Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Law
  • Document length: 2500 words

There are four different types of law, criminal, civil, common and statuate. In this first task I will explain briefly each one.

Do not show me this again

Are you in the right place?

Jump to Law and see how teachers think you should prepare in:

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Task 1 There are four different types of law, criminal, civil, common and statuate. In this first task I will explain briefly each one: Criminal Law: This is the kind of law that the police enforce. Murder, assault, robbery and rape are all included within the boundaries of criminal law. A good way in which to summarise which offences come under criminal law is 'an offence which is seen as being against everybody, even though it is not'. For example if a car is stolen, then the theft is against the individual, but it threatens all car owners because they might have their car stolen. Because the view is taken that everybody is threatened by the crime, criminal law is dealt with by the public services and not by private layers or investigators. Civil Law: Civil law has many different areas enclosed in it. Examples that come under this law are legal rights, such as a right to an education or to a trade union membership and divorce problems, such as how the furniture is split between the couple and who receives custody of the children. The best way to describe it is that it looks at actions that are not crimes. In civil law it is up to the individuals to sort out their own problems by going to court themselves, or with a lawyer. Where in criminal law the state makes sure that justice is done weather the defendant wants to go to court or not.

Middle

The magistrates will enter; there could be I magistrate or three depending on what happens. One magistrate is called a stipendiary how is paid for his or her job and has a better understanding of law. If there are three magistrates then this is called a lay bench that consists of three unqualified individuals that haven't a great understanding of law, so they have to be advised by a clerk. Lay bench magistrates are not paid. From then the court proceedings will be quite straightforward. Initially the usher will lead the first witness to the witness box where he or she will ask then to place there right hand on a holy book and reciting an oath to say that you will tell the truth in court. Then the prosecuting lawyer will ask the witness questions followed by the defence lawyer. After all of the witnesses have been questioned the court will then adjourn for the magistrates to form the punishment. If it is a lay bench then the clerk, who has a greater understanding of law, will accompany them to help them come to the right decision. When the court re-adjourns the magistrates will give their punishment, which could be anything for a small fine to six months in prison. So now that you have wrote this letter I hope that you feel more secure about what will happen at your trial.

Conclusion

Then the barristers, who have degrees in law and additional training, and their solicitors, who do the paperwork for the barristers, both the defence and the prosecuting will enter and be seated. The whole court will rise as the judge enters to take his seat; the judge has a very high understanding of law because to become a judge you need to have been a barrister first. The judge is there to make sure that the law is upheld and to direct the jury if necessary, but his most important job is that he or she will have to find the best possible punishment for the accused if they are found guilty. From there the first witness will be lead in and shown to the witness box by the usher, were they will have to place there right hand upon a holy book and recite an oath that is to stop them from lying to the court. First the prosecuting barrister will be the first to question the witness about what happened followed by the defence lawyer. Once all of the witnesses have been seen then the court will adjourn for the judge to make his decision. When the court re-adjourns the judge will give his verdict which could mean that the accused will either be lead to the cells if guilty, or set free if innocent. Yours Sincerely JOSH BENTHAM 1

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Law essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Police and Criminal Evidence Acts 1984-provides an effective balance between the powers of ...

    3 star(s)

    This will be tape-recorded. You are entitled to have your legal representative present during the interview. At the start of the interview, you must be reminded of this right, and cautioned. The caution states that you do not have to say anything unless you wish to do so, and that what you say may be given in evidence at court.

  2. Explain the need for discipline in at least two public services. Analyse the role ...

    These rules and regulations may be in accordance to legal regulations or just rules within that service regarding things such as uniform and punctuality. An example of rules and regulations affecting how they perform their roles are the guidelines for Stop and Search this is included in PACE (the Police and Criminal Evidence Act).

  1. Criminal Law (Offences against the person) - revision notes

    Bedder was convicted. He appealed and the HOL upheld the conviction as at the time it could not change its mind. This case created a lot of interest and the only way to redress it was the framing of a statute of law.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Distinguish Criminal law from Civil law in the English Legal System. Outline the jurisdiction ...

    4 star(s)

    The Chancery Division evolved from the old Court of Chancery, which specialised in equity matters - trusts, mortgages - but now includes wills, company law and partnership law. There are special courts dealing with Companies, Bankruptcy and, more recently, a Patents Court.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Judicial precedent.

    3 star(s)

    ( Decisions of commonwealth courts. ( Decisions of Scottish or Irish courts even thought they are not part of the English legal system. (Decisions of courts inferior to that hearing the case. 12. In return to judicial precedent explain the meaning of the following terms; (Distinguish; where the facts of the case before the judge

  2. There are two types of trusts , private and public trusts. A private trust ...

    There are a number of new charities that come within the fourth head. However under this head public and community benefit must be proved, as it is not assumed. It is entirely up to the court/ Charity commissioners to decide from the evidence which purpose is admissible or relevant, whether

  1. Describe the main differences between solicitors and barristers with regard to training and work ...

    The main advantage of fusing the two professions is it reduces the costs that a client has to pay to have their case represented. Currently a client has to pay two fees, one for their solicitor the other for their barrister as it is usually necessary to hire both, the

  2. The purpose of this assignment is to be able to understand the role purpose ...

    hopefully, when they mature and become responsible adults themselves, the area will have a more pleasant, low crime rate, reputation. Most anti-terrorist work is conducted by a department of the force know as Special Branch. Special Branch was formed in 1883 by the Metropolitan Police Force (London)

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.

Do not show me this again

Are you in the right place?

Jump to Law and see how teachers think you should prepare in: