• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Public Service Course

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Unit Title: Law and the Legal System Assessment no: 1 Assessment title: Types of Offence and Courts Introduction This assignment is set out to explain how courts deal with both criminal and civil matters. It is sets out the role of the Police Service, Fire Service and the Army within the English legal system. Task One: There are three types of Criminal offences that the Criminal Courts deal with. The three types of Criminal offence are; * Summary * Either Way * Indictable Summary Offences These are dealt only within the Magistrates Court. They are generally offences that are considered less serious and maximum punishment is six months imprisonment and/or �5,000 fine. Examples of Summary offences are; * Minor assaults * Driving without a insurance * Assault on a Police Officer * Taking without owners consent Either Way Offences Either Way offences can be tried in either the Magistrates or the Crown Court, depending on where the prosecution think is appropriate, what the defendant wishes and the nature of the case involved. The offences included are: * Indecent assault * Making off without payment * Obtaining services by deception * Going equipped for stealing * Handling stolen good * Possession of a controlled drug. Indictable Offences Indictable offences appear firstly in the Magistrates Court, but are tried in the Crown Court. ...read more.

Middle

The Police are heavily involved in crime prevention, working alone, part of multi-agency taskforce and as part of the community. This crime prevention work may cover education on drugs in schools and neighbourhood watch. Police also pay a role in detection of crime. Although members of the public report crimes, by detecting crime and intelligence, some crimes may be prevented and others solved more quickly. Meaning that suspects can be processed more efficiently. The police are responsible for processing offenders these include activities such as; * Warrants * Arrests * Stop and search * Entry and seizure * Charging * Gathering evidence * Preparing a case file to send to the Crown Prosecution Services. Without these activities a case could not lawfully progress to the criminal courts. It is also the role of the police to uncover information in criminal cases that could help establish the facts of the case. Lawful evidence is that it is made available to both the Crown Prosecution Service and the defence. The information uncovered by the police throughout their investigation forms the foundation of the argument in a court. Officers can also be called upon to given evidence in court. Task 4: Fire Service The role of the Fire Service is that of a limited one within the English Legal System. ...read more.

Conclusion

It also means that having one agency responsible for the upholding and administration of the law gives the country a stable knowledge within this agency, creating an easier and more efficient run force. The Army's role is not as important as the Police, but is still vital to the upholding the law. The Army not only has to be responsible for the upholding and administration of the law within the military but also when the Army is out on operations aboard. This can lead to a more public acknowledgement to mistakes made in criminal offences. The Immigration Service's role in the English legal system is not that known, but is still crucial in the application of the law, with asylum seekers for example. By having a separate service to administer the immigration law makes it a more efficient service. However, having a separate service also makes it more difficult for knowledge and information to be passed between the services. For a better and more efficient Legal System, some improvements could be made. By having a national database that all services share information on for example criminal activities and newly released criminals, would make it easier for all services to prevent crime. Also by making it easier and quicker to prosecute criminal would leave more police officers at work, by giving the Police better and more modern equipment such as cameras in the Patrol vehicles would make it easier to prosecute criminals. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Law - Resulting trusts

    4 star(s)

    An argument against such actions came from James Penner13: 'Regarding personalty, the presumption still technically applies. Since, however, it must surely be the case that most gratuitous transfers are intended to be gifts, the presumption should give way to the slightest contrary evidence, including evidence of the surrounding circumstances and

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Police powers

    4 star(s)

    Police are only required to ask the person to remove their outer clothing, if the search has been made in public. Once arrested, a custody officer must tell the detainee of his rights. These include having someone informed of his arrest (section 56 of Police and Criminal Evidence), being told

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Police and Criminal Evidence Acts 1984-provides an effective balance between the powers of ...

    3 star(s)

    fixed by law, * offences for which a person of 21 years of age or over may be sentenced to imprisonment for a term of five years, * conspiring to commit an offence, * attempting to commit an offence, * inciting, aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of an

  2. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    Byrne's conviction for murder was substituted for voluntary manslaughter. R v Lloyd (1976) - He murdered the victim saying he was suffering form uncontrollable impulses Found guilty of murder but appealed on the judge misdirecting the jury but saying "totally irresistible impulses" which related to insanity COA said "there doesn't

  1. Should juvenile offenders be treated differently to adult offenders?

    However it has been 6 or 7 months since ConnectEd intervened and changed his life around" Equality before the law means that all people who come before the law are handled equally despite their individual circumstances. The legislations on juvenile justice take into account the age of criminal responsibility before

  2. Describe the system of trial by jury within the English legal system.

    the area that the case is being heard in, therefore they have a better local knowledge and understanding than a judge so are therefore better able to empathise with the defendant. Also Jurors are randomly selected off the electoral roll, so they are much more likely to be socially representative than a judge.

  1. Worlds Apart: Orientalism, Antifeminism, and Heresy in Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale

    Trevet's narrative also specifies that his Domild intercepts and reads Aella's message and substitutes the counterfeit one she writes herself. Gower, whose interest is to exemplify the evils of envy, not of "mannishness," suppresses Domilde's literal inscription of the letters.

  2. There are two types of trusts , private and public trusts. A private trust ...

    Trusts for the advancement of education 4) Trusts for other purpose beneficial to the community not falling under any of the previous preceding heads. This broad approach has allowed the concept of charity to be modified as times and conditions changed to include not only purposes similar to those set out in the preamble but also purposes

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work