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Describe the process by which a Bill becomes an Act of Parliament.

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Legislation and Law Reform (a) Describe the process by which a Bill becomes an Act of Parliament. [24] The government- lawyers in the civil service, who are known as parliamentary counsel to the treasury, first draft the majority of Acts of Parliament. The government gives instructions for the Bill. When this first draft of the Bill has been set out, it is published. Even at this stage difficulties may crop up, as the draft must be precise and accurate to the governments wishes without any possible mistakes. Also there is little time to produce these first drafts, so there is a lot of pressure on time to introduce the Bill to Parliament. To become an Act of Parliament, both Houses of Parliament, in which each there is a lengthy and complex process, must pass the Bill. A Bill may start in either the House of Commons or Lords, although Finance Bills must start in the House of Commons. To become an Act of Parliament, each Bill must go through certain proceedings. The first stage is the 'First Reading' where the name and main aims of the Bill are introduced and there is a vote on whether the Bill should continue. This is verbally done unless it becomes hard for the judge to distinguish the majority vote. ...read more.


(ii) Explain the terms 'Green Paper' and 'White Paper'. [30] On major issues in pre-legislative procedure, the minister responsible for the matter may issue a Green Paper. The Labour Government introduced this idea in 1967. A Green Paper is a consultative document on the topic that is being put forward for reform by the government. Interested parties are then invited to send comments to the relevant Government Department so all sides may be considered and necessary amendments made. After this, a White Paper is published with firm new proposals for the Law. (c) Explain how effective the law reform bodies or any other groups have been in persuading Parliament to reform the law. [24] It is important for law to be reformed when necessary, and there are many influences on the way the law is formed and reformed and can come from a number of different sources. Some have more effect than others while in some there may be competing interests in the way the law should be reformed. Pressure groups may provide the impetus for law reform where the subject is high profile and Parliament may give way to public opinion. Judges also play a role in law reform by means of judicial precedent, in which they may either create new law or, in cases where they are bound by previous precedent, draw attention to the need for reform. ...read more.


This injury would definitely have a severe impact on her life and her ability to carry out any normal day-to-day activities. (ii) Monica, who is a cook and has developed a painful skin irritation which causes her hand to crack and blister. In this case, the injury is much less serious but still something that may affect the way Monica lives and affect her day-to-day job as a cook. The irritation is obviously one that gives her a lot of pain when going about her normal activities, and so it would be possible for Monica to come under the Disabled Act. It may stop the way she works and hinder her normal routine, and so therefore a disability. However, if there was the chance that the irritation was easily cured, or helped with medication, then this could lessen the chances of falling into the disabled category. Also, it may not have serious long-term effects. (iii) Phoebe, who is a guitarist and is developing profound deafness in one ear. Although this is not a life-threatening case, it is still a disability in which the affected person could not go about their daily activities as per usual, because as a musician, this problem would affect Phoebe's livelihood. This would be a long-term effect, although falling into the category of disability could depend on the seriousness of the deafness, and also whether it worsens in seriousness. ...read more.

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