• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century

Extracts from this document...


Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth century, many developments in law and order were introduced to London and played a key role in the Victorian lifestyle. These changes resulted in a more efficient and effective organisation and law system. The idea of a police force had only just been in the nineteenth century and consequently organisation, methods and public confidence was bound to differ. Two police forces were in action in 1800, the Bow Street Runners and the Thames River police force. The Bow Street Runners were set up in 1749 by Henry Fielding and were basically an early form of today's criminal investigation department. The Bow Street Runners had three main aims, crime detection, Crime prevention and maintaining public confidence. These police officers had a big reputation and were feared by the majority of criminals. The Bow Street Runners were the earliest form of a detective force and operated from the courts to enforce the decisions of magistrates. ...read more.


More over, 75% of crimes were merely petty thefts and many of theses weren't even violent. 1829 brought the turning point in nineteenth century law and order. Sir Robert Peel, the Home Secretary, founded the Metropolitan Police Force in order to carry out the functions of both the watchmen and the special constables .The work of Fielding's shows that an organized force could reduce crime and therefore the Metropolitan Police Force were Britain's first Government created, controlled and funded police force and covered an area within a 7 mile radius from the centre of London. Their functions included lighting lamplights, calling out the time and watching for fire; their main duties were to deal with drunkenness, beggars, vagrants and prostitutes. The Metropolitan police were only armed with wooden truncheons and Constables given cutlasses, a type of sword, if there was any danger. However, from the 1840's and 1850's inspectors in the Metropolitan police began to carry revolvers at times. Peel's Police were paid a little 16 shillings whereas more people in other skillful jobs earnt a lot more so the police didn't attract a lot of intelligent officers and therefore lowering their public respect. ...read more.


However, it was not until the 1860's that detective work began to be organized. The methods of these detectives developed slowly. The police have learnt the value of footprints in the early part of the nineteenth century but since then little progress had been made. The standard method in detective work was to follow suspicious characters, who where mainly foreign or Jewish at the time. In 1892, the Alphonse Bertillon method of identification was adopted; this involved measuring parts of the human body on the theory that no two individuals would be exactly the same. Fingerprinting however, was not adopted until the early 20th century. Very little training for the police was received in the late nineteenth century and hours of duty could be as long as fourteen a day, seven days a week. In the 1880's the reputation of policing was hit very hard due to a number of serious incident and many methods of tackling and solving crimes that we now take for granted, were unknown and even very regular patrols could not stop a determined criminal as, for many Londoners, crime was the only way to receive money, food and a half decent way of living. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    Parents wanted her to be force fed. She wasn't a competent 126v year old (not Gillick competent) courts said she was Gillick competent and she died. This applies to both chronological and mental age! Works more based on the mental age. 2. Sporting contact outside the rules of the game (cheating)

  2. Justices of the Peace - Magistrates Courts

    the defendant or any of the witnesses, or if there is good reason to think that he would be unable to try the case fairly. There were formerly various classes of people (e.g. judges, lawyers, police officers and ministers of religion)

  1. Should juvenile offenders be treated differently to adult offenders?

    This affects the victim and the accused. People with limited education or don't understand the court procedures are disadvantaged as they are unaware of their rights. This Act aims to make juvenile offenders take blame for their dealings, recognise the victims rights, avoid the cost and time of the court proceedings and substitutes to detention.

  2. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    The particulars that a protest must contain are:- 1. The instrument itself, or a literal transcript thereof. 2. The names of the parties for and against whom the instrument has been protested. 3. The fact and reasons for dishonor. 4.

  1. Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth centaury.

    Once the government realised something had to be done they set up the met (metropolitan police force) in 1829 and had 3,200 men and along with 17 diversions 4inspectors and 144 constables. The met covered a 7 mile area from the centre of London.

  2. Using actual situations describe the elements of actus

    of law which can or should be resolved before the evidence is heard, there may be a hearing to determine that before the trial itself. The trial in the Crown Court is on indictment: that is, a document drawn up showing the offence with which the defendant is charged.

  1. Law and order in London in the late nineteenth century.

    for their uniform to be associated with the army, as traditionally the public didn't like to see the 'redcoats' of the army on the streets.

  2. Law officers in the 19th century.

    This burglar, despite having just escaped from prison, has already got his hands on a gun and burgled a house. If we were to find a man, having just stolen from a house, and with a revolver, we would call the police to help us and lock the man up, for the safety of the people in that town.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work