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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 2280

I have been asked to write a report that can and will be used as the main teaching tool for a residential training programme for other information support technicians.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Summarising Information. Carl Wootten. Contents: Page: Description 1. Cover 2. Contents 3. Terms of Reference 4. Introduction 5. Facts and Findings Terms Of Reference. In this assignment I am working as an information support technician for a company whose main focus is to encourage the use of the Internet as a small and large organisation business tool. I have been asked to write a report that can and will be used as the main teaching tool for a residential training programme for other information support technicians. I am to use attached document entitled 'How internet infrastructure works' as the starting point for my report of which a summary of this must be included in an appendix within the report. I must supplement the report with additional researched articles and some other appropriate resources. My tasks are to carryout additional research creating a word processed list of additional supplementary information, for example this could be from the internet or from articles and books, I must also indicate on this list how useful each one was in aiding the writing of my report. I must then extract and prepare a word-processed report taken from the document provided and from additional research in no more than 1000 words the focus of this must be to address the training programme for which it is required. ...read more.

Middle

Conclusion. Recommendation. Appendices. Appendix A: Summary of supplementary article: The greatest thing about the Internet is that it is owned by no one, the Internet is just a huge collection of networks combined together to form a single entity known as the Internet. The Internets name comes from the idea of interconnected networks. It began in 1969 and has grown tremendously since then from its original four-host computer server to tens of thousands of computers running the same server. But this doesn't mean its not monitored and maintained, it is by 'The Internet Society' who were established in 1992 and were the starting point in the formation of policies and protocols we use to interact with the internet. Every computer connected to the Internet is connected to the Internet, even your home one which connects through a modem and dial up connection to a Internet Service Provider (ISP). Though many businesses may be part of a LAN (Local Area Network) in which case is the companies' own contracted server. When connecting to your ISP you become part of a larger network and become part of their network. Many companies' have their own backbones connecting them to various regions; each region has its own Point of Presence (POP). ...read more.

Conclusion

So these are converted into human readable names that we call Domain names. For example www.howstuffworks.com = domain name with IP address 209.116.69.66 the domain name is much easier to remember. All Domain names are managed by the a company called verisign, these are the company who creates top-level domain names and guarantees that all names within top-level are unique so no two places can have the same domain name as each other. The host name is created by the company hosting the domain. 'WWW' is a very common host name but not all places use it sometimes it is omitted and replaced by a certain area of the site. Any server machine must have numbered ports in order for the clients internet to work properly for example a web server would be available on port 80 and a FTP server would be available on port 21. Other examples of ports include: echo 7, daytime 13, ftp 21, telnet 23, smtp 25 (simple mail transfer, meaning e-mail), time 37, nameserver 42, gopher 70 and WWW 80. These are the most commonly used port numbers within the server machine. Glossary of Terms. ISP = Internet services provider. IP address = Internet protocol address. LAN = Local area network. WAN = wide area network. NIC = network interface card. DNS = Domain name server. POP = Point of presence. NAP = Network access point. HTTP = Hypertext transfer protocol. ...read more.

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