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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Document length: 1182 words

Computers and the Law.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Computers and the Law Piracy Software piracy is the illegal copying of software either to sell or to use without permission. Copyright law makes it illegal to copy software without permission. Software companies suffer a great deal from piracy. A large amount of money is needed to research and develop new software and losing money due to piracy makes it harder for companies to develop new software. It also drives up the cost of software to the end-user to allow the companies to get back their development money. Software manufacturers often put a code which must be entered before the software can be used. This means that simply copying the disc is not enough, the unlock code also needs to be copied. While this is not foolproof it does put another obstacle in the way for the would be pirate. Some software also requires that the CD-ROM be in the CD drive when it is being used rather than installing the software on a number of computers from one disk. Back to Menu Hacking Hacking is the illegal access to other peoples computers. ...read more.

Middle

processed fairly and lawfully; 2. processed for limited purposes; 3. adequate, relevant and not excessive; 4. accurate; 5. not kept for longer than necessary; 6. processed in accordance with the individual's rights; 7. kept secure; 8. not transferred to countries without adequate protection. Rights for the Individual The individual can find out what information is held about them by writing to the person or organisation for a copy of the data held and a description of why it is processed and who it may be passed onto or seen by. There are exceptions to data access however. If providing the information would be likely to affect: * The way a crime is detected or prevented; * Catching or prosecuting offenders; * Accessing or collecting taxes or duty; * The rights to see certain health and social work details may also be limited. A person or organisation has 40 days to respond to a request for the data and must be given after sufficient proof of identity has been given and where necessary a fee of no more than £10. There are exceptions to the Data Protection Act. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Adjust the height and position of your chair, keyboard and screen so that they are right for you. Think in particular of your wrists, neck and eyes. If you are copying from a document it also should be placed carefully. * Readjust things regularly so that you do not remain for too long in the same posture. * Make sure that your back and wrists are adequately supported, and use a footrest if necessary. * Remember that even small movements such as keystrokes or turning the head to look from document to screen can cause strain if repeated with great frequency. You should stop work regularly and try to relax the muscles in your neck, wrists and fingers. * Adjust the brightness of your screen and avoid having light from lamps or windows reflected from your screen. Under some conditions, an anti-glare filter may be a suitable option to reduce glare and reflections from your screen. * Clean your screen regularly - and immediately if it becomes smeared. Proprietary cleaners are available, suitable for cleaning such screens. * Do not work with a faulty screen. Report faults as soon as they appear, however trivial they may seem. Even a slight flicker or distortion can aggravate eyestrain. ...read more.

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