• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 2547

'Broad-sheets are more difficult to read as tabloid newspapers' discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Maths Coursework: Statistics

Different newspapers are written to suit different preferences. Tabloids are a lighter read whereas broad-sheets involve more ‘serious’ and detailed articles.

My hypothesis is that broad-sheets are more difficult to read as tabloid newspapers summarise events using less profound wording, which makes articles more easily understood than broad-sheet articles. Tabloids also try to attract and hold the attention of the reader more.

To see whether my hypothesis is true, I will have to compare statistically certain data between a broad-sheet newspaper and a tabloid newspaper concerning articles on similar topics and the size of certain varying texts.

The difficulty of the reading can be measured by certain factors: word length, sentence length, paragraph length, article length, the time taken to read an article, area of article on page, area of headline on page etc… I have decided, for the experiment, I will compare word length– the amount of letters in a word; sentence length– the amount of words in a sentence; and percentage area of headline text that makes up the newspaper page excluding margins, pictures and other texts. I have chosen these three factors as the longer the word or sentence, the more concentration is needed to read and focus on what is being said. However, the percentage area of a headline is to prove how much of the newspaper is dedicated to actual text, therefore more concentration is required, instead of just trying to attract attention to the actual newspaper on news-stands etc, not the news it consists.

...read more.

Middle

0

4

14

1

0

0

1

= 4.76                                        = 2.58

Comparison of results

Mean

Standard Deviation

Daily Mail

4.61

2.49

The Independent

4.76

2.58

As there is not a big difference between the word length of both newspapers, I shall draw a frequency diagram. A bar graph will be sketched to show the frequency of each newspaper’s word length using the total frequency of all 3 article’s data from each newspaper.

Sentence length

Grouped frequency tables:

Cumulative frequency is found by adding each frequency to each other, it is the running total of the frequency.

The mid point is found through the class width. We can only estimate the mean by using the mid point as an estimate of how many words there are in one sentence of the Daily Mail or The Independent.

The Daily Mail: the number of words in every sentence that make up the 3 articles sampled.

Class width of No. of words in sentence

Tally

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

Mid point

1 – 5

1

1

3

6 – 10

13

14

8

11 – 15

14

28

13

16 – 20

15

43

18

21 – 25

16

59

23

26 – 30

6

65

28

31 – 35

7

72

33

36 – 40

4

76

38

41 – 45

3

79

43

The Independent: the number of words in every sentence that makes up the 3 articles sampled.

Class width of No. of words in sentence

Tally

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

Mid point

1 – 5

0

0

3

6 – 10

5

5

8

11 – 15

7

12

13

16 – 20

12

24

18

21 – 25

14

38

23

26 – 30

9

47

28

31 – 35

13

60

33

36 – 40

4

64

38

41 – 45

6

70

43

46 – 50

2

72

48

51 – 55

2

74

53

Firstly, I will draw a cumulative frequency graph that accumulates the frequencies. I can use this to estimate the median as well as the Inter-quartile ranges. Using the same information, I will draw a frequency polygon by plotting the mid-point against the frequency.

Area and percentage area of headlines

When calculating the area of the headline, I will measure 9 headlines per paper. One headline per page for the first three pages of both news papers as well as the first three pages of the finance and sport sections. I shall ignore pages made up entirely of adverts or article word text, and simply use the next page as an example. The pages that share a headline like so:

When the area of the headline has been calculated, I shall divide it by 2 so that the 2 pages will share the same headline area and its percentage, though counting each page singularly. To calculate the percentage of the headline area: (headline area ÷ page area) x 100%.

The Daily Mail:

Total area of page = 985.5 cm²

                     986 cm²

100% = 986 cm²

Newspaper Section

General News

Finance

Sport

Pg. Number

Area

% Area

Area

% Area

Area

% Area

1

152.3cm²

15.5

2

152cm²

15.4

3

173.2cm²

17.6

75

88.4cm²

9

77

100.9cm²

10.2

78

86.3cm²

8.8

85

129.6cm²

13.1

86

78.3cm²

7.9

87

87cm²

8.8

...read more.

Conclusion

The Independent: % area                mean = 4.77cm²                standard deviation = 1.65

Daily Mail: actual area                mean = 116.4cm²                standard deviation = 33.67

Daily Mail: % area                mean = 11.81cm²                standard deviation = 3.43

From both the actual area and percentage area, it is obvious that the Daily Mail dedicates more of its page area to attention grabbing headlines than actual article text that informs. The histograms show this with the absence of The Independent data on certain scales of area.

From the histogram, we can find the probability of Headlines making certain proportions of the page as the area of each rectangle on the histogram relates to frequency.

Probability (Event) = frequency of event ÷ total frequencies.

Actual area

Probability = area of event rectangle ÷ total area

The Independent:

Probability (area between 90cm² and 150cm²)

                         = 5

Probability (> 120cm²) = 1 – 5 = 1

Daily Mail:

Probability (area between 90cm² and 150cm²)

                        = 2

Probability (> 120 cm²) = 1 – 2 = 2

These examples also show that the Daily Mail takes up more headline space.

My prediction was correct, my conclusion of all results support that The Independent uses more complicated language which requires more concentration which encourages difficulty whereas the Daily Mail’s page area is made up of more headlines than The Independent, suggesting that it attracts your attention to an attractive headline leading to read the less detailed article with interest. As the sentence length is smaller, it encourages easier reading and the reader continues read the article.

However, the conclusion is based on a very small sample of only 2 examples of braod sheet and tabloid newspapers. If more time was permitted, a wider investigation could have been performed with more examples of newspapers, investigating the size of photographs or pictures and seeing if there was any correlation between the size of pictures and sentence length etc.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. GCSE Statistics Coursework

    However from the normal distribution diagram it is evident that the Daily Mirror generally uses longer words. Conclusion of Hypothesis Three: - The Spearmans rank correlation for Daily Mail was 0.58 (2 d.p) which means there was a slight positive correlation between the headline and text.

  2. 'The Seed Shop' by Muriel Stewart is a poem I read recently in which ...

    This idea is again used in the second stanza in the line 'in this brown husk, a dale of hawthorn dreams'; the word 'husk', meaning a shell, having connotations of an outer covering concealing something within.

  1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    he scores 80/80 on the image ability and frequency reading task and 37/40 on the spelling task. Both scores are above average for a normal control. Scores on letter length reading and spelling tasks are slightly below a normal average by 1 mark which would suggest letter length of a

  2. Introduction to English language.

    These could include predeterminers, determiners, postdeterminers, premodifiers and postmodifiers. The examples in the table below show how noun phrases can grow in length, while their structure remains fairly clear. Noun Phrases Noun phrase structure Verb phrase Predeterminer Determiner Postdeterminer Premodifier Head Postmodifier (not part of noun phrase) Buns are for sale.

  1. Statistically comparing books

    326 25 86 23 335 26 3 0 346 27 25 9 349 27 32 9 358 28 29 7 379 29 20 5 384 29 18 4 393 30 63 34 402 31 83 23 411 32 3 0 421 33 16 7 427 34 48 14 449 35

  2. How well can you estimate the length of an object?

    I will now draw 2 histograms from my results. I will construct 2 further tables to help me find an estimate of the mean and standard deviation. Year 7 Length (m) Frequency (f) Mid point (x) fx fx2 0.75 ?

  1. The hypotheses are: 1. Broadsheet newspapers have longer words ...

    However, if they don't they will be inconclusive and therefore will disprove the hypothesis. I will also be able to tell if the results are true by looking at the graphs and charts and comparing them. If the broadsheets lower quartile exceeds the tabloids median this also gives us the impression that hypothesis 1 is true.

  2. Which paper is easier to read, the tabloid, or the broadsheet?

    The difference between the estimated mean was greater than that of the actual mean. The broadsheet had the higher mean at 28.84 compared to the tabloid - 21.61. This supports my hypothesis because the higher mean points out that; on average that paper has larger amounts of words per sentence, which may make the paper harder to read on average.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work