• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Data Protection Act, 1998

Extracts from this document...


The Data Protection Act, 1998 The 'right to privacy' is a right we all expect. We do not expect personal details such as our age, medical records, personal family details and, political and religious beliefs to be freely available to everybody. With the growth of information and communication technology, large databases are able to hold huge quantities of information and global networks are able to share and distribute this information around the world in seconds. To protect people and their personal information, the Data Protection Act was formed. The first Act was made law in 1984 but was replaced by a new Act in 1998 to include the European Union law. ...read more.


be kept secure against loss, damage and unauthorised and unlawful processing 8. not be transferred to countries outside the European Economic Area Personal data Personal data is data that can identify a living person and allow an opinion to be expressed about that person. For example, just a name and address is not considered personal data. If the data also includes their date of birth nd earnings this is considered personal data. The data can be further classified as 'sensitive' personal data if it includes details of a person's: * racial or ethnic origins * religious beliefs * their physical or mental health or condition * political opinions * whether members of trade unions * sexual life One big change between the 1984 version of the Act and the 1998 version is that manual records(not kept on a computer are now subject to legislation) ...read more.


receive compensation for damage and distress caused by use of the data * have data corrected, blocked and erased if inaccurate * make a request to the Data Protection Commissioner if they feel the Act has been contravened Exemptions There are exemptions to the Act and exemptions in the rules governing the need to register data. These include data that is: * related to national security * associated with crime and taxation * involved in health, education and social work * used in regulatory activities by public 'watch dogs' * processed for special (journalistic, literary and artistic) purposes * used in research, history and statistics * required by law and in connection with legal proceedings being disclosed * held for domestic purposes, eg household, personal and family affairs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Legislation & The Legal Framework section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Legislation & The Legal Framework essays

  1. The Data Protection Act 1998 - questions and answers

    Data Subject We are all data subjects as this means an individual about whom personal data is processed. Data Controller A data controller is equivalent to a data user under the 1984 Act i.e. the person who determines the purpose for which and the manner in which any personal data are processed.

  2. Discussing legislation - Data Protection act, Copyright, Computer Misuse, Health and Safety at Work ...

    Health & Safety at Work Act (1974) These acts also affect the community as the community needs to be safe enough so that people can work in there and if there are no safety measurements then the number of accidents will increase which will make the community loose the money as the NHS offers free treatment to British Citizens.

  1. Data Protection Act

    First Principle "Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully and, in particular, shall not be processed unless - - At least one of the conditions in Schedule 2 is met; and - In the case of sensitive personal data, at least one of the conditions in Schedule 3 is also met."

  2. The Legislation That Protects Individuals and Groups using IT. Use of It by myself ...

    This is a good way to avoid viruses. Hotmail also virus scans every attachment before sending them off. However, some can still go through. I have to use my personal judgement to realise what's real and what's not. While this may not be efficient, it is quite helpful for me

  1. 3E-The legislation that protects individuals and groups from the misuse of ICT

    Obrien from the various problems that may arise without this specific law. IMPACT OF LAW UPON THE LEYTON COMMUNITY The data protection act creates an impact upon the whole community of Leyton. This is specifically because every individual living in Leyton may have a particular link with an organisation i.e.

  2. ICT - Data Protection

    The Commissioner may inspect a controller's computers to help in the investigation. A Right to Compensation The data subject is entitled to use the law to get compensation for damage caused ("damages") if personal data about them is inaccurate, lost, or disclosed.

  1. Data Protection Act

    Also if the school wants to share the information with third person parties then they must contact my parents. If they don't then they could be prosecuted as this is illegal. This stops my details like phone and email getting out to marketing companies contacting me.

  2. Right of privacy under Hong Kong's current laws

    Famous cases are the Princess Diana gym case15, Li Yau-wai v. Genesis Films16, Douglas v. Hello!17 and the Campbell Engineering18 trade secrets case. Defamation impacts journalism in a way that they need to be very careful when making their statement which might lower one's reputation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work