• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 2265

Coursework: Investigating research questions in the Sport and Exercise Sciences

Extracts from this document...


Coursework: Investigating research questions in the Sport and Exercise Sciences

(4) Do more men use a leisure centre than women?

A researcher is interested in surveying the proportion of male and female users of a leisure centre. He is able to sample 50 users of the leisure centre and records their gender with a 1 (males) and a 2 (females). He hypothesises that there is a greater proportion of males than females amongst all the users of the leisure centre.


The research question is interested in determining whether there’s a higher proportion of male leisure centre users compared to females, using a sample of 50 individuals. The data collected should provide a reliable insight into gender differences concerning leisure centre usage. Organisations such as Sport England would be interested in the findings, as the data can be used for decision making purposes. For example, if the study finds that female leisure centre usage is lower than males, Sport England can use this information to promote their schemes with women in mind. This could have a direct impact on initiatives such as ‘step into sport,’ which encourages young and older individuals to become more active.

...read more.






Asymp. Sig.


(a)  0 cells (.0%) have expected frequencies less than 5.

The minimum expected cell frequency is 25.0.

A Pie Chart showing the distribution of male

and female leisure centre users



A Bar Chart showing the number of male and female leisure centre users



There is sufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis, and therefore accept the alternative hypothesis; there are a greater proportion of male leisure centre users than females. Using a chi squared test to analyse the data, it is possible to state that the result was statistically significant (p=0.048). The ‘observed frequencies’ differed significantly from the ‘expected frequencies.’ P = 0.048 means there is a 4.8% possibility the results were affected by chance factors. However, a value less than 0.05 is widely accepted to be significant result.

There are several considerable weaknesses in the investigation which should be taken into consideration, for example, the size of the sample. With only fifty people sampled from a single leisure centre, it is questionable whether any generalisations can be made. In addition, the sample is not totally random; therefore it fails to be a truly representative sample of the population. This would have been very difficult to achieve due to the manner in which the investigation was conducted.


...read more.


The high figures for standard deviation from the mean, especially in the international rowers’ sample (32.56 to 2d.p); can be attributed to a number of outliers. The data was very spread, which is shown in Figure 5.


Gratton, C, Jones, I. (2004) Research Methods for Sports Studies, London :Routledge

Mintel, Family Leisure Trends – UK – March 2000, accessed on 8/12/04


Parkin, S.Nowicky, A.V.Rutherford, O.M.McGregor, A.H. (2001) Do oarsmen haveasymmetries in thestrengthof their back andlegmuscles?, Journal of sports sciences (London), Vol. 19 (7). p. 521-526

Russell, A.P (1998), Prediction of elite schoolboy 2000-m rowing ergometer performance from metabolic, anthropometric and strength variables, Journal of sports sciences (London), Vol.16 (8). p. 749-754

Sport England, Driving up participation: The challenge for sport, London: Sport England 2004, accessed on 10/12/04


Sport England, Women’s participation in sport - factsheet, London: Sport England 2002, accessed on 5/12/04


Thomas, J.R. and Nelson, J.K.; (1996); Research Methods in Physical Activity; Champaign: Human Kinetics.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays

  1. mayfield high statistics coursework

    Doens John The News 16 101 10 Ewards Michael Match Of The Day 27 104 11 Flawn Elise Neighbours 10 101 10 Grimshaw Katie Blind Date 17 104 11 Jackson Debi Eastenders 22 90 11 McCreadie Jenny The Simpsons 25 104 10 McDonald Harold The Simpsons 21 100 11 McDonald

  2. Edexcel GCSE Statistics Coursework

    x - 47.9 (x-47)SQD Gender Height (x) x - 1.56 (x-1.56)SQD Female 45 -2.9 8.41 Female 1.03 -0.53 1.0609 Female 51 3.1 9.61 Female 1.35 -0.21 1.8225 Female 30 -17.9 320.41 Female 1.42 -0.14 2.0164 Female 40 -7.9 62.41 Female 1.43 -0.13 2.0449 Female 45 -2.9 8.41 Female 1.43 -0.13 2.0449 Female 45 -2.9 8.41 Female 1.46

  1. The purpose of this research paper is to present our findings on how the ...

    Why should we be bothered when it seems to most observers that boys are the authors of their own misfortune?" (Noble, Brown & Murphy, 2001, p.1). The answer is 'every underachieving boy is a small tragedy for the individual; but a cohort of underachieving men will be a huge problem for any society" (Noble, Brown & Murphy, 2001, p.1).

  2. Maths Statistics Coursework

    0.439588 7 Female 100 4 4 4 0.008139 7 Female 104 4 5 5 0.129997 7 Female 103 5 4 4 0.803463 7 Female 107 4 4 5 0.664222 7 Female 101 5 4 4 0.888406 7 Female 96 3 3 4 0.812972 7 Female 95 4 3 4 0.486851

  1. Is there a difference between male and female conversational styles in today's society?

    yeah J.B: yeah but you can still get your parents blessings in love marriages S.B: not always J.B: but that's if they accept it (.) if they accept it (.) you can get married to them S.M: how do you know that J.B: if they don't accept it then you

  2. Mayfield Coursework

    This is so I can ensure that the data is distributed throughout the whole of the database. There are different types of samples, some of them are: Simple random sample Everyone has an equal chance of being selected. It is when the person randomly chooses a certain amount of people.

  1. mayfeild statistics

    (Start with the smallest and end with the biggest.) The median height for this set of data is 1.675. The median weight for this set of data is 54. Height 1.37 1.51 1.52 1.52 1.52 1.55 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.59 1.60 1.60 1.60 1.61 1.61 1.62 1.62 1.62 1.62 1.62 1.62 1.62 1.63 1.63 1.63 1.63 1.65 1.65 1.65

  2. I have conducted a questionnaire, a primary research method to assist with my critical ...

    76% and 84% of the total respondents have watched the films respectively. Fewest people have watched G.I. Jane which would not prove too useful as it is important to my study as the heroine in this film transformed into a masculine female while Tomb Raider and the Charlies Angels heroines

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work