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Evolution and the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

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Introduction

EVOLUTION AND THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS For the past several years there has been an ongoing argument about how humankind and other animals have evolved. One of the most controversial and debated topics is if the theory of evolution contradicts the Second Law of Thermodynamics; and also if the theory of evolution is in fact precise. As well as contrasting the different beliefs of evolution, this paper will look at whether the theory of evolution is in contradiction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As there are many arguments and standpoints about this topic, I will discuss both perspectives of the argument and then draw a conclusion based on the information presented. Evolutionists believe that all forms of life on earth today including humans have evolved and developed from single celled creatures and that for about the past 3.4 million years, small single-celled bacteria have developed into creatures with much more complexity. Evolutionists also believe that all the living things on earth today are still evolving into different creatures, meaning that in the distant future, the creatures will have some resemblance to us, but they will have different structures. Charles Darwin, a British scientist during the 19th century had some important backbone beliefs of evolutionists today, including the theory that man evolved from apes. ...read more.

Middle

If a house is not constantly take care of and cleaned up (add energy), natural processes will begin to make the house deteriorate (entropy occurs), wood begins to rot, pipes rust, etc. The structure will just begin to get more disorganized. Eventually, it will just become a pile of rubble. One would be unable to distinguish it as a house. This is the idea of increasing entropy. This is the point at which the expostulation between the creationists and the evolutionists arises. The theory of evolution states that life on earth progresses from simple, to more complex organisms, and never progress into less complex organisms. It also states that as time passes, things become more systematic and entropy decreases. On the other had, the Second Law of Thermodynamics reveals that if systems are left alone, the amount of disorder and entropy increases. This opposes the Theory of Evolution which says that microorganisms which have disorder, slowly evolved to form more complex life forms. The simple laws of science say that at some point in time, entropy will arise in complex organisms which slowly begin to turn to less complex organisms. Basically, the entire Milky Way, including the sun and stars are loosing their power, degrading, and will one day reach a level of total or maximum entropy. ...read more.

Conclusion

A simpler way to put this is to observe the genetic code which is stored in the simplest of living cells. It contains all the necessary information for survival, and reproduction. Scientists have estimated that the amount of information, which is stored in a single-celled organism, is about 40,000 volumes. "The chance for this information to appear suddenly could be compared to an explosion in a printing show resulting in Encyclopaedia Britannica!2" Many Hindus, Christians, Jews and Muslims see the theory of evolution is a threat to their religious beliefs. As a believer in my religion and faith, I believe that the theory of evolution is untrue. The Quran says that, "God created Adam, as the first human being, and he breathed His Spirit into him." This is quite clear and concise. As far as I know, Muslims and Christians believe that Adam was the first man created by God. My beliefs contradict the theory of evolution, from the minutest cell. The religious books also state that the sun, and everything else is slowly heading towards entropy. Evolution presupposes the existence of a divine being. Life began not by any particular purpose of any Divine being, but in many ways to be some set of circumstances. Evolution may have occurred to a very small extent, such as small physical features, size of arms, etc. The origin of life on earth could not have been the result of a random natural process, but only God's purposeful creation. ...read more.

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