• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Different races have different intellects.

Extracts from this document...


Different races have different intellects.

There is a widespread belief amongst that different races have different intellects. Interestingly enough, this belief is not based on sound facts. There are indeed instances where there are differences in IQ levels between different races, but there is nothing to suggest that one race is more intelligent than the other, or one race is superior to the other. IQ levels can change and are based on several factors which will be discussed further.

In general, blacks are found to have lower IQ scores than whites, which can be largely attributed to socio–economic and environmental factors. “Some IQ difference is attributable to environmental differences and some of it is attributable to genetic differences among social classes (Block & Dworkin, 1976, p98). Highly educated and financially prosperous individuals perform better at IQ tests than poor, uneducated and disadvantaged people.

Early experiences and opportunities exert a big influence on intelligence levels. Parents and others can play a big role and influence in helping a child to gain the mental skills associated with high IQ scores. This conclusion can be based on established facts and extensive research with an example being: “Children whose biological parents were white and who were raised by white parents had slightly higher IQ than children with one black and one white biological parent and children with two black biological parents” (Howe, 1997, pg74)

...read more.


“Interestingly enough, several observers have found Japanese and Chinese infants to be less precarious on perpetual motor development tests than Caucasian ones. At higher ages, oriental children do significantly better than white ones on such perceptual motor tests as the ‘figure copying task’; Negro children do worse. This superiority of oriental over white is surprising when it is considered that their social-economic status is well below that of whites; taken together with the superiority of oriental adults on tests of abstract reasoning (in spite of the same inferiority in socio economic status) one might conclude that Orientals may have genetically superior gene-pools for doing IQ tests.” (Eyesenck, 1991, p86)

It is true that any young individuals’ intelligence (IQ) can be changed when circumstances are favourable. Motivational factors can also affect a person’s IQ score and parental expectations can drive a child to strive harder. “In one study, it was found that giving black inner-city children tokens that could be exchanged for toys for each correct test raised average scores by 13 points” (Howe, 1997, p51)

There is also some evidence that proper nourishment of a child can raise a child’s IQ, at highest levels of creative achievement, having an exceptionally high level of IQ makes little or no difference. Other factors, including being strongly committed and highly motivated are much more important.

...read more.


Based on arguments and findings above, one can conclude that while it’s true that there are differences in IQ levels between different races, there is nothing to suggest that one race is more intelligent than the other, or one race is superior than the other. IQ levels vary due to several factors such as socio-economic, environmental, and indirectly genetic influences. Gene pools can vary in different races, but generally people of different races are not genetically different. Higher levels of IQ can be achieved in individuals or groups by providing the right environment for individuals to develop or condition in. Motivation factors and levels of commitment can also have a significant impact of a person’s IQ.  While IQ results may be perceived as a gauge of an individuals’ intelligence, this is certainly not the case. IQ fails to take all aspects of human intelligence into account, and is just one parameter of human intelligence providing only an indication of an individual’s intelligence. People with low IQ can perform some exceptionally complex tasks, which a person of high IQ may be incompetent of. Unlike weight and length, intelligence cannot be measured or quantified. Given these arguments, once can easily conclude that no one race is inherently superior to the other.


Block, N.J and Dworkin, G., eds. (1976), The I.Q. Controversy: Critical Readings, New York: Random House.

Howe, M.J.A (1997), I.Q. In Question: The Truth About Intelligence, London: Sage.

Eysenck, H.J. (1971), Race, Intelligence and Education, London: Temple Smith.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays

  1. Emotional Intelligence

    The identification of key emotional skills that relate to success in the workplace has had a major impact on many smart organizations. He implies that empathy creates cohesive functioning among colleagues and improves teamwork. The need for change-adapt workers demands a workforce that is "flexible, stress tolerant, and that can think independently."

  2. The purpose of this research paper is to present our findings on how the ...

    See Appendices II-VII. Results, Analysis and Findings Motivation is a very important factor in terms of male underachievement in secondary schools but self-esteem also plays its part. Motivation is needed to improve performance so when there is a lack of motivation or anything which can be considered as a drive

  1. There are several different theories about the causality and development of bulimia

    In theory, social attitudes towards beauty and weight loss produce unrealistic body images in people who develop bulimia nervosa. A bulimic's ideal body image makes them believe they are heavier than they actually are. The case study discloses that Carla felt extreme pressure to lose weight from her family, peers and netball team coaches.

  2. Driving Tests

    My frequency polygon also backs this up. Driving Tests Statistical Comparison: Mean: The mean displayed for both genders in the above statistics are very close. But the male mean is still smaller at 13.125 to the females 13.4375. The smaller mean held by the male sample signifies that they as

  1. Is there a link between IQ and Key Stage 2 results?

    I shall then use my random number generator on my calculator. I intend to collect a sample of 30 students as this sample size should allow me to easily handle the data whilst still having a relevant sample size. I intend to put these into several tables; an overall table,

  2. Consider whether it is acceptable or not to continue to study race and intelligence.

    To illustrate, some States have banned I.Q. testing, such as New York, this provides proof that there is some doubt on their validity. In addition, most of his estimates of heritability were based on the work done by the late Sir Cyril Burt on identical twins, reared apart.

  1. Is race and intelligence a justifiable area of research in psychology?

    Investigating race differences in intelligence started in America with individuals who believed those who are the bottom of the social structure are there because of fixed genetic inadequacies (Galton 1884, Goddard, 1912). Jensen (1980) and Hernstein and Murray, (1994) are a few of the modern day supporters of this view.

  2. Seeing if there is links between a child's I.Q and the average KS2 result ...

    109 5 7 Hog Stephen 110 5 7 Chavies Andrew Brown 106 5 7 Shon John 90 3 7 Volly Chris Steven 100 4 7 Shaw Paul 102 4 7 Lodge Aaron John 114 5 7 McMillan William James 98 4 7 Anderson Mark Adam 100 4 7 Hopbik Andrew

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work