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Law and order in London in the late nineteenth century.

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Introduction

History coursework; 1.Describe law and order in London in the late nineteenth century. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, law and order in London was controlled by two police forces - the bow street runners and the Thames river police. Things changed 1829 when home secretary Sir Robert Peel shaped the metropolitan police force that was to police the whole of London to this day. The metropolitan police force was initiated for the need of need of a police force that was to cover all areas of crime instead of individual officers being assigned to one element. In the following essay I will exhibit what I believe to be the five main factors of law and order in the nineteenth century - the role of the police, crime solving methods, appearance, public view of the police and the introduction of the detective department. ...read more.

Middle

The navy, however were much more accepted and respected by the public, therefore the metropolitan police acquired a blue uniform, similar to that of the navy's. This consisted of tailcoat, top hat (both blue) and as few badges and decorations as possible. The new 'Bobbies' were also only armed with a truncheon, until the 1840's and 1850's when inspectors began to carry revolvers at times. Law and order was improved because the police officers were now more clearly seen and noticeable to deter crimes. The next aspect is crime solving. The metropolitan police had had no main obligation to solve crime. This then meant London's streets became more orderly but the popularity of burglaries increased, as did the number of that took place. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1877, not all had gone well and one out of four inspectors were discover to be corrupt. In 1978 it was reorganised and the criminal intelligence department (CID) was created Detective work was gradually enhanced as they learnt the value of forensics and fingerprints. This was to be the basis of today's detective work. This was to improve law and order in London for the better and crimes such as murders could now be solved and the law became more stringent upon these offences. To summarise, law and order in London took a substantial turn for the better in the late nineteenth century, although some areas had not seen the familiar decline in crowd disturbances, such as riots. The officers on the beat were still mainly a deterrent like the watchmen and parish constables. The detective work improved dramatically and murders could increasingly be solved. ...read more.

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