• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Do people remember more words in the morning or afternoon?

Extracts from this document...


Lorraine Smithpsychology coursework

Do people remember more words in the morning or afternoon?

I am doing my coursework on weather people remember more words in the morning or afternoon. Without memory we would be unable to do the simplest things in life such as getting dressed, speaking and even recognising people who we are close to. I am going to do the experiment on the same group of people the first experiment is going to take place at 9.30 in the morning and the second experiment a week later at 2.30 in the afternoon. This is called a repeated measure. Atkinson & shifrin did a study and found that Memory is thought to consist of 3 separate stores sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. Sensory memory only stores information for a few seconds in its original form e.g. speech is stored as sound and visual information is stored as pictures. If it is encoded it is stored into the short term memory but if not the sensory information starts to fade away. Short term memory is information that has been encoded and passes into the short term memory.

...read more.



At 9.30am one at a time 10 boys and 10 girls were called into the classroom and sat at a desk they were then shown the piece of paper that had the 15 words on and was told they had one minute to look over the words and remember as many as they could in that time. When the minute was up the piece of paper was removed and they were told to call out as many words that was on the piece of paper as they could as they did this the experimenter put a tick next to the words that they remembered this was then recorded. This experiment was then repeated but the following week at 2.30pm.i made sure that I used the same classroom for both experiments and used the same materials and trying to keep them all in the same place so the experiment was fair.


The results showed that more people remembered more words in the afternoon than they did in the morning. Almost all of the participants remembered the first 5 words this is because

...read more.



8  words remembered

11 words remembered


10 words remembered

13 words remembered


6  words remembered

9   words remembered


The outcome of my experiment has turned out how I wanted it to because it relates to my hypothesis and my aim. The outcome was that the participants remember more word in the afternoon than they do in the morning this may be because in the morning the participants are not fully awake and alert as they are in the afternoon. In the morning the participants kept saying words that wasn’t on the list and could only remember an average of 6 words but in the afternoon the average of words was increased to 9.


Overall the experiment shows that more participants remember more words in the afternoon than they do in the morning. This is probably to do with the fact that in the morning the participants are not fully awake and tend not to concentrate as much as they do in the afternoon.  This seems to agree with the Yerkes-Dodson law of performance and physiological arousal.  Because in the morning the level of arousal is not quite low therefore this can affect a tasks performance where as in the afternoon the level of arousal is much higher so the participant can concentrate a lot better on the task that they are set to do. image00.png

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Are High Imagery Words Easier To Retrieve From The Short Term Memory Than Abstract ...

    A visual image of abstract or concept words is expected to be more difficult and therefore a lower recall rate is expected. According to Paivio (1969) the most powerful influence on recall of words is how easily they can invoke a mental image.

  2. Are participants more likely to recall a list of words, when words are accompanied ...

    Later, each subject was shown first the first word in each pair and asked to recall the second word. The imagery group recalled 80% of the pairs of words, compared with only 33% recall amongst the control group, showing that forming images aided the learning.

  1. Maths Coursework

    We are aware the median was 4, which proves that half of the words were four letters or less. This can also be observed on the box and whisker plots representing the average distribution of data over the 4 days.

  2. psycology- short term memory

    however as cards are not for a person of my age, their use did not affect me. M is generally a bright boy, he is memorising the Quran, hence he is used to the idea of learning words with no particular difficulty.

  1. Maths Coursework

    | 1 21 | 1 17 | 1 27 | 1 The Times-Sport Sentence Length Tally Frequency 69 | 1 37 || 2 30 | 1 21 | 1 34 | 1 23 ||

  2. An experiment to look at the primacy and recency effect on recalling a word ...

    Rationale I am interested in finding out whether the recency effect is destroyed by an interference task. Glanzer and Cunitz found that that the recency effect could be destroyed if an interference task were to be introduced. I am adapting Glanzer and Cunitz study by using a different interference task;


    However, a much more formal movie, Gladiator, which won the Best Picture award, had much more of the heart-stopping, pulse racing, and edge of your seat flashy images and minute dialogue that captivates an audience.

  2. Experiment Testing Iconic Memory

    Schweikert and Boruff(1986) tested immediate span for a number of different types of stimulus: eg, letters, colours, shapes and nonsense words. They found out that people constantly remembered as many items as they were able to pronounce in approx. 1.5 seconds.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work