20 and over, had to register for war work at a labour exchange, exceptions were made if the women were ill, pregnant or had small children. ...read more.


Government even began to help women with childcare commitments, providing nurseries and encouraging employers to allow women with child to job share. Despite these changes, there was not exactly a revolution in attitudes to women's roles in society. Once the war was over, the government had great trouble persuading women to stay and work. What happened to women after the war? Once the war was over, the government had great trouble persuading women to stay and work. In 1947, around 18% of married women worked, compared to 10% in the 1930s. The government continued to provide help with childcare. Discrimination remained an issue-in mid 1950s women still earned about half as much as men on average. ...read more.

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