• Join over 1.2 million students every month
• Accelerate your learning by 29%
• Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
1. 1
1
2. 2
2
3. 3
3
4. 4
4
5. 5
5
6. 6
6
7. 7
7
8. 8
8
9. 9
9
10. 10
10
11. 11
11
12. 12
12
13. 13
13
14. 14
14
15. 15
15
• Level: GCSE
• Subject: Maths
• Word count: 2178

For the extension task, I will be looking at the word lengths from the same articles as in the main investigation.To begin with I will collect the information from each newspaper, however this time I will not extract 38 sentences but 38 words.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

For the extension task, I will be looking at the word lengths from the same articles as in the main investigation.

To begin with I will collect the information from each newspaper, however this time I will not extract 38 sentences but 38 words.

I cannot construct a Stem and Leaf Diagram due to the data values being so small.

As in the main investigation I will take the sample from the first 38 words.

Tabloid

Raw data:

8, 3, 6, 6, 5, 3, 6, 5, 1, 3, 3, 8, 4, 4, 3, 8, 5, 3, 3, 8, 7, 3, 2, 5, 2, 2, 5, 4, 3, 6, 2, 5, 4, 3, 3, 2, 3, 10.

As all the data is under 15 words, I have decided to draw a Frequency Table in place of the Stem and Leaf Diagram.

Letters in word

Tally

Frequency

1

1

2

5

3

IIIIIIII II

12

4

IIII

4

5

IIII I

6

6

IIII

4

7

I

1

8

IIII

4

9

0

10

I

1

Total of Data: 166 Letters

Mean: 166 / 38 = 4.3 Letters

Median: 4 Letters

Mode: 3 Letters

Range: 10 – 1 = 9

Mini-conclusion

The modal word length is low in relation to the raw data, but it is quite close to the median and mean values. The high range shows that the Tabloid is inconstant.

I will now do the same for the Broadsheet.

Raw data:

9, 4, 10, 4, 7, 5, 4, 10, 7, 9, 3, 1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 10, 5, 10, 9, 7, 8, 6, 5, 7, 4, 8, 7, 6, 5, 5, 3, 7, 5, 9, 11, 6, 3.

Again, I will draw a Frequency Table.

Letters in word

Tally

Frequency

1

I

1

2

0

3

IIII

4

4

IIII

4

5

IIII I

6

6

IIII

4

7

IIII I

6

8

III

3

9

IIII

4

10

IIII

5

11

I

1

Total: 246 Letters

Mean: 246 / 38 = 6.5 Letters

Mode: 5 and 7 Letters

Median: 6 Letters

Range: 11 – 1 = 10 Letters

Mini-conclusion

The modal word length is about right in relation to the Mean and median word lengths.

Middle

1 / 2 = 0.5

Histogram displaying the Letters per Word in the Tabloid Newspaper.

Mini Conclusion.

This clearly shows that the majority of words are between 2 and 6 letters long. The two bar with the highest frequency density is the 2 < l ≤ 4, this shows that the Sun tends to use words that are of small sizes. However, I cannot cerify this as it is only the one article I am investigating.

 Letters Frequency Frequency Density 0 < l ≤ 2 1 1 / 2 = 0.5 2 < l ≤ 4 4 4 / 2 = 2 4 < l ≤ 6 10 10 / 2 = 5 6 < l ≤ 8 10 10 / 2 = 5 8 < l ≤ 10 7 7 / 2 = 3.5 10 < l ≤ 12 6 6 / 2 = 3

Histogram showing the Frequency Density of the Broadsheet’s word lengths.

Mini Conclusion

This clearly shows that the majority of word lengths are between 4 and 8. This is ever so slightly different from the Tabloid. This suggest to me that the Broadsheet uses words that have more letters in them, keeping the theory of broadsheet and Tabloid Papers correct.

I will now construct another Histogram with the two sets of data on as I can see if there is any relation to the word lengths.

Comparative Histogram for Word Lengths.

Pie Charts

I will use the same formula as before to work out the degrees needed. However, I will not group the frequencies together.

360 / 38 = 9.47              1º = 9.47

Tabloid

 Letters Frequency Degrees on Diagram 1 1 1 x 9.47 = 9.47º 2 5 5 x 9.47 = 47.35º 3 12 12 x 9.47 = 113.64º 4 4 4 x 9.47 = 37.88º 5 6 6 x 9.47 = 56.82º 6 4 4 x 9.47 = 37.88º 7 1 1 x 9.47 = 9.47º 8 4 4 x 9.47 = 37.88 9 0

Conclusion

Large

Tabloid

3

1

Tabloid

Quotes

5

8

Bold Print

3 lines

None

Tabloid

Paragraphs

59

26

Tabloid

From the above table, you will notice that the Tabloid is easiest to read. It consists or larger text in comparison to the Broadsheet. The Tabloid also consisted of a Very large photograph, which reduced the text quite dramatically I would imagine, this also made the artile seen small and compact. The headline was considerably large also, compared to the Broadsheet. This would make a person reading the Broadsheet think the article is bigger than it actually is.

Conclusion.

For the extension task, I made numerous hypothesises. I was proved correct in the table above. The Sun was found easier to read on 5/7 accounts, leaving the Guardian with just 2/7 reads. The Guardian was harder to read as I had expected.

The broadsheet had a larger mean and median word length than the Tabloid and was just out on the range and the mode.

This means that all the data was very close compared to the previous investigation. The Broadsheet had longer word lengths but smaller sentence lengths and vice versa.

The Final hypothesis was quite difficult to prove as each newspaper used certain methods that reduced the amount of text, and I cant state which one had used a more effective method, as I have no proof.

Finally, when all the results are compared, you will see that the Tabloid – The sun is easier to read overall.

Daniel Flynn        11’0        Math Coursework

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

• Start learning 29% faster today
• 150,000+ documents available
• Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
• Join over 1.2 million students every month
• Accelerate your learning by 29%
• Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

1. &amp;quot;Broadsheet newspapers have a longer average word length than tabloid newspapers&amp;quot;

of letters in word Frequency Cumulative Frequency 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 5 22 21 13 4 9 8 5 3 4 4 1 1 5 27 48 61 65 74 82 87 90 94 98 99 100 Name of Newspaper The

2. Outline any differences between Tabloid and Broadsheet Newspapers in terms of word length, sentence ...

Once I have obtained all of the data and represented this in a number of ways I can interpret and evaluate the data collected to come up with valid conclusions that may support or contradict my hypothesis. I will then also be able to produce a general conclusion that may link all three hypotheses.

1. Assesment of Reading Difficulties in Patient AM Following the Development of Vascular Dementia.

were presented in the same way as in trial one apart from the difference in the paragraphs being presented before the sentences or words. The time taken for AM as well as 6 age matched controls to read the paragraphs of which there were three in both trails was measured using a stopwatch from start to finish.

2. Maths Statistics Coursework on the Readability of a Tabloid Newspaper Compared to a Broadsheet

read but as we discovered earlier it has longer more complicated words making the language more complex and challenging. I think that the mathematical process that best show the comparison between the two types of newspapers is the mean word length because you can really assess the word length and

1. Statistics - comparing word lengths from broadsheet and tabloid newspapers.

I believe that there will be a noticeable difference in the length of the words in tabloid and broadsheet newspapers meaning that this hypothesis will be dismissed in my prediction. Results These are the papers from which I will be obtaining my results from: ?The Sun (Tabloid)

2. Are High Imagery Words Easier To Retrieve From The Short Term Memory Than Abstract ...

The results showed a significant difference between the amount of concrete and abstract words recalled. This supports Paivio's theory of dual coding, which states that concrete words facilitate learning and therefore recall, as they activate both the verbal and non-verbal codes.

1. Investigation into the effects of levels of processing.

Another study could be carried out to see whether organisation or deeper processing is more essential to the recollection of information, as suggested by Mandler. The findings of the study have some application to everyday life. It can be put into practice when revising for exams - more information will

2. Critically discuss the current role of phonics and whole word teaching methods in the ...

As the whole word methodology bases its belief that children can become literate in much the same way as they learn their first oral language, though of course the processes are not exactly the same. So there does not emphasis to teach children phonics rules if they are given plenty

• Over 160,000 pieces
of student written work
• Annotated by
experienced teachers
• Ideas and feedback to