• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

English Morphology and Syntax.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BBI 3212        ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY AND SYNTAX

MAY SEMESTER 2003

Assignment:

  1. Breakdown the following words into morphemes and classify each one.
  1. breakdown

-        It consists of two morphemes – break  +  down

-        Break is a verb .

-        Down is an adverb/ preposition / verb/ adjective as well as a noun.

-        Breakdown (of a machine or vehicle) means to stop working because of a fault.

  1. cheese

-        It consists of one morpheme.  The word “cheese” exists as it is.  It is a noun.  

-        It is a type of food made from milk that can be either soft or hard and is usually white or yellow in colour.

  1. unbeknown
  • The word “unbeknown” consists of three morphemes.
  • Un is a prefix meaning not or negative.

-           be is also a prefix.

-        known is a verb.   ‘n’ is a suffix.  When ‘know’ is added with ‘n’,

it  becomes known which is the past pasticiple of the word ‘know’.

  • unbeknown is an adjective (to sb) without the person

mentioned knowing.

  1. fraction

It consists of one morpheme.

It is a noun

...read more.

Middle

2

3     What analysis applies to the word  disappearance,

unfaithfully,flower, footballer and record-player?  Explain your answers in detail.

  1. disappearance

-        ‘appear’ is a verb

-        when appear  is add  in with  the prefix ‘dis’ , it is an -adjective which means no more exist.

-        When it adds in the suffix ‘ance’ , it also becomes an adjective.  It means the looking.

  1. unfaithfully

-        ‘ faithful’ is an adjective.

-        ‘un’ is the prefix.  When it is added to it –unfaithful – it means not faithful.

-        When the suffix ‘ly’ is added to it, - unfaithfully – it becomes an adverb.  It means not faithfull to somebody.

  1. flower

-        The word “flower” exists as it is.

  1. footballer

-        Both ‘foot’ and ‘ball’ are nouns.  When the word “footballer’ is formed, the foot here becomes the adjective form and it tells us what kind of ball it is.

  1. record-player
  • It is a compound word formed from 2 nouns:  ‘record’  +  ‘player’. When record-player is formed, the word record remains a noun.  It has no change in the part of speech.  It is a player that plays the record.  
...read more.

Conclusion

Answers:

(i)        {er}  in the group of words mower, teacher, sailor, farmer, caller, operator,

        is used to form nouns from  verbs

(ii)        {er}  in the group of words  taller,  shorter,  greener, higher, lower, sweeter, smarter,  represent the comparison form of adjective.

  • We may classify them by using table  :-

                    NOUN

                    VERB

                     mower

                    mow

                    teacher

                    teach

                    sailor

                    sail

                    farmer

                    farm

                    caller

                    call

                    operator

                    operate

5

( iii )        {er} , {or}  in never, cover, finger, either, river, candor, other, valor,

        exist as they are.

Therefore, it is obvious that the items spelled  {er}  /  {or}   is  not the same item in all of the words, in all three lists.   Thus,  we cannot generalise  {er} form as the comparative form of adjective  and {or}  is used to form nouns from verbs.

∗∗∗∗∗∗∗∗

REFERENCES

1.        Sharmeen Rafik Khan(2002), Universiti Putra Malaysia Module

English Morphology and Syntax

2.        Noel  Burton – Roberts (1997) 2nd Edition,

Analysing Sentences- An Introduction to English Syntax,

Harlow Addison Wesley – Longman

3.        N. Chandra and Sudha Datta (1997), An approach to Learner’s Grammar,

New Delhi-11002(India) Anmol Publication PVT.LTD.

4.        Victoria Fromkin and Robert Rodman, An introduction to Language,

Harcourt Brace Jovannovich College Publishers.

6

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    to read the sentences which had been extracted from whole paragraphs of text and were presented in the previous section as single words. The sentences were extracted from the text and presented in both trials in size 12 print and Times New Roman font.

  2. Introduction to English language.

    These are known as free morphemes. You will see how very many simple words are free morphemes, but can combine with other morphemes, both free and bound (see below) to form complex words. Where two simple words are joined together to form a new complete word, this is called a compound word.

  1. I have always found it fascinating how the English language is built up and ...

    I am conscious that incorrect spelling will have an effect on the data, joining of words appears to be worryingly consistent in some newspapers. Typos (typing errors) are certainly inevitable and are a familiar part of newspapers, therefore I can consider them as a valid part of the sample.

  2. Psychology of Language - The Nittrouer Study.

    her own, disproving their claim that she misrepresents and idealizes both theories. Also, Aslin et al. show that innate abilities to discriminate should not be held to stringent criteria because some speech contrasts are easier to discriminate due to differences in acoustic salience.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work