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What is the purpose of the Data Protection Act?

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Data Protection. 1998 Data Protection Act replaces the 1984 Act and can deal with some of the things that weren't around when the older act was in place. It covers the Internet, loyalty cards and the customer databases for marketing purposes. 1. What is the purpose of the Data Protection Act? The Personal Information Protection Act replaces the existing Data Protection Act and provides general statutory rules to protect people's privacy. The Act regulates all kinds of treatment of personal information, such as collecting, storing, saving, comparing, linking, consulting and providing personal information to a third party. An important objective of the Act is to enable people to know which data concerning them have been processed for which purpose and to give them the opportunity to lodge a complaint. That does not mean that types of processing information are prohibited, but they may be subjected to certain conditions. ...read more.


7. Appropriate technical and organisational measures shall be taken against unauthorised or unlawful processing of personal data and against accidental loss or destruction of, or damage to, personal data. 8. Personal data shall not be transferred to a country or territory outside the European Economic Area unless that country or territory ensures an adequate level of protection for the rights and freedoms of data subjects in relation to the processing of personal data. 3. Explain what is meant by sensitive personal data Sensitive personal data is personal data consisting of information regarding: the racial or ethnic origin of an individual; his political opinions; religious beliefs; trade union membership; physical or mental health; sex life; commission of offences; or court proceedings regarding offences. Where a data controller wishes to process sensitive personal data not only does one of the conditions for processing ordinary personal data require to be met but at least one of the additional conditions for processing sensitive personal data must also be met. ...read more.


original computer and use the information they have gotten from the original computer to use it for something that it shouldn't be used for. The advantages of it however is that the transfer of the data would be immediate and there is no way outside people can tamper with the files. 6. Explain the term data subject and what their rights? You have the right to see any personal details about you on computer or held manually. You also have the right to a description of the data being processed. This means if you do not understand what the data means, then you can have it explained. You are also entitled to know the logic behind any decision when the decision is made automatically. 7. Using a different source of information find out who/what are fully and partially exempt from the Act. (Include your source) Domestic information Research and statistical information National Security eMa October 2002 ...read more.

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