• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Poverty and the British State 1850-50

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Poverty and the British State 1850-50 13th Jan 2003 a) Source 1 is a pamphlet attacking the Poor Law Amendment Act and the work of the Whig government which made the amendment act legislation in 1834. It shows healthy people entering a machine and coming out looking really weak. This is actually representing paupers entering the workhouse where they are treated harshly and when and if they come out are really weak. This is a result of the less eligibility principle which includes nasty meals and hard labour. There is the image of a matron or guardian who is questioning the pauper before entering the workhouse since it was their job to administer the poor relief to the truly destitute. According to the Poor law amendment act of 1834 the only way to obtain poor relief was to enter a workhouse(indoor relief). Where conditions would be less eligible and the poorest would prefer to remain outside. The workhouse is being compared to a prison so conditions inside the workhouse must be similar to a prison. 'Bastille' this was the French prison which was attacked in the early part of the revolution. The old, infirm, able-bodied were to enter a workhouse to be relieved. b) Edwin Chadwick was a law graduate. He was one of the poor law commissioner who was assigned to produce a report on the working of the old poor law and suggestions for improvements. ...read more.

Middle

or the other by the commissioners to fit the interpretation they want to give but then again commissioners were members of government and we would expect them to be thrust worthy. A problem with this source is that we don't know how typical it is of all other workhouse inmates committing these crimes and these many. The results were published in a political paper and the findings must have been an accurate representation of most of the workhouse plus we would expect the information to be accurate and trustworthy. The source has its limitations but is still useful to some extend because it gives figures which must have been calculated plus we know from our own knowledge that people did run away from workhouses and did commit all the crimes mentioned in the source. By this we can assume that the conditions were really harsh and working under the less eligibility principle.We don't know to what extend these findings are reliable because there are still a high number of offences but he whole point of an amendment act was to improve the morals of people and reduce bad habits. The source is limited in utility and gives no more information apart from workhouse crimes and more information is required. Source 2 is a report written by an assistant commissioner in 1841. ...read more.

Conclusion

The extend to which these factors were carried out various from time and place. Source 5 mentions that the ' time and area' varied in implementing these factors of the act. In the northern industrial areas opposition was high. Since the trade was fluctuating and employment was cyclical for only short and temporary they believed that the new poor law did not apply to them. The fact that many town in the industrial areas had changed their poor relief before the 1834 act in order to make it cost efficient believed that that the 1834 act did not apply to them. The commissioners evidence as also based on the north and again did not really apply to he North. The act was prevented in many industrial areas till about 1848. The jps and magistrates apposed the centralisation tendency and believed that the government was interfering in local matters. Many board of guardians were the overseers of the old poor law and did not cooperate with the commissioners. As a result outdoor relief was still given in many areas and the guardians implemented poor law according to the needs of the locally. However the commissioners did a good job as the aim was to reduce cost which was reduced. The parishes were also incorporated in to unions. The new poor law up to some extend was able to implement deterrence and human relief. ?? ?? ?? ?? Misbah Shahid ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Changes at Gressenhall workhouse 1800-1900

    Also it would cost a lot of money to build a workhouse that might not be used a lot. Overall, there were many variations in the national system of poor relief before 1834. Question 2a The 1834 poor law amendment act passed due to many number of reasons in which

  2. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    do harm - R v Mowalt 1967 R v Grimshaw - Pushed glass into someone's face. Cut victim. Intention not needed to prove harm. 2. Level of harm � s47 = ABH S20 = GBH (If ABG proven, GBH also proven)

  1. Worlds Apart: Orientalism, Antifeminism, and Heresy in Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale

    Custance is not only an emblem of submissiveness, as Delany observes, but a reassuring symbol of all that is not-man. At crucial points in his narrative, the lawyer uses Custance to reinforce woman's proper difference from man, a task he has rendered urgent by his exposure of woman's perverse desire

  2. Justices of the Peace - Magistrates Courts

    the police, or perhaps something even more extraordinary. Jurors are not subject to any kind of intelligence test, and may be unable to cope with difficult medical, financial or technical evidence. Complex fraud trials have given rise to particular concern, because most ordinary jurors do not have the training or

  1. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    The right of further negotiation is denied (a) when the drawer pays an instrument which is payable to the order of a third person, or (b) when an instrument executed or accepted for accommodation is paid by the party for whose accommodation the instrument was executed. This denial is based on the theory that further negotiation would unfairly

  2. Using actual situations describe the elements of actus

    Under these conditions both the assailant and the person assailed may be guilty of assault. On the principle of self-defence a person may forcibly resist an illegal arrest. The resistance, however, must fall short of taking life. A person may also forcibly resist an unlawful attack on another person, particularly

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work