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Public Service Course

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Unit Title: Law and the Legal System Assessment no: 1 Assessment title: Types of Offence and Courts Introduction This assignment is set out to explain how courts deal with both criminal and civil matters. It is sets out the role of the Police Service, Fire Service and the Army within the English legal system. Task One: There are three types of Criminal offences that the Criminal Courts deal with. The three types of Criminal offence are; * Summary * Either Way * Indictable Summary Offences These are dealt only within the Magistrates Court. They are generally offences that are considered less serious and maximum punishment is six months imprisonment and/or �5,000 fine. Examples of Summary offences are; * Minor assaults * Driving without a insurance * Assault on a Police Officer * Taking without owners consent Either Way Offences Either Way offences can be tried in either the Magistrates or the Crown Court, depending on where the prosecution think is appropriate, what the defendant wishes and the nature of the case involved. The offences included are: * Indecent assault * Making off without payment * Obtaining services by deception * Going equipped for stealing * Handling stolen good * Possession of a controlled drug. Indictable Offences Indictable offences appear firstly in the Magistrates Court, but are tried in the Crown Court. ...read more.


The Police are heavily involved in crime prevention, working alone, part of multi-agency taskforce and as part of the community. This crime prevention work may cover education on drugs in schools and neighbourhood watch. Police also pay a role in detection of crime. Although members of the public report crimes, by detecting crime and intelligence, some crimes may be prevented and others solved more quickly. Meaning that suspects can be processed more efficiently. The police are responsible for processing offenders these include activities such as; * Warrants * Arrests * Stop and search * Entry and seizure * Charging * Gathering evidence * Preparing a case file to send to the Crown Prosecution Services. Without these activities a case could not lawfully progress to the criminal courts. It is also the role of the police to uncover information in criminal cases that could help establish the facts of the case. Lawful evidence is that it is made available to both the Crown Prosecution Service and the defence. The information uncovered by the police throughout their investigation forms the foundation of the argument in a court. Officers can also be called upon to given evidence in court. Task 4: Fire Service The role of the Fire Service is that of a limited one within the English Legal System. ...read more.


It also means that having one agency responsible for the upholding and administration of the law gives the country a stable knowledge within this agency, creating an easier and more efficient run force. The Army's role is not as important as the Police, but is still vital to the upholding the law. The Army not only has to be responsible for the upholding and administration of the law within the military but also when the Army is out on operations aboard. This can lead to a more public acknowledgement to mistakes made in criminal offences. The Immigration Service's role in the English legal system is not that known, but is still crucial in the application of the law, with asylum seekers for example. By having a separate service to administer the immigration law makes it a more efficient service. However, having a separate service also makes it more difficult for knowledge and information to be passed between the services. For a better and more efficient Legal System, some improvements could be made. By having a national database that all services share information on for example criminal activities and newly released criminals, would make it easier for all services to prevent crime. Also by making it easier and quicker to prosecute criminal would leave more police officers at work, by giving the Police better and more modern equipment such as cameras in the Patrol vehicles would make it easier to prosecute criminals. ...read more.

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