• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the selection, training and role of lay Magistrates.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Lay Magistrates Describe the selection, training and role of lay Magistrates. Magistrates deal with 97 per cent of all criminal cases, so they play an extremely key role in our judicial system, lay Magistrates are those who do the job voluntarily, meaning costs of hearing everyday cases are significantly capped as opposed to using stipendiary Magistrates for rather minor events. Around 1,500 Lay Magistrates are appointed each year to each commission area, which are counties or the six commission areas in London. The Lord Chancellor, on behalf of the Queen, makes these appointments, however in Lancashire, the Duchy of Lancashire will carry out the decisions. His decision is based upon the recommendations made by local advisory committees. ...read more.

Middle

The four basic areas for training are an applied understanding of the framework; within which magistrates operate, which will be covered before sitting in court via observation of cases and attending training sessions, an ability to follow basic law and procedure, an ability to think and act judicially and an ability to work as an effective member of a team. Each new magistrate will keep a Personal Development Log, which documents their progress and will have a mentor to assist them. Within the first two years of a magistrate sitting in court, between eight and eleven of the sessions will be mentored, as well as having to attend around seven training sessions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their normal duties are to hear all summary offences, extend detention in police stations, hear triable either way offences or send them to the Crown court for trial. They also deal with some civil cases and with applications for bail, there are cases that apply to youths too, the magistrates will hear these for those aged between ten and seventeen. They have the power to issue fines of up to �5000 but cannot sentence anyone to imprisonment beyond six months; finally they may deal with alcohol licensing and family matters, such as matrimonial disputes. Clearly with the large amount of non-payment of fines, the magistrates are responsible for the recovery of civil debts. Those magistrates with legal qualifications can only pass fines over the value of �5000 and imprisonment of over six months. Stephen Hardman Law ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Distinguishing between a Lay Magistrate and a Stipendiary Magistrate.

    A Stipendiary magistrate is similar to a Lay Magistrate except Stipendiary Magistrates work full-time and are paid. They have as much powers as a bench of Lay Magistrates.

  2. essay discussing the advantages and disadvanteges of lay magistrates

    With almost any case one of the magistrates will have in some way been affected by a similar act. So let's say someone was caught speeding just over the limit which would usually be a small fine but because magistrate A knew someone who was killed by someone who was speeding they decide to give a much heavier penalty.

  1. The Work of the Magistrates Court and Magistrates

    The chairman will be in regular contact with committee members to ensure that they are fully consulted and involved in the decision making process. The chairman is also the MCC's main spokesperson on any policy matters. The chairman must develop close working relationships with the deputy chairman and the chairman of any sub-committees or panels which the MCC operate.

  2. Explain the need for discipline in at least two public services. Analyse the role ...

    Behaviours that would for example bring the Police Force into disregard would be for example: ? Coercion ? Racism ? Drug dealing ? Murder ? Theft ? Neglect of duty ? Fraud ? Assault ? Corruption ? Preventing the cause of justice ?

  1. The Role of the ICJ

    * In finding a happy medium between both parties (the individual vs. the state) difficulties could arise. Equality * The ICJ attempt to make the most fair and correct outcome to serve justice. * Because of our multicultural world many new implementations need to be understood.

  2. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    While the paying banker knows the state of, and takes the responsibility for the authenticity of the signature of, the drawer, he cannot be presumed to have any special knowledge about the payee or other holders of the instrument. As such a paying banker acting in good faith and in

  1. Describe the system of appointing and training Lay Magistrates.

    As stated above, this selection process must ensure that candidates elected as Lay Magistrates are representative of the local community. Nevertheless, there are several positive and negative criteria which exist to ensure candidates' fitness to practice as Lay Magistrates. Candidates must: * demonstrate common sense * have personal integrity *

  2. Using actual situations describe the elements of actus

    In pursuing these objectives, criminology draws on the findings of biology, psychology, psychiatry, sociology, anthropology, and related fields. See the article on Penology for a discussion of correctional institutions, and that on Juvenile Crime for consideration of special problems of young offenders.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work