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Uses of ICT in theatres.

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Introduction

Prince's Theatre Research Uses of ICT in theatres Databases may contain information regarding: * Props - & people who make them * Costumes - " * Actors * Producers * Directors * Regular visitors * Scenery - makers, painters * Make-up people * Rehearsal times * Staff rotas Publicity: * Programmes * Filters * Press releases * Posters * List of contacts Smoke/fire alarms Emergency lighting A theatre may use ICT for a wide number of tasks: Ticket-booking systems (both on- and off-line) Internet site Staff rotas Promotional materials Cash flow Automatic lighting systems Central management system Accounts Scheduling User interfaces Alarms Data Protection Act -relates to any personal data (relating to living individuals who can be identified from that data) that may be stored. -hence, general data collected from point of sale terminals and websites are not usually affected. -requirements of Act also cover many categories of manually held data. -some types of data that must be registered under the Act: --public and internal directories (e.g. of students, customers, staff) - includes contact information. --staff/customer biographical information pages. --online forms (registration etc), include contact information. --online research surveys - includes data that identifies any individual response to a survey. --e-mail list subscriptions (e.g. keep up with the latest results). --other ways, such as scripts that allow a user to personalise web pages, server-based cookie file systems, etc. Companies collecting any of the data outlined above must appoint a data controller and register with the Information Commissioner. Data Controllers must notify the IC, before processing personal data, of: -their name and address -the data to be processed -the category(s) ...read more.

Middle

No other peripherals are needed, so this is useful where a keyboard or mouse could become dirty or wet, where users are standing and where the number of available options are limited. A video digitiser takes an image from a video camera or television and converts it so that it can be used by, and stored on, a computer. Video sequences captured using video digitisers are often used in multimedia presentations. A microphone is used with a voice recognition system. This can be used with a word processing program to enter text. It can also be used as part of security systems - only certain digitally stored voices have access. Sensors detect external changes, e.g. variation in light/heat/pressure. Used for traffic lights/alarms/thermostats. MICR (Magnetic Ink Character Recognition) systems are used in cheques and such. They use special ink containing contain which allows magnetism. There is on standard character set. They can be read very quickly and accurately, and allow a high level of security. They're expensive but avoid fraud, and are used only in banking. There are three main types of printers; impact, inkjet and laser. Impact produce output by hammering pins or character patterns against a ribbon and the paper, or use a rotating sphere of letters. This doesn't really make them suitable for producing graphics. Inkjet (often called bubble jet) produce output by spraying tiny drops of ink onto the paper. The print head consists of nozzles through which ink flows and is heated, to form bubbles. Each bubble expands and breaks, releasing a tiny ink droplet. The dots formed are smaller and more numerous (usually 300-800 dpi) ...read more.

Conclusion

The alarms stay on until a reset button is pressed. In public areas such as shops and theatres, it may be better to evacuate in stages to prevent panic. The system may alert staff rather than the audience, who evacuate areas closest to the fire first. (The control box will show which zone fire is in). The alarm system may have a direct link to the fire brigade. The situation with lifts is more complicated. Lifts should not be used in an emergency, as power might fail, or the person might be taken to a more dangerous place. The lift needs to go to the next floor and stop. The doors need to open but the lift motors need to be switched off so the lift cannot be operated. More sophisticated alarm systems may have an alert state, so that if heat seems to be building up, the security staff are alerted and can check the situation, either signaling a full alert or resetting the systems. Some sprinkler systems spray foam rather than water, especially if electrical equipment is involved (such as in a lighting room). These are expensive, as they then have to be refilled, and may not be triggered just by the button in a fire alarm. They might need a second signal, either from the control panel or a second sensor, such as the smoke alarm. If any one of them is triggered, system would be in alert mode Manual and ICT based data handling systems appropriate for use in a theatre. ICT systems appropriate for use in a theatre. Hardware and software that could be used in a theatre. Methods of data input and output. Systems flowcharts. Data protection and other appropriate legislation. Control of sound and light setting. MIDI and its use in a theatre setting. Booking systems. Ticket and ticket-less booking systems. ...read more.

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