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• Level: GCSE
• Subject: Maths
• Word count: 1004

# Differences between the Sun and the Telegraph.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Teresa Penkert                                                10th December 2003

Differences between the Sun and the Telegraph

How important is this story?

On checking two articles in each newspaper about the same incident, I have compared the difference in detail given. (How many words are used to cover this article?)

“OZZY BUSTS NECK”

Front Page

326 words

“OZZY hurt in quad bike accident”

Page 6

56 words

 THE SUN 326 words to explain story THE TELEGRAPH 56 words to explain story

We gather from the above information that The Sun readers are more likely to be interested in Ozzy Osbourne, as they have made it headline news and used almost 6 times as many words to describe the incident.

Here I aim to establish what percentage of these newspapers are advertisements?

 Newspaper Name Number of pages %age of pages which are advertisements The Sun 36 27% The Telegraph 56 31%

Sun    75 ads ÷36 pages x 100% = 27% of paper is adverts

Telegraph    55 ads ÷ 56 pages x 100= 31% of paper is adverts

From this information shown, the Telegraph has more advertisements in ratio to the Sun

How Many Words in each sentence?

Which of the two newspapers uses longer sentences?  I have used an article from each newspaper and written down how many words in each sentence.  This has been compared over 10 sentences for each newspaper.

 Words in each sentence The Sun (No of words in Sentence) The Telegraph ) No of words in sentence) Sentence 1 29 14 Sentence 2 35 30 Sentence 3 19 25 Sentence 4 22 18 Sentence 5 29 31 Sentence 6 27 33 Sentence 7 39 23 Sentence 8 42 24 Sentence 9 12 20 Sentence 10 30 14 Totals 284 232

Middle

18+31+33+23+24=130/5=26

31+33+23+24+20=131/5=26

33+23+24+20+14=114/5=23

23+24+20+14+14=95/5=19

24+20+14+14+30=102/5=20

20+14+14+30+25=103/5=21

14+14+30+25+18=101/5=20

The result of this comparison shows that on an average basis The Sun uses longer sentences than The Telegraph.

Averages of Word length

For this section I have taken an article from each newspaper and compared over 55 words, which newspaper uses the longer words?

The SunThe Telegraph

Mean= 284÷10=28.4        Mean = 232÷10=23.2

Median  12,19,22,27,29 ,29,30,35,39,42Median 14,14,18,20,23 ,24,25,30,31,33

10+1=11÷2=5.5th item10+1=11÷2=5.5th item

Median is 29Median is 23.5

Mode is 29        Mode is 14

The result of this experiment shows that on average The Sun uses longer words!

Comparison of Word Length over 55 words THE SUN

 Word Length Frequency (f) Mid-point (x) (fx) 1-4 letters 34 2.5 85 5-8 letters 14 6.5 91 9-12 letters 7 10.5 73.5 Total 55 19.5 249.5

Averages of word length

Mean = ∑xf÷∑f                                    Mean = 249.5÷55=4.54

Median = 55+1=56÷2=28th item         Median = group 1-4

Modal Class is 1-4

Comparison of Word Length over 55 words THE TELEGRAPH

 Word Length Frequency (f) Mid-point (x) (fx) 1-4 letters 31 2.5 77.5 5-8 letters 16 6.5 104 9-12 letters 8 10.5 84 Total 55 19.5 265.5

Conclusion

"c19" colspan="1" rowspan="1">

6 letters

1

40

7 letters

3

43

8 letters

5

48

9 letters

2

50

10 letters

1

51

11 letters

2

53

12 letters

2

55

Median =    n =  55 = 27.5th item = 3.4

2       2

Lower Quartile n= 55 = 13.75th item =2.25

4     4

Upper Quartile 3(n) =55  41.25th item =6.5

4       4

Interquartile range is therefore 6.5-3.4=3.1

Averages of Word Length Comparison by Interquartile Range (see attached cumulative frequency curves)

The Telegraph

 Letters in each word Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 letter 4 4 2 letters 8 12 3 letters 13 25 4 letters 6 31 5 letters 6 37 6 letters 3 40 7 letters 4 44 8 letters 3 47 9 letters 2 49 10 letters 1 50 11 letters 3 53 12 letters 2 55

Median =    n =  55 = 27.5th item = 3.6

2       2

Lower Quartile  n = 55 = 13.75th item =2.2

4     4

Upper Quartile 3(n)= 5 = 41.25th item =6.3

4        4

Interquartile range is therefore 6.3-3.6=2.7

Conclusion

By the following experiments I can confirm that The Sun, uses more words in a sentence, uses longer words, describes articles in more detail but does not have as many advertisements as the Telegraph.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

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