• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

English Morphology and Syntax.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

BBI 3212        ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY AND SYNTAX

MAY SEMESTER 2003

Assignment:

  1. Breakdown the following words into morphemes and classify each one.
  1. breakdown

-        It consists of two morphemes – break  +  down

-        Break is a verb .

-        Down is an adverb/ preposition / verb/ adjective as well as a noun.

-        Breakdown (of a machine or vehicle) means to stop working because of a fault.

  1. cheese

-        It consists of one morpheme.  The word “cheese” exists as it is.  It is a noun.  

-        It is a type of food made from milk that can be either soft or hard and is usually white or yellow in colour.

  1. unbeknown
  • The word “unbeknown” consists of three morphemes.
  • Un is a prefix meaning not or negative.

-           be is also a prefix.

-        known is a verb.   ‘n’ is a suffix.  When ‘know’ is added with ‘n’,

it  becomes known which is the past pasticiple of the word ‘know’.

  • unbeknown is an adjective (to sb) without the person

mentioned knowing.

  1. fraction

It consists of one morpheme.

It is a noun

...read more.

Middle

2

3     What analysis applies to the word  disappearance,

unfaithfully,flower, footballer and record-player?  Explain your answers in detail.

  1. disappearance

-        ‘appear’ is a verb

-        when appear  is add  in with  the prefix ‘dis’ , it is an -adjective which means no more exist.

-        When it adds in the suffix ‘ance’ , it also becomes an adjective.  It means the looking.

  1. unfaithfully

-        ‘ faithful’ is an adjective.

-        ‘un’ is the prefix.  When it is added to it –unfaithful – it means not faithful.

-        When the suffix ‘ly’ is added to it, - unfaithfully – it becomes an adverb.  It means not faithfull to somebody.

  1. flower

-        The word “flower” exists as it is.

  1. footballer

-        Both ‘foot’ and ‘ball’ are nouns.  When the word “footballer’ is formed, the foot here becomes the adjective form and it tells us what kind of ball it is.

  1. record-player
  • It is a compound word formed from 2 nouns:  ‘record’  +  ‘player’. When record-player is formed, the word record remains a noun.  It has no change in the part of speech.  It is a player that plays the record.  
...read more.

Conclusion

Answers:

(i)        {er}  in the group of words mower, teacher, sailor, farmer, caller, operator,

        is used to form nouns from  verbs

(ii)        {er}  in the group of words  taller,  shorter,  greener, higher, lower, sweeter, smarter,  represent the comparison form of adjective.

  • We may classify them by using table  :-

                    NOUN

                    VERB

                     mower

                    mow

                    teacher

                    teach

                    sailor

                    sail

                    farmer

                    farm

                    caller

                    call

                    operator

                    operate

5

( iii )        {er} , {or}  in never, cover, finger, either, river, candor, other, valor,

        exist as they are.

Therefore, it is obvious that the items spelled  {er}  /  {or}   is  not the same item in all of the words, in all three lists.   Thus,  we cannot generalise  {er} form as the comparative form of adjective  and {or}  is used to form nouns from verbs.

∗∗∗∗∗∗∗∗

REFERENCES

1.        Sharmeen Rafik Khan(2002), Universiti Putra Malaysia Module

English Morphology and Syntax

2.        Noel  Burton – Roberts (1997) 2nd Edition,

Analysing Sentences- An Introduction to English Syntax,

Harlow Addison Wesley – Longman

3.        N. Chandra and Sudha Datta (1997), An approach to Learner’s Grammar,

New Delhi-11002(India) Anmol Publication PVT.LTD.

4.        Victoria Fromkin and Robert Rodman, An introduction to Language,

Harcourt Brace Jovannovich College Publishers.

6

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

    SET OF EXPERIMENTS 3 On the finding of greater problems reading single words in comparison to letters the reading problems and attentional deficit which was becoming apparent was further investigated looking at sentence reading. METHOD The experiment used in order to look at sentence level reading looked at the ability

  2. Psychology of Language - The Nittrouer Study.

    If the models match, then the signal is recognized; models can still correspond, despite differences in prosodic factors such as stress, intonation, and rate, thus solving the problem of invariance. Also, the direct realist theory of speech perception asserts that articulations are perceived directly and acoustic signals only function as a means of carrying such gestures.

  1. Should hate speech be regulated on college campuses?

    There are situations in which people who are speaking do not mean to be offensive but are trying to extend a compliment or constructive criticism that the listener may take offense to. For example, a basketball player has been practicing their jump shot all week in hopes of impressing the coach.

  2. Introduction to English language.

    The name comes from Greek morphos (=shape or form). The smallest units of meaning may be whole simple words (e.g. man, run, big) or parts of complex words (e.g. un-, -faith- and -ful in unfaithful) which are called morphemes. Some morphemes, such as faith in un-faith-ful or dream in dream-ing can stand alone as words which make sense.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work