• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the selection, training and role of lay Magistrates.

Extracts from this document...


Lay Magistrates Describe the selection, training and role of lay Magistrates. Magistrates deal with 97 per cent of all criminal cases, so they play an extremely key role in our judicial system, lay Magistrates are those who do the job voluntarily, meaning costs of hearing everyday cases are significantly capped as opposed to using stipendiary Magistrates for rather minor events. Around 1,500 Lay Magistrates are appointed each year to each commission area, which are counties or the six commission areas in London. The Lord Chancellor, on behalf of the Queen, makes these appointments, however in Lancashire, the Duchy of Lancashire will carry out the decisions. His decision is based upon the recommendations made by local advisory committees. ...read more.


The four basic areas for training are an applied understanding of the framework; within which magistrates operate, which will be covered before sitting in court via observation of cases and attending training sessions, an ability to follow basic law and procedure, an ability to think and act judicially and an ability to work as an effective member of a team. Each new magistrate will keep a Personal Development Log, which documents their progress and will have a mentor to assist them. Within the first two years of a magistrate sitting in court, between eight and eleven of the sessions will be mentored, as well as having to attend around seven training sessions. ...read more.


Their normal duties are to hear all summary offences, extend detention in police stations, hear triable either way offences or send them to the Crown court for trial. They also deal with some civil cases and with applications for bail, there are cases that apply to youths too, the magistrates will hear these for those aged between ten and seventeen. They have the power to issue fines of up to �5000 but cannot sentence anyone to imprisonment beyond six months; finally they may deal with alcohol licensing and family matters, such as matrimonial disputes. Clearly with the large amount of non-payment of fines, the magistrates are responsible for the recovery of civil debts. Those magistrates with legal qualifications can only pass fines over the value of �5000 and imprisonment of over six months. Stephen Hardman Law ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Describe the system of appointing and training Lay Magistrates.

    Training is usually delivered locally by the justices' clerk or a legal advisor from his team. This training helps new magistrates to develop all the knowledge and skills they need to become an effective and confident magistrate. There are several aspects to a Lay Magistrate's training.

  2. Distinguishing between a Lay Magistrate and a Stipendiary Magistrate.

    It is imperative that lay magistrates to have good character and standing in the local community. Lay Magistrates work part-time over a minimum of 26 sessions a year. Lay Magistrates are unqualified in law; many now can be trained in a new programme of training introduced in 1966.

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    Malicious - Intention or Recklessness. Wound - Breaking all layers of the skin to produce blood. E.g. R v Wood 1830 - Charged with malicious wounding - broke victim's collar bone. Found not guilty - Wrong charge � GBH but not wounding Elenshower v C (a minor)

  2. Explain the need for discipline in at least two public services. Analyse the role ...

    Interviews should extend to colleagues, close friends and military supervisors. C) Background Medical Factors. It will be necessary to recover a deceased's medical documents from the medical officer civilian doctor concerned, and record any material evidence such as any previous self-harm or psychiatric assessments.

  1. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    Protection to the Collecting Banker A collecting banker is one who receives the payment of a crossed check on behalf of his customer. Section 131 grants protection to the collecting banker and states that "a banker who has in good faith and without negligence received payment for a customer of

  2. essay discussing the advantages and disadvanteges of lay magistrates

    his right to elect trial in the crown court or if he fells it would benefit him then he can choose to be tried in the magistrates' court. However, even if the defendant opts to go the magistrates' court, the magistrates can decline the case if they feel they have

  1. Describe the selection, training, and role of lay magistrates.

    In 1998 the lay magistrates New Training Initiative started. Under this scheme newly appointed magistrates have to achieve four basic competencies. These are; an applied understanding of the framework within which magistrates operate; an ability to follow basic law and procedure; an ability to think and act judicially; and an ability to work as an effective member of a team.

  2. The Role of the ICJ

    Resource Efficiency * As international trials can take a large amount of time juries and judges need to make the trials efficient and also fair. * Time in the courts can be wasted in regards to false allegations. Also compensation claims for false imprisonment may be issued - thus wasting time and money.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work