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Stages of a Bill to become an Act of Parliament

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Stages of a Bill to become an Act of Parliament Green Paper This is a consulation document for Law reform. Whenever the government wishes to introduce a bill, it publishes a Green Paper. Then the Labour Government introduced it in 1967. The interested parties send comments to the relevant government department, so necessary changes can be made to the government's proposals. White Paper Following Green Paper, the government will publish a White Paper which is a draft Act of Parliament, with its firm proposals for new law. First Reading This is a formal procedure when the name and main aims of the Bill are read out. ...read more.


The speaker of the House control the debate to ensure all MPs who wish to speak can do so. At the end of the debate the MP will vote the same way as for the First Reading. They walk through the 'division lobby' where commons officials called 'tellers' will physically count them. Committee Stage At this stage a standing committee which will range from sixteen to fifty MPs, the members will usually be those with the special interest in or knowledge of the subject of Bill, which is being considered, undertakes a detailed examination of each clause of the Bill. However for finance Bills the whole House will sit in committee. ...read more.


House of Lords The Bill goes through the same five stages. If the House of Lords make amendments to the Bill, then it will go back to the House of Commons for it to consider those amendments. However, if the House of Commons, under the Parliament Act 1911 and 1949, becomes law if the House of Commons passes it for the second time. Royal Assent The final stage is where the Monach formally gives approval to the Bill and it then becomes an Act of Parliament. This is now a formality and under the Royal Assent Act 1961 the Monach will only have the short title to which she is assenting. ?? ?? ?? ?? Katherine Pettett ...read more.

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