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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 4595

Hospital Information System

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

PROLOGUE Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital (IDCH) is the key institution in providing health care services against chest diseases. It has become an integral part of the comprehensive health services in Bangladesh, both curative and preventive. Significant progress has been made in improving its efficiency and operations. Effectiveness of a health institution depends on its goals and objectives, its strategic location, soundness of its operations, and efficiency of its management systems. The administrator's effectiveness depends upon the efficiency with which he is able to achieve the goals and objectives. Some of the major factors determining the effectiveness of a health institution includes patient care management and patient satisfaction. Hospitals are very expensive to build and to operate. Administrators and professionals have to be extremely cost conscious. Effective computerized systems and procedures need to be implemented to ensure proper utilization of limited resources toward quality health care. This paper tries to cover giving an insight to the information system, which is to be implemented at the hospital to provide quality service. The computerized system will enable the medics to serve their patient with a smile and to meet the organizational objective. 1. OVERVIEW OF THE ORGANIZATION 1.1 Organization Profile Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital (IDCH) was established as a TB Hospital with 200 beds in 1955 at Mohakhali, Dhaka. It was upgraded to IDCH in 1962 and started offering diploma course on tuberculosis and chest diseases (DTCD). As an academic, research and training institute, it has been offering the MD degree (chest diseases) from 1993 and the MS degree (thoracic surgery) from 1999. The institutional hospital functions through two wings. The academic wing is equipped with a medicine department which has six units - Anesthesia, Radiology, Pathology, Microbiology, Physical Medicine and Transfusion Medicine. The other wing is the surgical department. IDCH has a total of 105 doctors, 233 nurses, 25 medical technologists, and 537 other staff. ...read more.

Middle

The table below presents only a tip of that iceberg: Key performance indicator Before computer After computer Benefits Avg patient waiting time at admision 10 mins 5 mins Reduction in patient waiting time Avg no of pathlab requistions 3 nos. 1 nos. Saving of station Avg retreival time of pathlab test result reports 5 mins 0.5 mins Reduction in patient waiting time Back log of bills 5 months nil Revenue losses elininated Medical stores inventory 2.46 mon 1.7 months Better system availability Monthly closing cycle time of medical stores inventory 3 days same day Better system availability Avg monthly consumption revenue 20.7 crore 15 crore Revenue savings 2.2 System Design 2.2.1 Overview of the new information system The new system is going to be a unified intelligence system that provides the flexibility and agility to manage both current and future information needs. This helps the hospital to take a holistic and long-term approach towards an effective information strategy that supports organizational missions and goals. Characteristics: * Unified: Provide a single point of access to the wealth of information present in hospital. * Flexible: An innovative approach to real-time data capture, storage and presentation will allow system to quickly deliver rich, role-based, customizable views and allows users to adapt the system to their own workflow, preferences and data requirements. * Manageable: The system is designed from the inside out for simplified deployment and support, allowing for changes and organic evolution without added burden to the organization. How the system will work: The data structure and information flow within the system will specifically be designed to get the most value from constantly changing data. The system will work with the institution's existing systems by making a copy of the data from those systems and saving it to its own store. Once configured, the system provides clinicians and hospital administrators with customized, flexible, unified views and reports, enabling more informed and rapid analysis. ...read more.

Conclusion

Encryption 2. Firewall 3. Digital signature 4. Authentication 5. Antivirus CONCLUSION It can thus be seen that deploying information system can help the medical profession in improving its quality of service and thus automatically increasing the preparedness and defensiveness. Of course, it is of vital importance that the software must have the right type of modularity and openness so that it is manageable, maintainable and upgradable. The hardware should also be reliable, available and have the necessary performance capacity. Certainly, computers with their intrinsic power can play a major role in a hospital. Computers can act as a communication link between departments and allows the common database to be shared by them. Well designed, integrated information system can be a great tool in the hands of the hospital management in improving services, controlling cost, and ensuring optimal utilization of facilities. REFERENCE 1. Health Management Information Systems: Methods and Practical Applications, 2nd Edition by Tan, Joseph K. H., Published by Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2001, ISBN 0834217775, 9780834217775. 2. Hospital Information System and the Internet by Ohe, Kazuhiko; Sakurai, Tunetaro; Kaihara, Shigekoto. http://www.isoc.org/HMP/PAPER/238/html/paper.html 3. Hospital Information System in Medicare: An Experience at TATA MAIN HOSPITAL, Jamshedpur by Mohanty, Rajesh; Rana, Sarosh D.; Kolay, Saroj K. 4. Integrated Hospital Information Systems: Hospital Based Systems by Smith, A. Laurence, Published by Lulu.com, 2007, ISBN 0979723647, 9780979723643. 5. Management Information Systems: A Study of Computer-based Information Systems by Raymond McLeod, Published by Prentice Hall, 1998, ISBN 0138565848. 6. A New Approach of Developing a Hospital Management System by Uddin, M. Nobir; Rahman M. Geaur; Hossain, A. K. M. Akhter; Pramanik, Subrata; Debnath, Ramesh Chandra, Published by Department of Computer Science and Engineering and Department of Applied Physics and Electronics, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. 7. Requirements Definition for an Integrated Hospital Information System by Moustakis, Vassilis S.; Orphanoudakis, Stelios C., Published by Institute of Computer Science, Research Center of Crete, Heraklion, Greece 8. A Study of the Hospital Information System in the Medical Reports Department of a tertiary teaching hospital. http://www.indmedica.com/journals.php?journalid=6&issueid=104&articleid=1435&action=article ?? ?? ?? ?? DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR HOSPITAL ...read more.

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