• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

WWI: The Big Four and what they wanted from the Treaty of Versailles.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐The Big Four Georges Clemenceau French journalist and statesman, Prime Minister of France 1917-1920 Georges Clemenceau was nicknamed ?Le Tigre? as he wanted Germany to be treated harshly after their defeat in WWI. Clemenceau was a political activist and was known to in strong opposition of the Imperial Regime and in his earlier life was once arrested for placing posters urging for a demonstration against the regime. Clemenceau was also known to support the principle of having ?total war? and the policy ?la guerre jusqu?au bout?, meaning ?War until the end?. Clemenceau opposed the suggestion that France should surrender to Germany in order for peace. Clemenceau served as Prime Minister of France during WWI. Clemenceau wanted France to be restored as a power of Europe as at that time Germany?s economic development was higher than France?s, and so used the Versailles settlement to try to get this. Also, Clemenceau wanted Germany to be suppressed and so that Germany would never be able to start a war on a similar scale again. ...read more.


He admired the Parliamentary system of the UK and saw the US as open to corruption. Wilson served as the president of the US during WWI. Many of the US public wanted the US to withdraw from intervening in European affairs as soon as possible, and Wilson did not want to treat Germany too harshly as he wanted the US to be able to trade with Germany afterwards. Wilson also put forward the Fourteen Points, and called for no more secret treaties between countries, countries should seek to reduce their weaponry and no country should be allowed to govern another country. He also wanted a League of Nations created in order to ensure peace and settle any disputes between countries. The League of Nations was created soon after the signing of the treaty, and Germany?s army was reduced significantly. Wilson eventually retired at 1921 and eventually died in 1924. He was buried at the Washington National Cathedral, making him the only president to be buried in Washington DC. ...read more.


Many of the British public wanted revenge for the heavy casualties suffered from WWI and so wanted the Kaiser to be tried for being a war criminal in the Versailles settlement, in order to maintain his own public image and have the support of the public. He was also concerned that communism would spread from Russia to western Europe and so did not want Germany to be treated too harshly as it was the only major barrier that stopped communism from spreading into Europe, or for war to start all over again because of the harsh punishments. Britain gained some more colonies for the British Empire from the Versailles settlement, and the limited German Navy meant Britain still had a large amount of control at sea. The coalition government between the Conservatives and the Liberals which Lloyd George led was eventually broken apart. Later on, Lloyd George met Adolf Hitler, praising him as the ?greatest living German?, and that every previous cause for war had been solved and believed that Germany was rearming only for defence. He later died in 1945. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain the importance of the war at sea to the final outcome of WWI

    By mid-1917, the Germans had starved Britain to only a few months food supply. However, Germany never really looked like removing the blockade from here on in. New tactics, such as decoy ships or Q-Ships, underwater mines, depth charges, aircraft and the convoy system were superior to the effort made by the German submarines.

  2. Who was most pleased with the Treaty of Versailles. Woodrow Wilson or George Clemenceau?

    Another clause in the treaty demanded that Germany would not be allowed to ally with Austria, as this would make another central power in Europe. This would have given the other representatives a feeling of security. Clause 231 of the Treaty of Versailles placed the blame for all losses received by the Allies on Germany.

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    When you look at how different their views were, it's obvious that the fairest treaty would be made by compromising. France did get Alsace-Lorraine and the Rhineland back under her control, the German army was reduced significantly, and there was a ban on tanks, submarines, and the air force.

  2. Who were the big three and why did they implement the Treaty of Versailles?

    ? The establishment of an independent Poland ? The creation of the League of Nations. 1 - ALAN FARMER He had hoped that these points would provide a basis for the fair peace he was looking for, but in the atmosphere of post-war Europe, it was clear that his voice would not be heard, and such idealistic ideas would not be welcomed.

  1. Analyse the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Versailles Settlement.

    By Italy, no less with claims, suggestions, requests rebuffed, promises made bounced. "The Treaty of Versailles had one true plan in preserving the peace, to completely eliminate Germany's territorial, imperial, military and economic power so much that the country would never wage war again" Jeremy Fazli4 According to Joe Hiden,

  2. "The Versailles Peace Settlement failed to secure British Foreign Policy interests"

    Vital interests in Europe were limited to ensuring initially the security of France, Belgium and Holland, whence attacks could be launched against the British Isles by sea or by air. Eastern Europe was never considered one of British vital interests, however it was seen as a vital interest for Germany (except Greece because of its location on the Mediterranean.)

  1. Trench life.

    The main enemy was boredom, and the loss of concentration - leaving oneself exposed to sniper fire, for example - could prove deadly. Whether a infantry man was in the line or out of it, unless he was a specialist such as a signaler he would inevitably be assigned to

  2. Causes of WWI

    When Germany and Austria-Hungary found themselves at war in August 1914 with the rival Triple Entente of Britain, France and the latter's ally Russia, Italy declared neutrality, subsequently entering the conflict on the side of the Entente against Austria-Hungary in May 1915 and Germany in August 1916 and gaining most

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work