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Data protection act comparison.

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Introduction

Data protection act comparison Data protection act 1984 summarized This act is concerned with firms, which process personal data about individuals on a computer. It states that they must register with the data protection registrar. The act has eight main principles with which all registered data users much stick by: * 1. The information to be contained in personal data shall be obtained, and personal data shall be processed, fairly and lawfully. * 2. Personal data shall be held only for one or more specified and lawful purposes. * 3. Data held for any purpose or purposes shall not be used or disclosed in any manner incompatible with that purpose or those purposes. * 4. Personal Data held for any purpose or purposes shall be adequate, relevant, and not excessive in relation to that purpose or those purposes. * 5. Personal data shall be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date. * 6. Personal data held for any purpose or purposes shall not be kept for longer than is necessary for that purpose or those purposes. ...read more.

Middle

Data protection act 1998 summarized This law was for the publics' privacy when organizations keep personal data about them. Any businesses that kept information about the public has to register with the dpregistrar to say what information they are going keep. The eight principles of the1998 data protection act are listed below: 1. Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully and not processed unless certain conditions are met and in the case of "sensitive" personal data further conditions are met. [processing includes collection] 2. Personal data shall be obtained for one or more specified and lawful purposes and must not be processed in any manner that is incompatible with that purpose or purposes. 3. Personal data shall be adequate, relevant and not excessive in relation to the purpose or purposes for which they are processed. 4. Personal data shall be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date. 5. Personal data held for any purpose or purposes shall not be kept for longer than is necessary for that purpose or those purposes. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are major implication of this change, in that it brings manual filing systems and personal information stored on microfiche and microfilm. * A second change is that the 1998 Act broadens the definition of 'processing' to include information collection. * Another very important change is that the 1998 Act explicitly limits the export of personal information allowing transfer only to countries within the European Economic Area unless the receiving country has equivalent protection for personal information. Many countries do not have equivalent protection, notably the USA. This has major implications for putting personal information on the Web, as it is virtually impossible to restrict Web pages to people within the EEA. * The 1998 Act places much more emphasis on seeking explicit permission from individuals before collecting, processing or passing on information about them. In general people need to opt in rather than opt out (tick the box if you want us to pass your information to our trading partners rather than tick the box if you don't). * Finally, some types of personal information are now classified as 'sensitive' and such information has more stringent requirements regarding its collection, processing, storage and security. ...read more.

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