• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the process by which a Bill becomes an Act of Parliament.

Extracts from this document...


Legislation and Law Reform (a) Describe the process by which a Bill becomes an Act of Parliament. [24] The government- lawyers in the civil service, who are known as parliamentary counsel to the treasury, first draft the majority of Acts of Parliament. The government gives instructions for the Bill. When this first draft of the Bill has been set out, it is published. Even at this stage difficulties may crop up, as the draft must be precise and accurate to the governments wishes without any possible mistakes. Also there is little time to produce these first drafts, so there is a lot of pressure on time to introduce the Bill to Parliament. To become an Act of Parliament, both Houses of Parliament, in which each there is a lengthy and complex process, must pass the Bill. A Bill may start in either the House of Commons or Lords, although Finance Bills must start in the House of Commons. To become an Act of Parliament, each Bill must go through certain proceedings. The first stage is the 'First Reading' where the name and main aims of the Bill are introduced and there is a vote on whether the Bill should continue. This is verbally done unless it becomes hard for the judge to distinguish the majority vote. ...read more.


(ii) Explain the terms 'Green Paper' and 'White Paper'. [30] On major issues in pre-legislative procedure, the minister responsible for the matter may issue a Green Paper. The Labour Government introduced this idea in 1967. A Green Paper is a consultative document on the topic that is being put forward for reform by the government. Interested parties are then invited to send comments to the relevant Government Department so all sides may be considered and necessary amendments made. After this, a White Paper is published with firm new proposals for the Law. (c) Explain how effective the law reform bodies or any other groups have been in persuading Parliament to reform the law. [24] It is important for law to be reformed when necessary, and there are many influences on the way the law is formed and reformed and can come from a number of different sources. Some have more effect than others while in some there may be competing interests in the way the law should be reformed. Pressure groups may provide the impetus for law reform where the subject is high profile and Parliament may give way to public opinion. Judges also play a role in law reform by means of judicial precedent, in which they may either create new law or, in cases where they are bound by previous precedent, draw attention to the need for reform. ...read more.


This injury would definitely have a severe impact on her life and her ability to carry out any normal day-to-day activities. (ii) Monica, who is a cook and has developed a painful skin irritation which causes her hand to crack and blister. In this case, the injury is much less serious but still something that may affect the way Monica lives and affect her day-to-day job as a cook. The irritation is obviously one that gives her a lot of pain when going about her normal activities, and so it would be possible for Monica to come under the Disabled Act. It may stop the way she works and hinder her normal routine, and so therefore a disability. However, if there was the chance that the irritation was easily cured, or helped with medication, then this could lessen the chances of falling into the disabled category. Also, it may not have serious long-term effects. (iii) Phoebe, who is a guitarist and is developing profound deafness in one ear. Although this is not a life-threatening case, it is still a disability in which the affected person could not go about their daily activities as per usual, because as a musician, this problem would affect Phoebe's livelihood. This would be a long-term effect, although falling into the category of disability could depend on the seriousness of the deafness, and also whether it worsens in seriousness. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Stages of a Bill to become an Act of Parliament

    4 star(s)

    Report Stage It occurs in the House of Commons and usually takes a short time; here the MPs can suggest and debate amendments to the Bill. However, if there were amendments at the Committee Stages, there will not be a Report Stage.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    There are many influences operating on parliament before and during the legislative process. Explain ...

    3 star(s)

    The law commission decides what to put into its programme by considering the importance of the issues, availability of resources and the suitability of the issue. Teams of lawyers and research assistants each headed by a law commissioner consider the reforms needed.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Judicial precedent.

    3 star(s)

    This can happen where the facts of the case in question are sufficiently different from the one dealt with by the lower court. 13. Give four advantages of case law. (Certainty - judicial precedent means that litigants can assume that like cases will be treated alike, rather than judges making their own random decisions which nobody could predict.

  2. Offences against the person act 1861; criticisms and reforms.

    In 1997 the Home Secretary, Jack Straw, said that the Government were looking into the "technical legal changes proposed by the Law Commission such as definitions of intent, recklessness, and intoxication or whether the intentional transmission of disease should be included in the Bill"2 The actual proposal the Government came

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    - Victim stabbed and went to hospital. Died 8 days later in hospital. Jordan convicted of murder. Hospital made mistakes: - * Gave drugs that the victim had an allergy to * Put victim on a drip and water logged his lungs COA - hospital had broken the chain of causation COA "TREATMENT WAS PALPABLY WRONG" R v Smith (1959)


    will be discussed in brief so as to provide context for the reforms that followed. The most controversial of which was the notable increase in insurance premiums prior to 2002. Although some contention does surround the cause for this increase, it can be suggested that an increase in personal injury claims was a contributing factor.

  1. Explain the need for discipline in at least two public services. Analyse the role ...

    patterns of persistent offenders and targeting them, we have made significant in-roads into reducing certain types of volume crime. Giving evidence: This would be when for example a witness of a crime acts as a witness in court and gives evidence.

  2. Is there a tort of invasion of privacy?

    the right to a private life, seemed to have failed due to the competing right to freedom of expression, protected by article 10. As a result of this news the newspapers started celebrating 'press freedom' victory. These celebrations were very premature because after Naomi Campbell's victory over the Mirror newspaper

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work