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Compare two different articles, between their word length and their sentence length, one being a Tabloid Newspaper, and the other being a Broadsheet.

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Introduction

image00.png

By Simon Lee 10ah

Aim: -

In my maths coursework, my aim is to compare two different articles, between their word length and their sentence length, one being a Tabloid Newspaper, and the other being a Broadsheet. I will look at “The Sun” and the “The Diary Express” is because the newspapers are aimed at different people. The Sun is mostly aimed at young teenagers and couple whilst The Diary Express is aimed at older people such as the elderly. I will then analyse this using graphs and afterwards I will comment on both articles.

Hypothesis: -

  • I believe that The Diary Express will have longer sentences than The Sun.
  • I believe also, that The Diary Express will have longer words than the Tabloid; this is because I believe that Broadsheets have a wider vocabulary, than tabloids, which will have shorter words, for younger people.

I will choose two articles that are related to the same subject. This can have an affect on the investigation is because that, any subject can change the style of language and vocabulary, then the investigation won’t be fair, and reliable.

I will choose at least one hundred words or more in my investigation. I will pick ten or more words in each column, to get a more spread out result.

...read more.

Middle

12.11

121.1

2

22

-2.48

6.15

135.3

3

38

-1.48

2.19

83.22

4

25

-0.48

0.2304

5.76

5

14

0.52

0.2704

3.7856

6

13

1.52

2.31

30.03

7

20

2.52

6.35

127

8

9

3.52

12.39

111.51

9

3

4.52

20.43

61.29

10

4

5.52

30.47

121.88

11

1

6.52

42.51

42.51

12

1

7.52

56.55

56.55

Data Value

Frequency For Daily Express

(x-x)

(x-x)

Frequency (x-x)

1

5

-3.98

15.84

7.92

2

20

-2.98

8.88

177.6

3

33

-1.98

3.92

129.36

4

27

-0.98

0.9604

25.9308

5

14

0.02

0.0004

0.0056

6

18

1.02

1.0404

18.7272

7

13

2.02

4.0804

53.0452

8

12

3.02

9.1204

109.4448

9

3

4.02

16.1604

48.4812

10

12

5.02

25.2004

302.404

11

3

6.02

36.2404

108.7212

12

0

image04.png

I have now finished the investigation for word length.

        Now I am starting sentence length. As you can see below, the stem and leaf diagram showing my data collection. I did this by choosing sentences throughout the article, and counting how many words in a sentence.

My hypothesis for sentence length:

  • I believe that The Diary Express will have longer sentences than The Sun.
...read more.

Conclusion

Sentence Length:

Again from my cumulative frequency diagram, there are a lot of differences between the diagrams and the box and whisker plots. The sun has got a smaller upper, lower and interquartile. The cumulative frequency curve for the tabloids is steeper than the broadsheets, showing that the broadsheets have longer words.

Overall Conclusion:

I have found out that my hypothesis was right saying:  

  • I believe that The Diary Express will have longer sentences than The Sun.
  • I believe also, that The Diary Express will have longer words than the Tabloid; this is because I believe that Broadsheets have a wider vocabulary, than tabloids, which will have shorter words, for younger people.

All my collection data, and graphs have proved my prediction. All of my evidence supports my prediction that the broadsheets would have longer word lengths than the tabloids.

Key Facts:

  • The Daily express had the highest mean word length with 4.98
  • The Sun had the lowest mean with 4.48
  • The Daily express have a higher median, upper and interquartile range for sentence length
  • The Daily express has a longer word length than the sun
  • The Daily express has a longer sentence length than the sun

...read more.

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