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The legislations that protects individuals and groups from the misuse of ICT

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The legislations that protects individuals and groups from the misuse of ICT Legislation means the laws that are passed by parliament. Over the years many things have changed and as thins change new laws are created to prevent misuse. Computers have been developed and have become very popular and as the use of computers increases the amount of information stored in them will also increase i.e. bank details, credit card information, personal information and such. This information can be obtained and can cause harm to individuals and for this reason the following laws have been introduced to prevent this from happening: The Data Protection Act (1998) The data protection act was established in 1998 and has 8 principles: 1. processed fairly and lawfully 2. used for the lawful purpose it was collected for 3. adequate and relevant to purpose collected for 4. kept accurate and up-to-date 5. kept no longer than necessary 6. processed within the rights of the data subjects 7. kept secure 8. kept only within the EEC. ...read more.


A contractual agreement with a person is needed 2. The individual involved as given permission for the data to be held 3. It is necessary under another law 4. It is in a businesses interests and is not detrimental to any individual involved 5. Protect persons interests. The Computer Misuse Act (1990) This act was established in the year 1990 and there are 3 main offences covered by this act 1. Unauthorized access to computer material (hacking). This includes copying software illegally (called software piracy). 2. Gaining unauthorized access to a computer to carry out serious crimes like fraud or blackmail. 3. Unauthorized changing of computer files, including planting viruses and deleting files. If any of these acts are performed unintentionally then no harm will be done to the defendant as long as they are proved innocent by their legal representative. If anyone is convicted of this act then they will face an unlimited fine or five years in prison. The advantage of this act is that it protects our private files containing valuable information and prevents other people from accessing them. ...read more.


The law ensures the following: 1. workstations are analysed to reduce health and safety risks 2. ensure workstations meet minimum ergonomic requirements 3. provide information about risks and measures 4. plan daily work routine for users 5. offer eye tests and special glasses if necessary 6. Provide health and safety training. The advantage of this Act is that it protects the employee from any harm that is caused by his/ her workplace. It gives them a right to speak for their required needs. The disadvantage is that some workplaces cannot meet the employees need due to the company's budget. Also some business's blackmail the employee and tell them not to complain about the workplace situations otherwise the business will encounter a loss. The law has made a change to the community and that is the most important thing. Overall I think that these law's have made a change to society and have taught individuals to respect technology and not to misuse it. There are some people who are breaking these law's but hopefully these people will be locked up behind bars very soon. ?? ?? ?? ?? Farhana Rahman Unit 3e (ICT and legislation) - 1 - ...read more.

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