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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 9022

ICT Report 2b: ICT in Organisations

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ICT Report 2b: ICT in Organisations The following report is on how a particular company employs ICT in their everyday running. The company that I am going to review is named Boots Plc. I will examine how Boots uses ICT in the four main functional areas of the company: sales, purchasing, finance and operations (logistics) and how ICT helps the business. I will be looking in detail at how ICT is used by Boots Retail to manage the operation of its stores in the UK. I have visited the Boots branch in Kilburn (on Kilburn High Road), and also gathered information from the web. Boots has been established since 1849 when founder Mary Boot, selling herbal remedies to the cities, opened the first Boots store in Nottingham. In 1892 boots first "department" store opened, with an extensive new merchandise range, at Pelham St, Nottingham. Now with over 63000 employees and 1400 stores, Boots Plc is the UK's leading provider of health and beauty products. As well as retailing, Boots Plc develops and manufactures products and markets many worldwide. On top of their range of health and beauty products, Boots Plc are now becoming a provider of complementary services and advice, offering customers a comprehensive mans of meeting their health and beauty needs. Boots Plc is a retailing business, which consists of - Boots the Chemists, Boots Opticians, Boots Dental care, Boots Hearing care and Boots' Health and Beauty Experience Stores. Boots Retail International operates as the international extension of Boots Plc UK. Boots Healthcare International continues to grow Boots' share of the global self-mediation markets. Service management is fused into a central service organisation. Obviously, Halfords stands apart from this structure, and from Boots' focus on health and beauty. Boots operates in the tertiary sector because they provide services. Boots Plc is now focusing mainly on products, advice and services, which enhance personal 'wellbeing'. ...read more.

Middle

Just as two heads are better than one, so are two hands. Now when one is executing the other can be accessing the system bus or executing its own code. Adding to this favourable scenario, both AMD and Intel's dual-core flagships are 64-bit. To utilise a dual core processor, the operating system must be able to recognize multi-threading and the software must have Simultaneous Multi-threading Technology (SMT) written into its code. SMT enables parallel multi-threading wherein the cores are served multi-threaded instructions in parallel. Without SMT the software will only recognize one core. Adobe Photoshop is an example of SMT-aware software. An attractive value of dual core processors is that they do not need a new motherboard, but can be used in existing boards that feature the correct socket (the slot that the CPU is placed in, connecting it to the motherboard). For the average user the difference in performance will be most noticeable in multi-tasking until more software is SMT aware. Boots' servers and office workstations use an Intel Pentium 4 560 3.2GHz Dual Core processor with Hyper-Threading. Although this is easily surpassed by an AMB Athlon64 3400+ 2.0GHz Dual Core; Intel are much cheaper and sufficient enough for the uses of the managerial offices, as they do not use the computers for much multi-tasking/intense video-gaming/video-editing or 3d rendering. However, the R&D Department could benefit from a more powerful processing chip - since they would be multi-tasking, producing 3d rendered video/images, image-manipulating and various other CAD activities at one time, I surmise that perhaps a 3.6GHZ (Intel - equivalent of a 2.4GHz AMD) would be better suited for this type of use. Motherboard A motherboard, also known as a mainboard, system board, or logic boards on Apple computers, and sometimes abbreviated as "mobo" is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. A typical computer is built with the microprocessor, main memory, and other basic components on the motherboard. ...read more.

Conclusion

Boots also uses the software Microsoft Excel in order to handle the financial aspects of the organization. It primarily involves handling employee wages and salaries because working hours and pay rate and other important information is processed through this software, where complex formulas calculate the wages and salaries in less than a second. Microsoft Excel is spreadsheet software from which one can create tables and cash flow forecasts and with complex formulas that the software calculates itself and then produces figures for the operator. It can effectively be used for anything regarding numbers and math. The store managers would use this software for the cash flow forecasts, predicting the sales the company will make by deducting it form total expenses and so forth. This software can handle intense financial numerology and Boots use this to handle all minor share calculations on their behalf and it is highly appreciated. It is helpful for Boots because without it, all the calculations would have to be done by hand form which errors would be easy to make and could cause financial nightmares. However, it has the disadvantage of having to input primary figures and large formulas by hand before the system can work appropriately. Also, sometimes it is susceptible to making errors and not responding from which it would be disastrous if the operator did not save his progress because it would that they would have to start all over again. To start of a spreadsheet initially, it takes hours and even days of intense effort before the rest is smooth sailing as the formulas are all up and running correctly and minor adjustments can fall into place easily. Microsoft Excel helps Boots because it handles a lot of the financial aspect with ease, it helps the staff because they can get their deserved wages and it helps suppliers because they organize what products are needed by Boots neatly in a table. ?? ?? ?? ?? ICT Coursework Haaziq Farook 11o ...read more.

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