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Laws and Legislations (ICT)

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Introduction

Laws and Legislations Laws and legislations were introduced due to the fact that ICT was growing and since the uses of large computerized databases as they became quite useful for sensitive personal data to be stored without the individual's knowledge. Employers, credit card companies or insurance companies, could access this confidential data. Therefore personal privacy is important as it is our human right to not want personal information on age, religious beliefs, family circumstances or academic qualifications to be accessed by others without permission. An Individual User An individual user would use various software applications in everyday life throughout ICT. The main uses of ICT software are: > E-mail > Internet > Mail merge > Excel > FrontPage > Access Due to the increased of the amount of information available particularly on the Internet it has been a concern for the interest taken by hackers into and stealing data therefore the government had to produce may different legislations to prevent this from occurring. Legislations were also created for the misuse of data and viruses as well. ...read more.

Middle

It also protects the users of the data and the producer of the data. The criminal offences associated with this act are: 1. Hacking 2. The sending of viruses 3. Unauthorized modification of computer material This act protects an individual user very well because it makes people more reluctant from hacking and creating viruses due to the risks involved. It was designed to protect the individual user and their rights and I think they have achieved quite a high standard of protection. Advantages * Hackers would be more couscous by being caught and will be hesitant to try to hack in the future. * Viruses can be traced back to the person responsible for create it. Law enforcements can discipline them in a suitable fashion, causing them to give up on creating other viruses. Disadvantages * The legislation cannot stop hackers from trying to steal or corrupt information, as a professional hacker tends not to leave traces. Only hackers who have been caught doing it can be prosecuted. ...read more.

Conclusion

* If the act was not in place the cost of legal software would go up, as more money is need to stop people producing illegal software copyrighting as copying software is cheaper than buying illegal products. Disadvantages * The shutting down of illegal operations is not an initial process it takes court cases to settle the disagreements which is takes time along with lost of legal cost to win cases. * Although the legislation is present it seems to have little effect already as a lot of pirate copies of software is still being produced and sold. Improvements that can be made As soon as the illegal operations have been found on computers they should be shut down immediately. Software producers should include copyright protect with all of their products to ensure that copying of any software cannot take place. Summary The copyright act is beginning to become very ineffective, more modern laws need to be introduced to sustain a solid legislation. Overall the legislation is ok but with more restrictions there will be less hassle with the production of pirate software, as shutdowns on illegal operations would make the software useless. ...read more.

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