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The British Constitution.

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Introduction

The British Constitution The constitution of Britain has traditionally been split between royal prerogative statutes, common law, convention, convention and authoritative opinion. But recent external developments such as the European Union (EU) and the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) have had a strong influence on Britain. The Royal Prerogative are a set of privileges that the Royal family since the Middle Ages. However, as the power of the monarchy declined, the power was now with the Prime minister and his cabinet. Some of the Royal Prerogatives include the powers to declare war, make treaties, issue orders to armed forces and dissolve parliament. ...read more.

Middle

The Haebus Corpus Act (1679) which stated that anyone who has been arrested must be brought before a court for a just trial and The Devolution reforms for Wales and Scotland (1997-98) which allowed the two countries to have their own parliament. In theory, parliament can pass any law it wishes but because of the membership to the EU in 1972, European Law is binding on all member states and therefore takes precedence over domestic law. Common Law is the law made by judges which have been gradually been accepted over a period of time. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is no law saying there must be a cabinet, it only exists by convention. Some conventions of the British Constitution are; The Monarch must not refuse to assent to any law passes by two houses; The Housel of Lords pass financial bills without reviews and the Prime Minister fixes the date of an election and not the party. The EU is a source of the modern constitution. If a legal dispute containing an EU reaches the House of Lords the final court of appeal, there must be an application for a ruling to the European Court of Justice. The introduction of the domestic Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) provides a further constitutional source. ...read more.

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