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WWI: The Big Four and what they wanted from the Treaty of Versailles.

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Introduction

´╗┐The Big Four Georges Clemenceau French journalist and statesman, Prime Minister of France 1917-1920 Georges Clemenceau was nicknamed ?Le Tigre? as he wanted Germany to be treated harshly after their defeat in WWI. Clemenceau was a political activist and was known to in strong opposition of the Imperial Regime and in his earlier life was once arrested for placing posters urging for a demonstration against the regime. Clemenceau was also known to support the principle of having ?total war? and the policy ?la guerre jusqu?au bout?, meaning ?War until the end?. Clemenceau opposed the suggestion that France should surrender to Germany in order for peace. Clemenceau served as Prime Minister of France during WWI. Clemenceau wanted France to be restored as a power of Europe as at that time Germany?s economic development was higher than France?s, and so used the Versailles settlement to try to get this. Also, Clemenceau wanted Germany to be suppressed and so that Germany would never be able to start a war on a similar scale again. ...read more.

Middle

He admired the Parliamentary system of the UK and saw the US as open to corruption. Wilson served as the president of the US during WWI. Many of the US public wanted the US to withdraw from intervening in European affairs as soon as possible, and Wilson did not want to treat Germany too harshly as he wanted the US to be able to trade with Germany afterwards. Wilson also put forward the Fourteen Points, and called for no more secret treaties between countries, countries should seek to reduce their weaponry and no country should be allowed to govern another country. He also wanted a League of Nations created in order to ensure peace and settle any disputes between countries. The League of Nations was created soon after the signing of the treaty, and Germany?s army was reduced significantly. Wilson eventually retired at 1921 and eventually died in 1924. He was buried at the Washington National Cathedral, making him the only president to be buried in Washington DC. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many of the British public wanted revenge for the heavy casualties suffered from WWI and so wanted the Kaiser to be tried for being a war criminal in the Versailles settlement, in order to maintain his own public image and have the support of the public. He was also concerned that communism would spread from Russia to western Europe and so did not want Germany to be treated too harshly as it was the only major barrier that stopped communism from spreading into Europe, or for war to start all over again because of the harsh punishments. Britain gained some more colonies for the British Empire from the Versailles settlement, and the limited German Navy meant Britain still had a large amount of control at sea. The coalition government between the Conservatives and the Liberals which Lloyd George led was eventually broken apart. Later on, Lloyd George met Adolf Hitler, praising him as the ?greatest living German?, and that every previous cause for war had been solved and believed that Germany was rearming only for defence. He later died in 1945. ...read more.

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