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Law and order in the American west.

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Introduction

Law and order in the American west 1. What can you learn from this source about the Mormon settlement at Salt Lake City? * From source A, I have leant a lot about how Mormons settled in the Salt Lake City. I can see in the picture that they planned out to build houses, schools, shops and farms in a good structure, instead of building them any where. The roads were well built and made equally between each street as you can see from the picture. There are a few great big building at the front of the picture which suggests that they were organised. Industrial factory which probably manufactured the raw materials like metal and wood for the housing, there are also other big building that looks like schools and shops, this tell us that the children were not just wandering around the street causing complete chaos or mischief but were educated by going to school and the adults were employed in factories or shops. The farming land shows that they were total self-suffient and made their own food. Overall the engraving of the Salt Lake City looks peaceful and non violent town. 2. Use this source and your own knowledge to explain why there were difficulties such as those described here in living in early mining towns. * From source B, I have leant that there were a lot of difficulties living in early mining towns. It tells us people were robbed and guns were in existence and this caused a problem because everyone carried 'a trusty riffle, protect his own'. ...read more.

Middle

Source E suggests that there no official law enforcement in early western towns, as normal citizens took the law into their own hand and formed vigilante committees. It is apparent that the problems most have been serious, as hanging without a trial was used a deterrent. This source is both useful as it was actually written by the vigilantes and explains what they did. The source is not useful because it does not describe problems which caused vigilantes to act in this way. Source F back ups the question that there were problems with law and order in early western towns, as there a lot of crime because all the jails were full and a police force was set up. The source is useful for telling us that settlers were organized against crime and the source also shows an organised system of law enforcement. but is not useful because it written by a journalist which may have exaggerated and a biased view. He may have probably done this to make the story bigger. 5. Use source B and D your own knowledge to explain the statement in source E * Source E tells us about vigilante and how they took the law into their own hands, and source B and D help to explain the reason behind the vigilantes. From source B it is obvious that they were criminals and crimes were committed, so law enforcement was needed. There was no safety for life or properties suppose that there was no official law Enforcement such police or sheriff. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Source b shows the value and attitudes of early settlers, including the primitive code of honour, which meant that it was "your responsibility to settle things or your self", supporting the quote, "life and property might have been safe", and from source g .guns were easily accessible and extremely common. * These issues compared together. Were destined to result in violence. This attitude and the consequence were very selfish of the earlysettlers, as they were not prepared to collaborate as team. Another supporting issue of the statement I source g is the effect of racism in early western towns. Mobs of miners were more interested in driving Mexicans from their claims, harassing the Chinese and slaughtering Indians instead of putting effort in to combating crime. * Source e demonstrates that the early settlers went too far in attempting to deal with transgressions. They acted irresponsible by forming vigilant groups and performing appalling acts of murder and punishments, which they said was in the name of justice. "Lynch law" used, where the suspected criminals would b convicted and punished by groups, without a legal trial they were often murdered and hung from trees, as in source e , without substantial evidence ,trial or right to appeal. Arguably, the vigilantes made law and order worse in early western towns, as they committed crimes themselves. A governor of Idaho (source g) recommended that instead of dealing with criminals themselves, they should have invested in "public affairs" and elected honest men who would deal with villains, into power. Other sources oppose the comment in source g, and imply that other, more important factors ...read more.

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