• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do people remember more words in the morning or afternoon?

Extracts from this document...


Lorraine Smithpsychology coursework

Do people remember more words in the morning or afternoon?

I am doing my coursework on weather people remember more words in the morning or afternoon. Without memory we would be unable to do the simplest things in life such as getting dressed, speaking and even recognising people who we are close to. I am going to do the experiment on the same group of people the first experiment is going to take place at 9.30 in the morning and the second experiment a week later at 2.30 in the afternoon. This is called a repeated measure. Atkinson & shifrin did a study and found that Memory is thought to consist of 3 separate stores sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Sensory memory only stores information for a few seconds in its original form e.g. speech is stored as sound and visual information is stored as pictures. If it is encoded it is stored into the short term memory but if not the sensory information starts to fade away. Short term memory is information that has been encoded and passes into the short term memory.

...read more.



At 9.30am one at a time 10 boys and 10 girls were called into the classroom and sat at a desk they were then shown the piece of paper that had the 15 words on and was told they had one minute to look over the words and remember as many as they could in that time. When the minute was up the piece of paper was removed and they were told to call out as many words that was on the piece of paper as they could as they did this the experimenter put a tick next to the words that they remembered this was then recorded. This experiment was then repeated but the following week at 2.30pm.i made sure that I used the same classroom for both experiments and used the same materials and trying to keep them all in the same place so the experiment was fair.


The results showed that more people remembered more words in the afternoon than they did in the morning. Almost all of the participants remembered the first 5 words this is because

...read more.



8  words remembered

11 words remembered


10 words remembered

13 words remembered


6  words remembered

9   words remembered


The outcome of my experiment has turned out how I wanted it to because it relates to my hypothesis and my aim. The outcome was that the participants remember more word in the afternoon than they do in the morning this may be because in the morning the participants are not fully awake and alert as they are in the afternoon. In the morning the participants kept saying words that wasn’t on the list and could only remember an average of 6 words but in the afternoon the average of words was increased to 9.


Overall the experiment shows that more participants remember more words in the afternoon than they do in the morning. This is probably to do with the fact that in the morning the participants are not fully awake and tend not to concentrate as much as they do in the afternoon.  This seems to agree with the Yerkes-Dodson law of performance and physiological arousal.  Because in the morning the level of arousal is not quite low therefore this can affect a tasks performance where as in the afternoon the level of arousal is much higher so the participant can concentrate a lot better on the task that they are set to do. image00.png

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Are High Imagery Words Easier To Retrieve From The Short Term Memory Than Abstract ...

    A visual image of abstract or concept words is expected to be more difficult and therefore a lower recall rate is expected. According to Paivio (1969) the most powerful influence on recall of words is how easily they can invoke a mental image.

  2. Maths Coursework

    The range of the paper is 60 which shows that the data is representative of the total amount of sentences in the entire paper. Its skew is very slightly negative but only by a few values. This shows how the data is spread out quite evenly.

  1. An experiment to look at the primacy and recency effect on recalling a word ...

    The design used is an independent groups design, with means that practice and fatigue effects have been removed, practice effects are when a participant will get better at a task with rehearsal, and fatigue effects are when a participant will get tired of doing the same experiment twice, as would be used in the repeated measures design.

  2. To test if preventing the rehearsal loop by an interference task reduces the number ...

    The interference task was to count down in three's from 57 for 40 seconds after the word list was read. The dependant variable in the experiment was the number of words recalled in free recall from the list in 40 seconds.

  1. I am going to carry out an experiment to find out if people can ...

    This enables the experimenter to compare the number of words each group recalls and therefore is able to claim the cause and effect. Aim My aim is to see if the recall of words is better when they are chunked into categories or when the words are recalled from a random list.

  2. Analysis of transcripts of speeches made by Tony Blair and George Bush to the ...

    On the other hand he uses pairings of words when describing the coalition forces or the Iraqi people (in other words the opponents of "Saddam's regime"). He uses pairings of words such as "friends and liberators", "inventive, creative", "peace and security" and "life and future".

  1. The Power of Words: An Inescapable Regime.

    As I sit down to write a dissertation on the life of Jiang Jieshi based on solely Taiwanese sources, my essay would be expected to portray a glorified biography of this Guomingdang party leader as opposed to the case were I to use documents provided mainly by the Chinese government.

  2. Are participants more likely to recall a list of words, when words are accompanied ...

    Each of the extra items put into the short-term memory added a fixed time to the retrieval process (approx. 40 milliseconds). This was not only true of digits but of things such as words, letters, peoples faces etc. The research that Sternberg conducted has led researchers to believe that items

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work