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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 2175

Health and Safety Issues in ICT

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Health and Safety in ICT Diar Fattah Ms.Waugh Health and Safety Issues in ICT This briefing gives guidance on health and safety precautions for Teachers and pupils working with information & communications Technology equipment, including computers, keyboards, display Screens or visual display units, laptops and printers. Equipment Display Screen - Clearly-defined characters of adequate size; stable screen image without flicker; easily adjustable brightness and contrast; easily tilting and swiveling screen; separate base for the screen or an adjustable table; glare and reflection-free screen. Keyboard - Tilting keyboard, separate from the screen; sufficient space in front of keyboard to rest hands or arms; matt surface to avoid reflective glare; easy-to-use; adequately contrasted and legible symbols on keys. Work Chair - Stable, allowing easy freedom of movement and comfortable position; adjustable height (seat); adjustable height and tilt (seat back); a footrest should be made available, if appropriate. Work Desk/Surface - Sufficiently large, with low-reflecting surface; allow a flexible arrangement of screen, keyboard, documents and related equipment; document holders, may be necessary and, if used, must be stable, adjustable and positioned so as to minimize the need for uncomfortable head and eye movements; adequate space for a comfortable working position. ...read more.

Middle

Electromagnetic Emissions Concern about electromagnetic emissions, particularly about the possible effects they may have on pregnancy, has led computer manufacturers to make "low emission" screens. Equipment should state whether it meets the voluntary "MRP2". It is now also possible to "spot check" electromagnetic radiation emission levels of computers with relatively inexpensive, easily used meters. Epilepsy Display screen use cannot cause epilepsy and is unlikely to cause problems to sufferers of most forms of epilepsy. Photosensitive epilepsy, however, is a rare form of epilepsy which puts the sufferer at an increased risk of experiencing an attack through display screen work. It is unlikely that this form of epilepsy would become apparent for the first time through working with display screens but, as a precaution, enquiries should be made of parents where children are known to be suffering from epilepsy or are in an epilepsy risk category. Skin Rashes Skin rashes are sometimes reported amongst display screen workers. In many cases environmental factors contribute to this problem but static-electric fields building up around screens, low level X-ray emissions and ultraviolet radiation given off by screens may be linked to skin rashes. Again, further research is needed into this association. ...read more.

Conclusion

Photocopiers should be located in well-ventilated areas, and pupils should not be allowed to handle toners and inks, or to attempt to repair any faults. Electrical safety Under the Electricity at Work Regulations Act 1989, all electrical equipment should be maintained regularly. Always leave technical repairs to experts. Ensure that you have carbon dioxide fire extinguishers positioned near ICT equipment. The location of electrical equipment depends on the length of cables and the availability of sockets for telephones, TV aerials and power. It is essential that the location of the equipment does not increase the risk of danger to equipment or users. The school should ensure that there is a system in place for regular visual checks of plugs, leads and other electrical equipment. Mobile equipment ICT equipment is often heavy or bulky. You will need to assess the risk of lifting heavy or awkward equipment and use trolleys where appropriate. Hazardous substances The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999 cover this area. Risk assessment is necessary when using toners, printing inks and cleaning materials. Fluids used for cleaning and in some reprographic processes are flammable. They should not be used in confined spaces; adequate ventilation should be maintained. This is a brief review of most of the things you need to consider to ensure safety in ICT areas ...read more.

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