• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 4199

A British national broadsheet newspaper on the same day, with the same topic will have on average, more letters per word than a tabloid newspaper.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Statistical Investigation into Newspapers Introduction There are many different kinds of newspapers for sale, which cater for the diverse range of readers' preferences. These range from the more descriptive and complicated broadsheet newspapers, to the less so serious styles of the tabloids. In addition, the style varies accordingly between the levels of the newspapers, for example, it is common knowledge that the broadsheet newspapers are more descriptive, and is harder to understand because of its longer words. While tabloids are easier, to read as it makes used of shorter words and the topics reported are often done so in a light style and depth. Specify and Plan Aim My aim, is based on the hypothesis that: This aim is to prove the common belief that broadsheet newspaper uses longer words than a tabloid one, which may lead to the conclusion that by the use of longer words a more complex vocabulary and sentence structure may occur. Which leads to the complexity of reading it, while a tabloid uses shorter words to get the information across, it also shows the readability of the different newspapers. In my further investigation (once I have finished my primary objectives), I will be analysing any correlation between the average lengths of words and sentences within articles. This stems from an intriguing theory, which I would like to prove or disapprove: do longer sentences mean that there are longer words in it or is it because there is a large number of small words in it? Original Aim Objectives * To collect data (100 randomly selected words) on the number of letters per word in both a tabloid and a broadsheet paper, from a similar article. The random selection of words, will consist of taking a random number from the calculator by using the random number generator. This number will be used as a starting point (e.g. the fourth word) ...read more.

Middle

687 Sigma (xf) 433 * MEAN To find the mean of the words of the 2 newspapers to compare the 2 word lengths and therefore proving that the original hypothesis is correct, I will have to divide the (xf) number by (n), and since there is 100 samples from each newspaper, we just have to divide the (xf) figure by 100. Therefore: Mean word length for The Times: 6.87 letters per word (687/100) Mean word length for The Mirror: 4.33 letters per word (433/100) Information from the frequency tables was used to plot the frequency polygon graph (next page), the graph clearly shows us that THE MIRROR had bunching of letters in the 2-6 letter word range (it is skewed to the left). The TIMES however was more evenly spread out and is roughly uni-modal. I used this technique because, I felt that this was the best summary value to use. * RANGE The range of the MIRROR is 9-1=8, which suggests that the figures are all bunched together in the 8-letter difference between the first and the last. The TIMES has a range of 12, which tells us that it has long words in it, longer than the MIRROR's. Also I have plotted on the frequency polygon are a set of box plots, this is useful because they show that for the MIRROR, its most part of its words are consisted of less than 6 letters. In the TIMES however, the majority is over 4 words (75%). CONFIDENCE To calculate the confidence limit (to see how close your sample mean is to the real mean): 100 samples= (n) Mean word length (x bar) = 4.33 (the MIRROR) Standard Deviation (s) = V ( Sigma x2 - mean2) = 3.6 (1dp) No. of words Standard error of sample mean: SE(x bar) = s / Vn = 3.596/10 = 0.4 (1 standard error level) Therefore, we can conclude that the real mean lies within 1 standard error level of our sample mean (4 - 4.7) ...read more.

Conclusion

In order to improve, I could try and do this in a wider sample base (around at least 100 different articles) as described by the miserable failure of the 19 word sentence, which shows one thing, randomness doesn't always work, therefore I might consider stratified sampling, therefore getting a part of everything. Perhaps it would be good as well to do sampling of subject content instead of a source content (which showed me that in the Independent, that they might have studied together or that the editors are very consistent-see above for more details). This would cover more texts and could help further improve my new hypothesis (if I have time to do it) whether there is a certain style specific to a type of profession. Also it would be interesting to find out about reporters who are freelancers and work for different newspapers, whether they change their style with the newspaper and if so, what is the change? I could also do a project on the changing writing styles of an establishment, over the years through the archive systems in the newspaper websites. Seeing how the word lengths and sentence length matters. Notice that there is an anomaly in the 21st Mean sentence length, where it is deviant of the main correlation by about 3 words for the mean sentence length, or 0.25 of a letter in the mean word length axis. This is although an infinitesimal small deviation, shows that there truly is an powerful correlation. However, I have to say that a possibility for no 19 word sentence appearing is that, the sentence length are all mean and therefore, even if I have got a 19 word sentence, it is not mean for the whole article. And finally, I should make the investigation more fair, by using tabloids as well as broadsheet papers, so therefore if I am going to improve this investigation, I will try different kinds of newspapers and other things as said above. Appendix The Independent website for the 30+ articles that I sampled is at: www.theindependent.co.uk Philip Xiu GCSE Maths Statistics Coursework - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. GCSE Statistics Coursework

    I could have used it in place of random sampling for choosing the words however it was much simpler to use the graphics calculator for random sampling. Cluster Sampling: - I did not use cluster sampling because there was no use for it.

  2. Maths Statistics Coursework on the Readability of a Tabloid Newspaper Compared to a Broadsheet

    I will display this data in a table and then show my results in a pie chart for each pair of articles. I will then find the percentage of the three articles put together and display it in another pie chart which will make for easy comparability between the Tabloid and the Broadsheet.

  1. Microsoft Word Facilities

    Columns, Tabs are also a formatting feature, which allows you to arrange text in a different ways and allow you to line up text. Columns are best used when you require a lot of information to be on one page and are best used for newspaper articles or menus.

  2. Critically discuss the current role of phonics and whole word teaching methods in the ...

    Much of the controversy seems like a reflection of the indefensible position that beginning reading must be either phonics-based or meaning-based, often expressed as the "phonics vs. whole language" debate. This assignment aims to firstly distinguish and look into depth on both extremes of phonics and whole words teaching methods

  1. Compare a modern romantic comedy with a very old romantic comedy - Compare word ...

    I am now going to calculate a 90% and 95% confidence intervals so I can compare the two. 1.65 ? 1.65 6.5 ? 1.96 x 2.3 ?70 This tells me that I can be 95% confident that the population mean lies between 5.96 and 7.04 I am now going to calculate a 99% confidence interval because 2.575 ?

  2. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    so slowly compared to the controls as he has difficulty tracking the position of the words on the page making the reading of paragraphs difficult as there are several lines of words on the page which compete for AM's attention resulting in his slow and effortful reading.

  1. Differences between a broadsheet newspaper, such as the Daily Telegraph, and a tabloid newspaper ...

    TABLOID Paragraphs No. Of words in paragraph (f) No, X frequency (fx) Cumulative Frequency 1 40 40 40 2 52 104 92 3 44 132 136 4 41 164 177 5 26 130 203 6 53 318 256 7 44 308 300 8 23 184 323 9 40 360 363 10 41 410 404 11 24 264 428

  2. Word Spread of newspaper articles

    The box plots that I have drawn show that the tabloid is the hardest newspaper to read. This is because the spread starts at 2.3 and ends at 5.6 and the median is 3.6. The quality newspaper box plot spread starts at 1.7 and ends at 5 and the median is 2.9.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work