• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aims and principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Module tutor - Stephen Cunningham. The aims and principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. In the decades prior to the national reform of the Poor Law in 1834, the characterisations of the administration were of variety rather than uniformity. The social and economic changes at this time produced many problems for those that were responsible for the social welfare. Many areas throughout the country though found solutions to this problem within the legal frame-work of the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1597-1601. In the initial stages the amendment act was set up to reduce the amount of poor rates that were being paid. In the first ten years of the amendment act the amount of relief being paid was reduced to a national average of four million to five million a year. One of the principles of the amendment act was to encourage the 'poor' to work for what they received because poverty was looked upon as the fault of ...read more.

Middle

The idea of the workhouse was to ensure that the poor did not go in search of relief elsewhere. The way to stop this from happening was to reduce the fifteen thousand parishes into six hundred Poor Law unions. There was a great willingness to keep the poor in one place and so by 1843 there was one hundred and ninety seven thousand one hundred and seventy nine poor incarcerated into the workhouses. The workhouses were often described as bastilles. "I do not agree with those who say that every man must look after himself, and that intervention by the state, will be fatal to his self-reliance, his foresight and his thrift.... It is a mistake to suppose that thrift is caused only by fear; it springs from hope as well as fear. Where there is no hope, be sure there will be no thrift". ...read more.

Conclusion

the saddest thing under the sun.' (http://dspace.dial.pipex.com). Although the New Poor Law did reduce the amount of relief that was paid to individuals, in the long term it created a greater amount of poverty stricken families. It also showed that the New Law was heartless and gave more to the rich than the poor. The hierarchy soon realised that outdoor relief could not be totally abolished, so separate poor law institutions were set up for the young and the sick and in some parishes, boards of guardians paid small weekly amounts to those who were unable to work. 'Two nations: between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other's habits, thoughts and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets; who are formed by a different breeding, are fed by a different food, are ordered by different manners and are not governed by the same laws.' 'You speak of -'said Egremont hesitatingly, 'the rich and the poor.' (Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil 1845, book 2, chapter 5). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Property, Liberty, and the Law

    "No taxation without representation," was the battle cry as patriots dumped English-bought tea into Boston Harbor. The pursuit of property sounds very selfish when taken alone, but when understood in terms of a free market economy, (-6-) Bradley & Quirk and with the anti-trust and anti-monopoly laws on the books,

  2. What were the principles underlying the Poor Law Amendment Act and how far did ...

    The problem that these "undeserving poor" created was the amount of aid that could be given to them. If they were helped too much, they would see no reason to work. The poor who were working and earning their own living would also see no reason to work and may be attracted into an immoral and jobless life.

  1. The New Poor Law Of 1834 Coursework Assignments

    This also displays the extent of the segregation of families in the workhouse. The writer uses the word 'liberty' twice; the word was extensively used during the French revolution as a slogan for freedom. Oastler uses liberty in order to bring forth images of revolution and rebellion.

  2. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    therefore in practice at the very least unlawful actually means criminal and probably criminal that results in harm. R v Franklin (1883) - He threw a machine off the pier into the sea that hit swimmers Charged with unlawful act (trespass to goods)

  1. The Poor Law was a system established since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, ...

    No solution appeared other than the complete abolishment of the poor allowance, which few wanted. Under the allowance system, one could work and receive outdoor relief in the form of cash payments as long as you resided in the parish of your birth.

  2. Worlds Apart: Orientalism, Antifeminism, and Heresy in Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale

    could be called a "heresy": I cannot clearly decide whether the Mohammedan error must be called a heresy and its followers heretics, or whether they are to be called pagans. For I see them, now in the manner of heretics, take certain things from the Christian faith and reject other

  1. How far do these sources confirm the view that the 1834 Poor Law Amendment ...

    The source gives examples of less eligibility where after a briefing Oliver goes 'on a rough hard bed,' where he 'sobbed himself to sleep.' However being fictional it is difficult to use this information solely to suggest the poor law was cruel.

  2. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    Advantages of Noting: Noting is a convenient method of regarding the fact of dishonor. If a suit is subsequently filed in the instrument, the notary public may give evidence about presentment and dishonor. A bill of exchange may be accepted for dishonor and paid for honor after it is noted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work