• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyzing Style

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyzing Style

In

Literature

        The style of a piece is a function of the writer’s craft or the techniques used by the writer to communicate his ideas.  To discuss the style of work of literature, consider the diction (vocabulary choices), the syntax (sentence construction) and the tone (author’s attitude toward the subject and the reader).

  1. DICTION:  When analyzing diction, consider the following:

  • figurative language (use of simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, allusion, irony, metonymy, symbolism)
  • abstract or concrete words
  • denotative or connotative words
  • monosyllabic or polysyllabic words
  • archaic diction
  • formal or colloquial English
  • slang, clichés, idioms, foreign phrases
  • sound effects:  onomatopoeia, alliteration, euphony, cacophy
  • jargon, technical language
  1. SYNTAX:  Sentence structure and Rhetorical Devices
  • long or short sentences
  • loose or periodic sentences
  • balanced sentences
  • parallel sentences
  • rhetorical questions
  • syntactic inversion
  • epigram
  • paradox
  • climactic sentences
  • Methods of achieving emphasis:
  1. Repetition
  2. Climactic order
  3. Periodic sentences
  4. Short sentences
  5. Active rather than passive verbs
  6. Parallel structures and balanced sentences
  7. Antithesis
  8. Chiasmus
  1. TONE – analysis of the author’s attitude toward the subject and the reader

  • sincere, genuine, honest
  • satirical, ironic, sarcastic, sardonic
  • whimsical, light, humourous, wry, mock-serious
  • nostalgic
  • didactic
  • objective, reporting, detached, scientific
  • morose, sad, pensive, melancholy
  • sentimental, gentle, tender, maudlin
  • impassioned, angry, indignant, vehement
  • colloquial, folksy, hearty, conversational, friendly, chummy, chatty, intimate
  • serious, formal, dignified, lofty
  • polite, courteous, deferential, reverent
...read more.

Middle

Euphony – certain words are combines to give a pleasing effect.  Eg. And moveless fish in the water gleam, cool blue umbrellas

Cacophony – harsh sounding words. Eg. Stark black crabs scrape barnacles.

Archaic – words no longer used, or words used with a meaning that is no longer accepted.  Eg.  Thou dost,  methought

Colloquial – conversational, informal, comfortable, everyday ways of saying something

Eg.  Formal:  I have a great appetite.      Colloquial:  I’m hungry.  

Formal -  I am very pleased to make your acquaintance.  Colloquial:  Glad to meet you.

Abstract – words which have no tangible referent; that is, which refer to things which cannot be perceived by the senses.  Eg. Hope, love, democracy, adolescence, education, success, sensitivity, freedom.

Slang – faddish expressions which are considered non-standard English.  Idioms are a form of slang, specific to a region, province, town, etc.  Eg.  Uptight, hang-up, groupie, mod, right-on, gotcha, “that’s lame”.

Cliché – a trite, hackneyed, overworked expression such as “all’s well that end well”, “last but not least”, “pitter patter of little feet”.

Jargon – overly wordy, “in-group” way of saying something.

...read more.

Conclusion

Oxymoron – a device in which the idea is expressed in words or phrases usually considered contradictory.  Eg.  “an open secret”

Irony – always involved some sort of discrepancy or incongruity between the expected and what happens, between what is said and what is meant, between the supposed and the actual, etc

Balanced Sentence – symmetry in sentence structure with the clauses on either side of a coordinate conjunction (but, and yet) being approximately equal grammatically.

        Eg – He could not love her, yet he could not hate her.

Parallel Structure – Balancing one statement against another in words, clauses or phrases of similar length and grammatical structure.

        Eg. “I do not doubt by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and by your valour in the field, we shall shortly have a famous victory over the enemies of my God, of my kingdom, and of my people.”

Euphemism – a substitution or a less distasteful word or expression for the harsh or unpleasant truth.

        Eg. “He was under the influence of liquor.”

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Features explaining the effectiveness of the spoken sermon and features demonstrating subtleties of communication ...

    from a foreknown reason; each time this is employed the meaning of an otherwise inconspicuous utterance is expounded to an extent. The first example is in line 7, where the speaker raises the tone of his voice noticeably at the innocuous verb "say".

  2. Introduction to English language.

    For example, toilet is usually classified as a noun. But UK primary school teachers often speak of toileting children (I had to toilet John twice today). In describing such a sentence, you should be guided by the internal grammar of the sentence (syntax)

  1. When is it suitable to use slang and what effect does it have?

    Slang is not only used on television but also in the real world as all around us we see slang taking place e.g. when we speak to our peers, on the street in the playground etc. although it is used in most situations it is not always appropriate as you

  2. I have always found it fascinating how the English language is built up and ...

    As r: 0.9362 > 0.2589, H0 is rejected. The difference between the critical value and the correlation coefficient is great, this indicates a very strong correlation between the two data samples. As the alternative hypothesis (H1) is accepted, my premise is correct.

  1. English Morphology and Syntax.

    depose - 'de' is a prefix g. active - 'ive' is a suffix h. repackage - 're' is a prefix - 'age' is a suffix i. forcefully - 'fully' is a suffix j. behead - 'be' is a prefix k.

  2. Investigation of a simple pendulum and what effects it the time period?

    From my graph, it easy to find any formula or experimental results, using the lines of best fit. e.g. Formula experimental Length of string 47cm time = 1.4s 1.46 Length of string 33cm time = 1.16s 1.24s Formula experimental Time period 0.44s length of string = 7cm 6cm Time period

  1. Choose some newspapers, analyze their content and style and make comparisons.

    I will then use this to take a stratified sample of sentences from about three categories. This will help me evaluate the readability of each newspaper, taking into consideration the inevitable differences in various categories, thus avoiding bias. I will then examine these samples and find the averages and the standard deviation.

  2. Poets use diction to express a thought or to translate a message.

    Nevertheless with fame on the mind this loss cannot be regained, as everything must be hurried for a Monday to work and gain fame.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work