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WWII Essays

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Introduction

1. Explain why the US, while not wanting war, ultimately got itself involved in World War II. The US did not want to get involved in another war. We were still recovering from the results of World War I. When we learned that there were problems going on in Europe with German, Italy and Japan, we wanted to remain as neutral as possible. The US issued a number of Neutrality Acts that were enforced and renewed. -1st Neutrality Act: was in reaction to Italy's invasion of Ethiopia. a. FDR recognized Italy and Ethiopia at war b. American citizens could not sell arms to either nation. c. Americans could not sail on ships of belligerence -2nd Neutrality Act: is the same as the first a. but it forbade loans or credits to belligerence -3rd Neutrality Act: includes all first two Acts a. America cannot get involved in other civil wars America wanted to stay out of war as much as possible but Japan kept doing things that provoked us to go to war. - Japans planes bombed the USS Penay which killed 2 Americans and wounded 30. - Japan denounced the 5 power Pact -This caused FDR to ask congress for 2 billion dollars for 2 navies and 50,000 planes. -And of course how Japan bombed Pearl Harbor The US tried to remain neutral but when Prime Minister Churchill asked us to supply troops for them and "they'll do the rest" we replied yes. We declined declaring war but it still showed that we favored the British more than other countries. FDR did things that would prepare us for war such as appointing 2 important republicans to cabinet posts. In order to have a better chance at war by having a more unified government. -FDR transferred 50 overage destroyers to England -The Selective Service Act which was the first peacetime draft for men 21-35 years old -US passes the Lend Lease Act because Eng was completely broke by that time and it gave us permission to sell, transfer and exchange war equipment to any country with the same intention as us. ...read more.

Middle

-US General Patten stopped the Germans in Bastone. ***May 1st, 1945: Hitler's death is reported.*** These plans were adopted with the onset of the attack of pearl harbor and the declaration of war on us by Italy and Germany. Japan hurt us and FDR took action with his speech in congress--everyone agreed that Germany should not be the only ones who participate in fighting, killing everyone who got in the way, therefore they adopted the concept that they needed to take and get rid of Hitler before he could do anything to hurt the U.S...The Battle of Pearl Harbor affected the US in a large way (they hurt us), and nobody knew what else he had up his sleeve. We knew that Hitler's war machine needed oils found in the Middle East. If we stopped him from getting their, his war machine would fall apart. Essay # 5 What were the great turning points for the US and the allies in WWII? As a result of the Axis powers, the allies were suffering constant defeat and being taking over by the dictators and their war machines. The first major turning point in favor of the allies was when: Germany Attacks USSR- Germany attacks Russia breaking the Russo- German non aggression act. RUSSIA JOINS ALLIESand serves as a major combatant against Germany. US entry into WWII- the allies were growing weak. They did not have enough strength to battle the powers of Germany, Italy, Japan and Russia. US entry into WWII served as a major confidence booster and opened the door to many future turning points. US entered the war as a result of: The Panay incident- USS Panay was attached while in China protecting its American citizens. Under the China open Door and nine power pact the US was aloud to be doing this. The Japanese felt differently and attached us, killing Americans. German U-boats sink the Greere, Kearny , Robin Moore and Reuben James Japanese planes attack Pearl Harbor and this serves as the final straw for the US. ...read more.

Conclusion

Not a Betrayal- - Many people believe that the freedom of a few small nations was sacrificed solely for peace and stability in Europe and not Stalin's greed. Stalin stated that he wanted Poland for security because throughout history Poland has been the corridor through which the enemy passed into Russia. Aside from the few small countries controlled be USSR, many were liberated from Nazism and Fascism and got to create democratic institutions of their own choice. Conclusion- -I think that the Yalta conference was a betrayal on Stalin's part. He was only concerned with expanding his territory and not with peace in Europe. I also think that he used his size and power to get Churchill and Roosevelt to agree to things they wouldn't normally do. Stalin lied to get a hold of Poland and he managed to keep a few small nations for himself despite the ally's efforts to create democracy in Europe. BONUS QUESTION Did F.D.R. know about that attacks that were going to occur in Pearl Harbor before they happened? Yes b/c: 1. The United States government broke Japan's code and we knew that a Japanese fleet had left northern Japan. 2. The only U.S. ship that wasn't destroyed was our aircraft carriers. U.S. government had told them not to go to port and Japan had known they were supposed to be there on December 7th. 3. We had radar stations. The government had hired inexperienced people. They were working the weekend of the 7th. When they saw a fleet they thought it was the planes from San Francisco and didn't tell anyone. 4. The government also ordered them to put the planes wing tip to wig tip instead of spread out. This made it easier for Japan to take the planes out. No b/c: 1. F.D.R. was one of America's favorite presidents. Why would any president in their right mind put their country and their people in danger? If this were all true FDR would be risking everything. ...read more.

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