• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically examine actual and suggested ways of regulating internet pornography and race hate speech, and the merits and de-merits of these approaches.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically examine actual and suggested ways of regulating internet pornography and race hate speech, and the merits and de-merits of these approaches. Does the internet 'deserve the highest protection from government intrusion', as Judge Dalzell argued in ACLU v Reno? There have been many suggested ways to regulate pornography and racial hate on the internet. However, there are many problems associated with each of these ways; because there is no one way that everyone would agree to, of regulating pornographic and racial hate websites on the internet. Although there is existing legislation to try and combat this growing problem, is it effective, and would suggested ways would be better or worse in trying to combat the problem. The internet is, "A network connecting many computer networks and based on a common addressing system and communications protocol TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). From its creation in 1983 it grew rapidly beyond its largely academic origin into an increasingly commercial and popular medium." ('Internet' - Britannica CD multimedia, 1999.) The growth of the internet has been very rapid within recent years. "In 1981, fewer than 300 computers were linked to the internet ... ...read more.

Middle

The Human Rights Act 1998 gives everyone the right to think and say and to view anything that they want to. However, this is not an absolute right, as there are very strict rules in the UK relating to racist behaviour. People are not allowed to say things that are offensive to other people. This is very controversial because it entitles people to think and say whatever they want, as long as it is not offensive to other people. This has to be balanced between harm to people and their right to free speech. However, this can create other problems if all sexually explicit websites were censored, as some websites contain important information on sexually transmitted diseases would not be available people who wanted to find out the facts about them. "Information regarding protection from AIDS, birth control or prison rape is sexually explicit and may be considered indecent or patently offensive in some communities, and this kind of speech would be affected by the provisions of the CDA which did not define the word indecent." ('Censorship and the Internet' - New Law Journal 1997) One of the ways of regulating this material is, The Obscene Publications Act 1959. ...read more.

Conclusion

of this act provides that, "a photograph includes 'data stored on a disk or by other electronic means which is capable of conversion into a photograph." In the case of R vs. Fellows and Arnold 1997, "the Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal against convictions for possessing indecent photographs of a child, having an obscene article for publication and distributing indecent photographs, the material in question being available over a computer network. The defendants had contended that such computer data did not constitute a photograph for the purposes of section 1 of the 1978 act... Evans LJ decided that: although the computer disk was not a photograph it was a copy of an indecent photograph." ('Information Technology Law' - Rowland and Macdonald - page 496) This act was put in place to protect children under the age of sixteen, who are venerable, who do not necessarily understand the implications of what is happening to them. No-one is ever going to agree on the best method of regulating the internet, if it is self regulation or new or existing legislation. The internet can never be fully regulated, and if it was regulated, the problem of pornography and racial hate would still exist, but in a form that cannot be monitored, so it would not solve the problem but cause a new one. (Total words - 1670) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Communications section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Communications essays

  1. My research concerned how the Internet could be used to help people who were ...

    > Women's Aid Federation of England (Women's Aid) is the national charity working to end domestic violence against women and children. (Source: NAADV) These are all charitable oragnisations like NAADV were well established and recognised by the government; the only difference a Web presence would have made would have been

  2. special needs

    This avoids her from blaming and accusing herself for not visiting her family members regularly due to physical disability and her internal state. With video conferencing she can see them and this form of ICT enables great and a realistic experience.

  1. Free essay

    Impact of ICT in Community

    Hal also offers quick navigation keys, full spelling and attribute announcement, easy form filling, focus tracking and much more. Hal is designed to meet the ever changing needs of today's IT environment for blind people like Marry. Accordingly, Hal does not alter either the operating system or application software in any way.

  2. Observing Interactions between carers and clients

    Padley use with Nathan effectively was that She maintained good eye-contact, this was shown when Nathan was telling Mrs. service about a family holiday he had went to, making eye contact gave the impression to her client that she was focusing all her thoughts on what her client was saying,

  1. SK-II has already established as a leading brand within its' skin-care industry. By empowering ...

    that SK-II should implement in order to strengthen its' web presence image and strategy. * Conclusion section: o Chapter 8 will summarize the key E-commerce values that SK-II should posses in order to be successful in web advertising and promotion.

  2. Unit 23: Investigating Communications and Networks

    than CAT5e Bad contact, Difficult manipulation, Slow for many computers, in general used in linear topology Category Type Spectral B/W Channel Length LAN Applications Cat3 UTP 16 MHz 100 meters 10Base-T, 4Mbps Cat4 UTP 20 MHz 100 meters 16Mbps Cat5 UTP 100MHz 100 meters 100Base-Tx,ATM,CDDI Cat5E UTP 100MHz 100 meters

  1. The main debate is on whether the Internet should or should not be censored.

    This was a key invention in the development of society as we know it now. Fulfilling its objective in 1990 ARPANET was disbanded, and it developed into an international network. The internet was a domain for researchers, academics, and government officials in its early years.

  2. ICT in society.

    It is very useful and gives us the information we want quickly and is easily accessed. One fault I find with this service is the fact that sometimes information is contained one more than 1 'sub-page' inside a page, these sub-pages are set on a timer so they go round in a loop, this takes time and can be frustrating.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work