• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Citizenship Questions on Human Rights and Laws

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Citizenship (A/A*) ________________ Human Rights Why is the Human Rights Act important? Many of the rights that are listed in the Human Rights Act were guaranteed in the United Kingdom before the Act was passed in 1998. They had been accepted in this country for many years. The Human Rights Act brought all of these rights together into one document for the first time. This meant that people could see much more easily what their rights actually were. The Human Rights Act also made the European Convention of Human Rights part of the law of the United Kingdom. This meant that people could take organisations, and even the government, to the European Court of Human Rights if they believed that their rights had been disregarded. Until then, it had been very expensive to pursue a legal; case about human rights in the law courts. Now, judges in the law courts can decide whether human rights have been ignored. ...read more.

Middle

Because it is a pressure groups with no allegiance to any governmental or official organisation, Amnesty International can work in much more direct ways. Therefore, it uses the press, television and any available means to publicise abuses and to try to shame governments into changing their policies. Examiner's Hint: Amnesty International is staffed mostly by volunteers. Why Laws are needed Why do societies have laws? Laws are the rules of society. The population of the United Kingdom is made up of many people from different cultures. They have different beliefs and traditions which may conflict. Laws set out common standards of behaviour so that all people know how to behave. Laws, therefore, help to strengthen society and bring people closer together. Laws do not just tell us what we cannot do. Laws also tell us what we are entitled to do. They also tell us our rights. For example, there are laws that control the behaviour of the police. They cannot arrest somebody without a good reason. They cannot search someone's house without a warrant. ...read more.

Conclusion

In civil law, there are winners and losers. How are verdicts reached in a Crown Court? Cases in Crown Courts are contests between the Prosecution and the Defence. Two barristers, one for the crown and one for the defendant, put forward arguments to try to persuade the jury that the accused is either guilty or not guilty. Some people criticise this system because it concentrates on the skill of the barrister rather than the strength of the evidence. It is the judge's role to control the case. He or she must make sure that the barristers do not mislead the jury or act improperly because it is the jury which must take the final decision. Whereas the judge and the barristers are trained lawyers, the members of the jury are not. They are ordinary members of the public. This is an important principle of criminal law. People should be judged by their peers, which means by their equals. Therefore, the decision is reached by ordinary people and not by legal experts. Examiner's Hint: You must understand the roles of the different people in a court. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Identify ONE Human Rights issue and assess the effectiveness of both international and domestic ...

    However, there is already a flaw visible in the legal remedy as protocol is merely optional. This means that a sovereign state becomes a signatory to the protocol at its own discretion. Furthermore, for the protocol's provisions to be binding on signatories, a state is required to follow a process of ratification.

  2. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    This was a miss-direction and he appealed. Judge said that Watson would have seen the mans age and frailty and therefore the jury should know this fact to. R v Ball (1989) - Ball had a dispute with a neighbour and had a shotgun, he also carried around blanks and live rounds in his pockets.

  1. It is a matter of record there is no such thing as a right ...

    However, it has been argued that in a typical privacy case, and particularly where the information has been obtained surreptitiously, it would be absurd for a newspaper to claim that the plaintiff would have given actual consent to publication if asked.

  2. To what extent has the Human Rights Act 1998 strengthened the rule of law ...

    Loveland uses the following quaint description:15 'A statute, that is a piece of legislation produced by Parliament, is generally regarded as the highest form of law within the British constitutional structure. The British Parliament, it is said, is a sovereign lawmaker.

  1. Explain how constitutional conventions differ from laws and discuss, with the use of examples, ...

    feeling of uncertainty in relation to what a "general direction"9 was, hence there was done another one in 1987. Moreover, it is also "not clear that no conventions are enforced by court"10; there have been a number of cases where conventions were put into force by courts in order to make a decision.

  2. Justices of the Peace - Magistrates Courts

    expertise for the detailed study of pages of accounts, and the Criminal Justice Act 2003 makes provision for judge-only trials in some such cases. It is worth noting, however, that even under the former arrangements the Serious Fraud Office (in spite of some high-profile failures such as the Maxwell trial)

  1. Lay People

    The proposed Magistrates application will then be checked at the lord Chancellors office and from there the magistrate may be asked to attend an interview. In the Interviews the local committees will look for candidates which show six key qualities being; A good Character, good understanding and communication, social awareness, maturity and sound temperament, sound judgement, commitment and reliability.

  2. prisoners rights

    Sunil Batra (I) dealt with the question whether prisoners are entitled to all constitutional rights, apart from fundamental rights. In that case this Court was called upon to decide as to when solitary confinement could be imposed on a prisoner.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work