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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: ICT
  • Word count: 3293

The legislation that protects individuals and groups from the misuse of ICT

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Introduction

Unit 3E; the legislation that protects individuals and groups from the misuse of ICT Introduction; I am going to investigate different legislations that affect the use of ICT, and look at how they affect in particular the people that I have studied in unit 3, I will consider what they have to do to abide by the law, how the piece of legislation protects them and how and what impact it has upon them. Since the introduction of the new technologies, new problems have been created, to tackle these problems certain legislation has been introduced, to allow protection for companies and individuals and to give authorities the power to combat the problems and misuses and where applicable make arrests. Data Protection Act of 1998 As the amount of information about people and their lifestyles held on computers increased, a need became apparent to control the way in that it was collected and stored, the previous ability to access large databases of information led to the introduction of the Data protection act. The data protection act is made up of eight different principles, these are the different points of the law that state what can and can't be done with regards to data, the eight principles are; - Data must not be acquired and processed unless there is a lawful reason to do so. - Data must be processed within the rights of the person supplying the data. - Data must only be used for specific lawful purposes. - Personal data must be accurate and up-to-date. - Provision must be made for the correction of data held. - Suitable measure should be taken to ensure the safety of personal data. - Data held should be the minimum required for the purpose and should not be kept longer than is reasonable. - Data is not to be transferred to countries outside the European Economic Area. ...read more.

Middle

ensure that individuals are protected, these improvements could include harsher prosecutions including imprisonment, and the ability to prevent people to copy sources directly from a site, making it more difficult to extract images etc. into pieces of work. The government need to change this legislation to ensure that the impact of it is much greater, it also needs to be made easier for prosecutions to be made improving the current ways of evidence being presented in front of the police. The Copyright, Designs and Patent Act isn't working for me. The law is unclear, and I don't know exactly what I can and can't do within the law. Because the law is unclear it isn't having a very big impact upon me. When I use limewire I am not given any warning that I can't download any music or other media without the appropriate license, and that if I do download any media I am breaking the law. The law isn't very clear, and because of this it isn't having much an impact upon my life when using ICT and the internet. To improve the impact that the law is having upon me it needs to be much clearer, setting out in simple terms exactly what I can and can't do. Health and Safety at work act 1974 The health and safety at work act was first introduced and made a law in 1974 to protect workers, however this original Act did not take into effect the use of computers, this was changed in 1992 when new Health and safety regulations were brought into effect. The health and safety at work act is in place to over the health, safety and welfare of any person at work, it also protects against any apparent risks to health or safety in connection with the activities of persons at work. Both employees and employers have a great degree of responsibility to ensure that the workplace complies with health and safety, reducing any risks to an absolute minimum, this will help to ensure that nobody is put at risk. ...read more.

Conclusion

To ensure that the authorities and organisations stay within the law they need to abide by the route to seeking an order to impose on a certain location, they must apply through the courts to gain a court order that will ensure that any installation of CCTV for an under cover operation will be kept secret, they must not cut corners or just presume that they have the profound right to invade an area and install cameras illegally, they must seek the appropriate court order, ensuring that they abide by the law. The extent to which this piece of legislation ensures secrecy is often quite high, however now with the freedom of information act individuals are challenging court orders, in some cases taking the authorities to court to gain information which in some cases they are legally entitled to view, there is an apparent need to ensure that information is kept secret and restricted ensuring that such operations are covered to an extent which is almost full, ensuring that the impact is maximum. To improve the overall impact and effect of the Regulation of investigatory powers act, the process in which authorities have to undergo should be made easier and quicker, at the present moment in time it can take days and even weeks to gain the court order to allow them to install cameras for an undercover operation, this however can often be to late for some cases as people move on and an element of surprise is required, the longer that it takes to gain the court order the more likely it is that the criminal activity will move on, because of either a risk factor or through them finding out about the proposed operations. These improvements would improve the overall effectiveness and impact that the regulation of investigatory powers act would have. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - Robert Shaw Candidate Number; 1075 Centre Number; 41284 ...read more.

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