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Car Safety

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Introduction

Car Safety - By Toni Bull 10APHT This is about features that improve your concentration on the roads. Safety design and features help to protect the occupants of a vehicle from serious injury in an accident. Important safety design features are those, which will help to avoid an accident, protect the occupants in a crash and assist the performance of the driver. Maintenance of your vehicles will ensure good running order and that all safety features are functioning well. Pay particular attention to the condition of your tyres and ensure brakes are functioning correctly with brake pad replacement occurring as necessary. Vehicles should be designed with good field of vision all around and with controls that are within safe and easy reach for the driver. A vehicle designed with good handling and control can improve performance in an emergency situation. Using your vehicle's safety features correctly can decrease the chances of serious injury in an accident. Seatbelts, Airbags and Anti-Lock Braking Systems (ABS) are considered the most important safety features a vehicle can have. There are many other features that can improve safety and should be considered, depending on the operational requirements of the vehicle. Many safety features can enhance the value of a vehicle on the used car market. Seatbelts provide the most important protection from serious injury in a motor vehicle accident. ...read more.

Middle

Frontal impact protection These standards ensure the front crush zone; safety cage and other occupant protection features work together to provide a prescribed level of driver and passenger safety in a frontal crash. Side impact protection Side impact crashes can be particularly dangerous because there is no room for large crush zones to protect an occupant from crash forces. The door can be smashed into an occupant or the occupant's head may be struck, causing potentially fatal injuries. To minimise this danger, most new cars have sturdy side intrusion beams, cells, bars or other protection within the door structure. This provides a solid energy-absorbing barrier, while the safety cage helps to divert forces away from the occupant. Most vehicles also have padding on the inside door panels. This padding should be effective at absorbing impact energy, rather than merely cosmetic. Some vehicles have crushable structures in the doors to further absorb energy. An increasing number of manufacturers install side air bags in some of their models. The side air bags deploy from the seat, the roof, the door or a pillar and protect an occupant's head and upper body. They must deploy faster than air bags designed for frontal impact protection, as forces will reach the occupant sooner in a side-on crash. Although side air bags are currently uncommon, the significant protection they offer to an occupant's head, chest, abdomen and pelvis in a side-on crash makes a car equipped with this technology worth considering. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are several simple ways that occupants can avoid the risk of injury from an air bag: * Always wear a safety belt. * Do not sit too close to the steering wheel or slide the seat a long way forward. Shorter drivers should sit back from the steering wheel, but in a position that still gives them full control of the vehicle. * Do not rest anything over the air bag cover, nor place anything between the air bag and an occupant (except a safety belt). * Never put a rear-facing infant restraint in the front seat of a vehicle with a passenger air bag. * Read the vehicle manual for any other information regarding the vehicle's air bag or air bags. * If you buy an air bag-equipped vehicle, follow these precautions as well as any advice printed on warning labels in the vehicle. Despite some risks, air bags are passive safety features that have reduced the injuries and saved the lives of thousands of people in serious crashes. I believe that if these measures were put as standard on all cars produced, and the price of the cars with all the added safety features reduced, then a lot more people would be able to afford to buy them and so more people would be driving safer cars, resulting in less deaths from Road Traffic Accidents. ...read more.

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