• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The New Poor Law Of 1834 Coursework Assignments

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The New Poor Law Of 1834 Coursework Assignments Question 3 Study Sources E, F, G, H and I. Use the evidence of these sources, and your knowledge, to explain why there was so much controversy over the workhouse system in the 1830s and 1840s. There was so much controversy in the North because the conditions of the workhouses were far worse than in the South. This was due to the urbanisation of the North, and of the inner city slums that had formed around the growing industrial areas. The workhouses were designed and instructed to have worse conditions than the lowest paid labourer. In most cases this could not be achieved, because the lowest paid labourers were starving and living in a single room with there whole family. Some workhouses had become harsh in the extreme with the aim of having worse conditions than the lowest paid labourer. An example of this extreme harshness can be found at a workhouse in Andover. In 1845, a serious scandal broke out around this workhouse, Parliament investigated the conditions in the workhouse and there was outrage. The men worked by crushing old bones for fertiliser, but they were so starved that they had been eating the marrow from the rotting bones. ...read more.

Middle

But this is not an accurate perception for the drop-off in applications, the reason why there are less people applying is because they have succeeded in applying the workhouse test. 'The behaviour of the poor, the farmers bear testament in their improvement to civility, their greater care to keep, their places', this statement explains that since the introduction of tougher workhouses the poor have been more civil towards there employers. They also take greater care in keeping their jobs, for fear of ending up in a workhouse. Parents would increase 'their efforts to get their children into service'. Service would mean that they would become servants in a manor house; they did this so that their children would not end up in a workhouse. Source G is written by the Earl of Harwicke who shares a similar point of view as the writer in Source F, and is also from the same region, a southern, rural parish. The writer states that 'all farmers that I have spoken with say that they are more respectful and civil in their behaviour'; he compares their attitudes with that when the Speedhamland system was in place. Then, there behaviour and civility was believed to be appalling and that they had no respect for any others. ...read more.

Conclusion

'In 1851 this sum had fallen to below �5million, in spite of the rise of 29% in the population', this shows that the number of paupers would have risen. But the amount of money spent on the poor rates had fallen; this tells us that the number of paupers applying for relief has fallen even though the population had risen. Only the people who were claiming relief had fallen, not the actual number of poor. This implies that the workhouse test had succeeded in deterring the able-bodied poor. This source supports the views of Sources F and G. The workhouse system was harsh, the inmates had to wear uniforms, they had to work for 10hrs a day and they had to eat a sparse, simple menu. They also were under a repetitive routine and strict rule. Although the conditions were not ideal they were designed to help the deserving poor. Humanitarians believed that the workhouses had become too harsh. They questioned whether to help a person it was required to lower there living conditions. The most amount of controversy would be brought forth by Source E; this showed to an extent what really happened in the workhouse system. This would show the public what 'really' went on in the workhouses, whereas the other sources, barring Source H, all supported the workhouse system. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Using actual situations describe the elements of actus

    by the rule against double jeopardy and may be prosecuted again on the same or a related charge. Reprieve, in criminal law, the temporary suspension of a sentence, such as a stay of execution (in countries that have retained the death penalty), granted a person convicted of a capital crime.

  2. Property, Liberty, and the Law

    US patent law has a long history, dating back to 1790. The original patent law was a primitive one, but we see the importance of this idea simply through the fact that the framers of the Constitution would think to include such a clause.

  1. Study the concept of Reasonable man and reasonability in tort law.

    This is exemplified in issues like 'egg shell skull theory' where it is said that the person is unreasonable. While deciding this unreasonableness the comparison of the hypothetical reasonable man does not take place. It is for this reason that the concept of reasonable man has maximum weightage only in the issue of negligence.

  2. Was The New Poor Law A Success Or A Failure?

    when there was an economic slump). They felt that when a slump occurred, it would be easier to give outdoor relief rather than to go into a workhouse for a week or two. This meant that outdoor relief was never fully abolished, with some areas of Yorkshire and Lancashire never introducing the New Poor Law.

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    1990 - Put acid in hairdryer - indirect battery MR. - DIRECT or OBLIQUE INTENTION or SUBJECTIVE RECKLESSNESS Key words used by the courts for battery - 'Trifling, injuries - broken fingernail- standard.' Timberville v Savage 1669 - Put hand on sword and threatened the person - 'If I wasn't for the magistrates.

  2. The Poor Law was a system established since the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, ...

    The administration of the Poor relief and contracts for Poor Law work for supplying food, were awarded to local tradesmen rather than put to open tender. Overseers were the ones who would determine who was 'deserving' and who was 'undeserving'.

  1. Worlds Apart: Orientalism, Antifeminism, and Heresy in Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale

    and of the subsequent birth of Maurice, the Man of Law pairs the scene in which Donegild employs a traditionally masculine agent--the phallic pen--to enact her own desires and "de-paternalize" her son by misleading him into thinking Maurice was fathered by a demon.

  2. How far do these sources confirm the view that the 1834 Poor Law Amendment ...

    The source also states how workers were 'being starved by a gradual process in the house.' If true this shows genuine cruelty. This can be further seen in the diet shown in source 4. This shows a highly monotonous diet which is small in quantity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work