• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Law
  • Word count: 2500

There are four different types of law, criminal, civil, common and statuate. In this first task I will explain briefly each one.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Task 1 There are four different types of law, criminal, civil, common and statuate. In this first task I will explain briefly each one: Criminal Law: This is the kind of law that the police enforce. Murder, assault, robbery and rape are all included within the boundaries of criminal law. A good way in which to summarise which offences come under criminal law is 'an offence which is seen as being against everybody, even though it is not'. For example if a car is stolen, then the theft is against the individual, but it threatens all car owners because they might have their car stolen. Because the view is taken that everybody is threatened by the crime, criminal law is dealt with by the public services and not by private layers or investigators. Civil Law: Civil law has many different areas enclosed in it. Examples that come under this law are legal rights, such as a right to an education or to a trade union membership and divorce problems, such as how the furniture is split between the couple and who receives custody of the children. The best way to describe it is that it looks at actions that are not crimes. In civil law it is up to the individuals to sort out their own problems by going to court themselves, or with a lawyer. Where in criminal law the state makes sure that justice is done weather the defendant wants to go to court or not. ...read more.

Middle

The magistrates will enter; there could be I magistrate or three depending on what happens. One magistrate is called a stipendiary how is paid for his or her job and has a better understanding of law. If there are three magistrates then this is called a lay bench that consists of three unqualified individuals that haven't a great understanding of law, so they have to be advised by a clerk. Lay bench magistrates are not paid. From then the court proceedings will be quite straightforward. Initially the usher will lead the first witness to the witness box where he or she will ask then to place there right hand on a holy book and reciting an oath to say that you will tell the truth in court. Then the prosecuting lawyer will ask the witness questions followed by the defence lawyer. After all of the witnesses have been questioned the court will then adjourn for the magistrates to form the punishment. If it is a lay bench then the clerk, who has a greater understanding of law, will accompany them to help them come to the right decision. When the court re-adjourns the magistrates will give their punishment, which could be anything for a small fine to six months in prison. So now that you have wrote this letter I hope that you feel more secure about what will happen at your trial. ...read more.

Conclusion

Then the barristers, who have degrees in law and additional training, and their solicitors, who do the paperwork for the barristers, both the defence and the prosecuting will enter and be seated. The whole court will rise as the judge enters to take his seat; the judge has a very high understanding of law because to become a judge you need to have been a barrister first. The judge is there to make sure that the law is upheld and to direct the jury if necessary, but his most important job is that he or she will have to find the best possible punishment for the accused if they are found guilty. From there the first witness will be lead in and shown to the witness box by the usher, were they will have to place there right hand upon a holy book and recite an oath that is to stop them from lying to the court. First the prosecuting barrister will be the first to question the witness about what happened followed by the defence lawyer. Once all of the witnesses have been seen then the court will adjourn for the judge to make his decision. When the court re-adjourns the judge will give his verdict which could mean that the accused will either be lead to the cells if guilty, or set free if innocent. Yours Sincerely JOSH BENTHAM 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Distinguish Criminal law from Civil law in the English Legal System. Outline the jurisdiction ...

    4 star(s)

    There should only be one route of appeal from the magistrates (to the crown court, with leave) and the grounds for appeal should be the same as the restricted grounds for appeal from the crown court to the court of appeal.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Police and Criminal Evidence Acts 1984-provides an effective balance between the powers of ...

    3 star(s)

    The police officer must have reasonable grounds for stopping a suspect. This prevents officers randomly disrupting people without reason. Reasonable force may then be used to detain the suspect for the search if necessary, the police need this power, without it a suspect could physically resist taking part in a search.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Judicial precedent.

    3 star(s)

    They are normally bound by their own decisions. In civil cases the divisional courts of the High Courts have treated the rule of Young and Bristol Aeroplane Company as equally applicable to them.

  2. The Difference between Civil Law and Criminal Law

    can be held liable for a victim's wrongful death in a civil trial. The first step to understanding this seeming contradiction is to know that a criminal prosecution involves different laws, a different court system, and different burdens of proof.

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    Extend murder to include not only intention but extreme recklessness 3. Make different degrees of murder available 4. The mandatory life sentence abolished - This would favor judges as the mandatory life sentence restricts their freedom and expertise in sentencing - It is the most likely one to come into force.

  2. Describe the main differences between solicitors and barristers with regard to training and work ...

    But the fusion of the two professions also has its advantages, which is why there has been argument about keeping the divided professions or fusing them into one single profession. There are many advantages of fusion in the English legal system.

  1. There are two types of trusts , private and public trusts. A private trust ...

    There are a number of new charities that come within the fourth head. However under this head public and community benefit must be proved, as it is not assumed. It is entirely up to the court/ Charity commissioners to decide from the evidence which purpose is admissible or relevant, whether

  2. It is a matter of record there is no such thing as a right ...

    stating untruthfully that she did not take drugs she rendered it legitimate for the media to correct this. By this point her only complaint was the disclosure of the details of the treatment. The issue faced by the court then was whether the details of her treatment were so trivial that they warranted protection by the court.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work