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At common law, the ownership of all the land in the country is vested in the Crown

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Introduction

At common law, the ownership of all the land in the country is vested in the Crown. No other than the Crown can own land. However, other persons may be tenants of land and have rights in the land which protect even against the Crown. There were different methods of land holding, or tenures. The doctrine of estates developed as a consequence of the doctrine of tenure. ...read more.

Middle

On the death intestate of a tenant in fee simple the land passed or devolved upon his heir. The heir was ascertained by applying the canons of descent. If there was no heir the land was then passed to the superior feudal lord in a process known as escheat. The law then recognized the right of a fee simple owner to transfer or convey his property. ...read more.

Conclusion

The tenant is entitled to exclusive possession of the land for a certain period of time, in return for usually paying rent. The last type is the life estate. In a life estate, the land is granted to a person for his life and his estate then determines upon his death. The estate is not one of inheritance. After 1925, by section 1(1) of the LPA 1925, only 2 estates can subsist as legal estates. They are the fee simple absolute in possession and the term of years absolute. ...read more.

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