• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aims and principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Module tutor - Stephen Cunningham. The aims and principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. In the decades prior to the national reform of the Poor Law in 1834, the characterisations of the administration were of variety rather than uniformity. The social and economic changes at this time produced many problems for those that were responsible for the social welfare. Many areas throughout the country though found solutions to this problem within the legal frame-work of the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1597-1601. In the initial stages the amendment act was set up to reduce the amount of poor rates that were being paid. In the first ten years of the amendment act the amount of relief being paid was reduced to a national average of four million to five million a year. One of the principles of the amendment act was to encourage the 'poor' to work for what they received because poverty was looked upon as the fault of ...read more.

Middle

The idea of the workhouse was to ensure that the poor did not go in search of relief elsewhere. The way to stop this from happening was to reduce the fifteen thousand parishes into six hundred Poor Law unions. There was a great willingness to keep the poor in one place and so by 1843 there was one hundred and ninety seven thousand one hundred and seventy nine poor incarcerated into the workhouses. The workhouses were often described as bastilles. "I do not agree with those who say that every man must look after himself, and that intervention by the state, will be fatal to his self-reliance, his foresight and his thrift.... It is a mistake to suppose that thrift is caused only by fear; it springs from hope as well as fear. Where there is no hope, be sure there will be no thrift". ...read more.

Conclusion

the saddest thing under the sun.' (http://dspace.dial.pipex.com). Although the New Poor Law did reduce the amount of relief that was paid to individuals, in the long term it created a greater amount of poverty stricken families. It also showed that the New Law was heartless and gave more to the rich than the poor. The hierarchy soon realised that outdoor relief could not be totally abolished, so separate poor law institutions were set up for the young and the sick and in some parishes, boards of guardians paid small weekly amounts to those who were unable to work. 'Two nations: between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other's habits, thoughts and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets; who are formed by a different breeding, are fed by a different food, are ordered by different manners and are not governed by the same laws.' 'You speak of -'said Egremont hesitatingly, 'the rich and the poor.' (Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil 1845, book 2, chapter 5). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. What were the principles underlying the Poor Law Amendment Act and how far did ...

    These people had relied on the aid and assistance of old laws, which many people thought had no place in their new society. The "old Poor Law" was a "ragbag" of laws that had been passed between the ends of the sixteenth and eighteenth century.

  2. Changes at Gressenhall workhouse 1800-1900

    Their ideas succeeded and they made the workhouse an object of fear and deterrent to poor and their ideas reduced the poor law expenditure in their parishes from �1884(1821-2) to �786(1823-4). The royal commission in to poor laws was written by Edwin Chadwick and Nassam senior criticised the poor laws

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    Therefore suggesting diminished responsibility (mental characteristics) The reason the courts are not willing to accept mental characteristics is that this would lead to a blurring of the distinctions between diminished responsibility and provocation. R v Dryden (1995) - Dryden built something and the local authorities were coming to take it down.

  2. Property, Liberty, and the Law

    Stating that, "prevents 'free riding' by compelling someone to pay for a benefit he receives which cost money to the provider, even if the benefit is not sought.

  1. Should Capital Punishment be enforced

    In other words, killing convicted murderers will satisfy the need for justice and or vengeance. One major question to take into consideration when dealing with the capital punishment is, Does capital punishment an effective deterrence for heinous crimes? With some statistics showing that capital punishment does not deter crimes, other statistics show that it does, causing conflicting arguments.

  2. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    3. When the party primarily liable becomes insolvent, the instrument is discharged and the holder cannot make any other prior party liable thereon. Notice that in the case of insolvency, the acceptor or maker is unable to pay and it is only on refusal to pay that the instrument

  1. The Poor Law was a system established since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, ...

    No solution appeared other than the complete abolishment of the poor allowance, which few wanted. Under the allowance system, one could work and receive outdoor relief in the form of cash payments as long as you resided in the parish of your birth.

  2. To What Extent Have the Main Aims of the Land Registration Acts Been Met?

    These statutory provisions, however, provide a significant flaw in the registered system because compensation is not available to every individual who suffers a loss. Under r13 of the Land Registration Rules (1925), minor slips to not require formal rectification. The cases where the register may be rectified are provided by s82.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work