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Describe Law and Order in the late nineteenth century

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Describe Law and Order in the late nineteenth century Law and Order in the late 19th century was not as it is today. Things were even worse than they are today. Even though there was a police force, they were new and poorly equipped to tackle serious crimes. This force was the Metropolitan Police Force, established in 1829. However the force was in deep controversy about several issues surrounding the role of the police in society, the severe use of force and detective work such as prevention of crime like murder, rapes etc. The Met was set up by the Home Secretary (Sir Robert Peel) in 1829. Before The Met there were the Bow Street Runners and the Thames River Police Force. Set up in 1749 and 1798 respectively. These three forces were based in different parts of London and were very low in numbers. ...read more.


This was very dangerous and painful for anyone who got hit. In 1833 at Cold Bath Field in London, PC Cully was killed during the baton charge. The jury acquitted the killers as the homicide was deemed acceptable. The baton charge had caused severe injuries and serious riots had resulted in police and civilian fatalities. Drunken police were very unpopular and tarnished the already damaged reputation of the police. People saw the role of the police to solely deal with street crime and not solve crime. However when the Whitechapel murders occurred people were afraid and questioned the police as to why they hadn't caught the killer. May critics thought that if the police brought him or her to justice it would be 'better for their own reputation'. In 1842, detectives were first introduces by The Met much to dislike of people who did not approve of detectives. ...read more.


The police force was stretched and there were simply not enough policemen to police the people. The population of London was 5,255,069 in 1855. The police force had 13,319 officers; out of this only 1,383 men could be on beat duty at any one time. For every one police officer there were 394 people to look after. This would have been impossible to look after each and every person on each and very street, road and alleyway in the city and make arrests, run after thieves and walk miles without any proper shifts. This was the reason that law and order was bad and why people were robbed, raped and killed on the streets of London and England. Petty theft and muggings could have easily been solved if there more men to police the streets and if the policemen weren't distracted by riots then maybe they could had prevented other simple crimes which occurred freely on the streets. Nilesh Thanki GCSE HISTORY COURSEWORK 1 ...read more.

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