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Canadian Democracy

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Canada is part of an elite political group globally as it is one of the only approximately 25 countries in the world that can truthfully proclaim that it has a true democratic government. The Canadian government functions under a system called Federalism, which is divided into three levels: Federal, Provincial and Municipal. The Federal government is responsible for national issues that affect the entire country such as the military, health care programs and foreign policies. The Federal government is split into 3 branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. The Executive Branch consists of the Governor General (who represents the Queen), the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Legislative Branch includes the government and opposition members and the Senators, while the Judicial Branch is the Supreme Court of Canada with nice judges appointed by the Governor General. The provincial government is responsible for provincial issues such as social services, natural resources and prisons. ...read more.


The Cabinet consists of members chosen by the Prime Minister to run various departments that the Federal Government is responsible for. The Senate consists of 104 appointed members with the main role Canadian Senators to provide "sober, second thought" on the work done by the House of Commons. All federal legislation must be passed by the House of Commons and the Senate. However, it should be noted that while Canada is a sovereign nation, it is still a Constitutional Monarchy with the Queen appointed as the head of the state. The passing of laws in Canada is a very lengthy process, with the bill first being introduced in either the Senate or House of Commons. It must pass through the House during the first, second and third readings, where the bill is then voted on during the third reading. The bill is then passed onto the Senate where they examine a bill and discuss whether it is acceptable to pass. ...read more.


With the ability to form a political party written in the Charter of Rights, come many different ideologies. The three main political parties in Canada are the Liberals, Conservatives and NDP. Although they now have many points in common, they originally started with immense gaps between their beliefs. The Liberals bring the beliefs of supporting the dignity and worth of individualism as their main platform, and favour education and a mixed economy because it allows individualism to flourish. With Liberalism comes capitalism and free enterprise, with little interference from the government regarding the economy. The Conservatives were the first governing party of Canada after Confederation and now support free enterprise and generally reject radical changes. They are traditionalists who believe in supporting an entire society before an individual. The NDP can be seen as socialists who have a strong belief in social equality. They are very much against capitalism and endorse pro-economic equality. They believe in having Canadians as equals with no social classes dividing Canadians. ...read more.

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