• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The aims and principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Module tutor - Stephen Cunningham. The aims and principles of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act. In the decades prior to the national reform of the Poor Law in 1834, the characterisations of the administration were of variety rather than uniformity. The social and economic changes at this time produced many problems for those that were responsible for the social welfare. Many areas throughout the country though found solutions to this problem within the legal frame-work of the Elizabethan Poor Law of 1597-1601. In the initial stages the amendment act was set up to reduce the amount of poor rates that were being paid. In the first ten years of the amendment act the amount of relief being paid was reduced to a national average of four million to five million a year. One of the principles of the amendment act was to encourage the 'poor' to work for what they received because poverty was looked upon as the fault of ...read more.

Middle

The idea of the workhouse was to ensure that the poor did not go in search of relief elsewhere. The way to stop this from happening was to reduce the fifteen thousand parishes into six hundred Poor Law unions. There was a great willingness to keep the poor in one place and so by 1843 there was one hundred and ninety seven thousand one hundred and seventy nine poor incarcerated into the workhouses. The workhouses were often described as bastilles. "I do not agree with those who say that every man must look after himself, and that intervention by the state, will be fatal to his self-reliance, his foresight and his thrift.... It is a mistake to suppose that thrift is caused only by fear; it springs from hope as well as fear. Where there is no hope, be sure there will be no thrift". ...read more.

Conclusion

the saddest thing under the sun.' (http://dspace.dial.pipex.com). Although the New Poor Law did reduce the amount of relief that was paid to individuals, in the long term it created a greater amount of poverty stricken families. It also showed that the New Law was heartless and gave more to the rich than the poor. The hierarchy soon realised that outdoor relief could not be totally abolished, so separate poor law institutions were set up for the young and the sick and in some parishes, boards of guardians paid small weekly amounts to those who were unable to work. 'Two nations: between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy; who are as ignorant of each other's habits, thoughts and feelings, as if they were dwellers in different zones, or inhabitants of different planets; who are formed by a different breeding, are fed by a different food, are ordered by different manners and are not governed by the same laws.' 'You speak of -'said Egremont hesitatingly, 'the rich and the poor.' (Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil 1845, book 2, chapter 5). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Study the concept of Reasonable man and reasonability in tort law.

    Negligence is thus a breach of duty or lack of proper care in doing something, in short, it is want of attention and doing of something which a prudent and a reasonable man would not do. State of J. and K.

  2. What were the principles underlying the Poor Law Amendment Act and how far did ...

    These people had relied on the aid and assistance of old laws, which many people thought had no place in their new society. The "old Poor Law" was a "ragbag" of laws that had been passed between the ends of the sixteenth and eighteenth century.

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    "Condition doesn't have to be permanent" "Doesn't need to be a part of your personality" Psychological characteristics The test for provocation is objective; would the jury with the defendant characteristics have suffered from the same sudden ands temporary loss of control?

  2. The Poor Law was a system established since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, ...

    No solution appeared other than the complete abolishment of the poor allowance, which few wanted. Under the allowance system, one could work and receive outdoor relief in the form of cash payments as long as you resided in the parish of your birth.

  1. Property, Liberty, and the Law

    Spin-off companies are companies who simply feed off of others ideas. They wait for companies to come out with new products and then attempt to change these products slightly and patent them for themselves. One of these companies is the European company CropDesign, who carry a highly qualified team of patent law specialists and patent writers.

  2. The Law Relating to Negotiable Instruments

    Therefore, no one is prejudiced for want of notice. [Sec. 98 (f)] 8. Where the party entitled to notice promises to pay unconditionally the amount due under an instrument after dishonor and with full knowledge of facts. [Sec. 98 (g)] Notary Public The notary public is an officer appointed by

  1. Worlds Apart: Orientalism, Antifeminism, and Heresy in Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale

    By their definition as wayward "insiders," heretics, however, evoked a different response. Their insidious proximity to the dominant faith created a dangerous instability that demanded resolution, not complacency or tolerance. Typically, that resolution took one of two forms: the heretic was either reassimilated into the fold or altogether driven from

  2. The New Poor Law Of 1834 Coursework Assignments

    This also displays the extent of the segregation of families in the workhouse. The writer uses the word 'liberty' twice; the word was extensively used during the French revolution as a slogan for freedom. Oastler uses liberty in order to bring forth images of revolution and rebellion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work