• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 4200

Data Handling Project

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Timothy Howard – Maths Coursework

Data Handling Project

I have investigated the word length of newspapers, to be able to make a conclusion on the type of reader. My investigation centers around the hypothesis, “More intelligent people read broadsheets.” This statement is stereotypical, however to be able to prove that hypothesis, another hypothesis has to be proven; “Broadsheet newspapers have longer words than Tabloid newspapers.” What I want to find out is the length of words in a Broadsheet newspaper and then the length of words in a Tabloid newspaper. For the hypothesis to be proved or disproved, there requires results and data, which must be collected and presented to show the hypothesis to be correct. I have also used other hypotheses, “Words in the News section of all newspapers, will have longer words than the other sections of that newspaper.” I also will use the statement, “Broadsheets give a higher proportion of the newspaper to news articles, than tabloid newspapers.” These different hypotheses will contribute to the investigation.

Firstly the investigation requires newspapers, as the data is being collected from them. The investigation needs differing newspapers, there is no point in an investigation with two similar tabloid newspapers, as the results that we would expect would be too similar. Therefore I have chosen the newspapers which are different. My broadsheet is “The Herald Tribune”, which is a traditional long established broadsheet newspaper. My Tabloid newspaper is “The Sun” which is very popular and one of the first Tabloid newspapers. I have however decided to include in my investigation another newspaper, as it could act as control between the newspapers; it would make my investigation more balanced and therefore more accurate.

...read more.

Middle

image13.pngimage41.pngimage11.png

The Box & Whisker diagram shows the median, which for the entire of the Herald Tribune is 5, which means that the median length of a word in the Herald Tribune is 5 letters. The maximum length of a word in the Herald Tribune was 13, while the minimum was 2.

I will now show the stem & leaf diagram which I used before:

Stem and Leaf Diagram for Herald Tribune:

1:

2: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

3: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

4: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

6: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

7: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

8: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

9: 0 0

10: 0 0 0 0

11:

12: 0

13: 0

The stem & leaf diagram shows the mode to be 4, as it occurs 20 times, and then 7 as it occurs 19 times. The stem & leaf diagram holds more data in this one, as it covers the entire newspaper of the Herald Tribune.

The Histogram presents the information in a similar way, so I will again show you the results as the Histogram presents them:

image42.png

The histogram again shows the modal values. The x axis shows word length, and the y axis shows the frequency.

All Results:

Herald Tribune:

NEWS:

No.

Tally

Total

1

0

2

2

3

2

4

9

5

5

6

4

7

8

8

7

9

0

10

0

11

0

12

1

13

1

Herald Tribune:

ENTERTAINMENT:

No.

Tally

Total

1

0

2

0

3

0

4

5

5

3

6

2

7

4

8

1

9

0

10

2

11

0

12

0

13

0

...read more.

Conclusion

  • The price of the newspapers is also very different, on a weekday, the Herald Tribune cost 120p, a weekday Daily Mail, costs 40p and a weekday Sun, costs 25p. This may be because the Herald Tribune believes that people will pay more for a quality newspaper, it also may be because they believe that wealthier people read the Herald Tribune, so can afford to pay for it. Another fact to consider is that The Sun and the Daily Mail sell more copies of their newspaper than the Herald Tribune in the United Kingdom so can bring the price down. However the Herald Tribune is one of the worlds’s best selling newspaper.

The project could have been improved if there was a larger sample, as then it would have been more accurate and we could make more definitive points. On the other hand it was a successful project as I was able to compare all the sections, and prove or disprove my hypotheses. If I were to do the project again, I would use more newspapers, such as two tabloids, two quality tabloids and two broadsheets. I would then conduct the sampling over several days’ newspapers (making sure the days are the same) so then I would have a very accurate result. I would also look at other hypotheses, such as paragraph length and complexity of words. One thing I found was that if there was a shorter word in the broadsheet it was usually more complex than the tabloid, for instance the word “old-fashioned” was used in the Sun, while the word “antiquated” was used in the Herald Tribune. The word “antiquated” has 10 letters its meaning is the same as “old-fashioned” however old fashioned has 13 letters. Antiquated is more complex however. So it is unfair to say that a more intelligent reader would read a newspaper with longer words.

GCSE Mathematics  

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Compare a modern romantic comedy with a very old romantic comedy - Compare word ...

    I am now going to calculate 95% and 99% confidence intervals because I can then compare if there is any over lap between the confidence intervals at 90%,95% and 99% 2.03 < ? < 6.03 This tells me that I can be 95% confident that the population mean lies between 2.03 and 6.03.

  2. Comparison between tabloid and broadsheet newspapers.

    in less than the spread in Broadsheet newspapers: tabloid newspapers spread is 1.8 and Broadsheet newspapers spread is 2.8 therefore showing us that broadsheet newspaper has a more advanced

  1. Read All About- Analysis &amp;amp; Data Collection

    This is a good technique to not get biased results however to completely eliminate that possibility I then used systematic sampling. This is a simple and quick method for me to chose which sentences from the article I would sample.

  2. Data Handling

    8.00pm I will not count it at all. * Headlines I will not count. * Sub-headings I will not count. * Acronyms I will not count. Plan: I will collect my data from a broadsheet paper; The Times and from a tabloid paper; The Sun. I am going to select a sample of 200 words and sentences from

  1. Data Handling coursework, newspapers

    Then I will consider all of the conclusions I have formed, hopefully this will then prove my hypothesis. * I have taken articles from The Sun as my tabloid and The times as my Broadsheet as each are well known and popular examples of their respective newspaper styles.

  2. For my Coursework I will use the following newspapers: ...

    I will than draw a Box and Whisker diagram for every graph, to compare my results The sun - word length Median: 3 Lower quartile: 1.9 Upper quartile: 4.8 Inter - quartile range: 2.9 The daily mail - word length Median: 2.7 Lower quartile: 2.1 Upper quartile: 5.2 Inter -

  1. Aim: having been presented with some data, to come up with a hypothesis and ...

    reference numbers 29 and 69, occurring in the length part of the table. Number 29 states that the person thinks the line is of a length of "73.0" and number 69 thinks that the length of the line is "0.7."

  2. Leaves Project

    2001 Width (mm) 2001 Length (mm) 2002 Width (mm) 2002 72 44 45 27 105 56 62 41 61 37 80 47 66 39 82 39 33 11 64 35 62 41 85 40 55 30 76 40 85 47 75 43 74 36 66 32 36 20 64 42 90 55 67 32 13 6

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work