• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Forgetting in long-term memory - The interference theory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Forgetting in long-term memory. The interference theory Forgetting means when the information that is stored in the brain is no longer there. The two main reasons why people forget is due to interference and trace decay, trace decay is when the participants forget the required information as they have not rehearsed it many time. Interference is when something gets in the ways of there learning for example music, you may listen and work at the same time however a small section in your brain is concentrating on the music which requires more attention and gradually you forget what you were doing or going to do. Psychologists in the 1930s 1940s and 1950s thought that the reason people forgot things was mainly due to the interference. It was suggested that one way of learning gets in the way of another and therefore causes the mind to forget the previous thing. That previous learning then interferes with the present learning, which is known as proactive interference. However when learning disrupts the memory for earlier learning this is known as retroactive learning. ...read more.

Middle

Words Used: image, picture, photograph, landscape, portrait, paints, pencils, colours, black, white, oil, light and camera. Prediction: I predict that the group that had no interference will be able to recall more words than the group who have the interference. Findings: We found that the participants that had not been kept in a scented room recalled more words than the participants that had been kept in a scented room. We also found that the people would put the word smell or fragrance or a word associated with the smell as one of the words from yesterday. TEST 1with all participants TEST2 no smell TEST2 with smell Student Number Number of words recalled Student Number Number of words recalled Student Number Number of words recalled 1 9 1 5 1 3 2 6 2 6 2 3 3 8 3 7 3 4 4 9 4 5 4 2 5 7 5 6 5 3 6 7 6 5 6 5 7 7 7 5 7 3 8 9 8 5 8 4 9 8 9 4 9 5 10 7 10 5 10 3 11 6 12 5 13 10 14 10 ...read more.

Conclusion

The room also had factors that could contribute to the participants including more words on their sheet. Our semantically similar words were all related to the word "picture" in some way, and the room we used had many things that could have reminded the participants of quite a few of them. Also, we performed the experiment on a limited amount of people, and if we done it on more, we would have had a greater and broader view on the results and conclusion. The experiment was only done once and was rushed as the buzzer for our next lesson was taking away our time, and prevented a relaxed and calm environment for our participants to undertake our test. If I were to perform the experiment again I would do it at least three times and work out an average. Also, we only used semantically similar words, which do not require a photographic memory to remember. In other words, they are not too hard to remember. We could have used separate groups and tested them on acoustically similar, semantically similar, acoustically dissimilar and semantically dissimilar words to find a much more accurate conclusion. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers essays

  1. Are participants more likely to recall a list of words, when words are accompanied ...

    The experiment could be repeated with the words being read out instead of being held up on cards. The results could then be compared to those of this experiment to see if this was to affect the results, and if so research into the reasons why.

  2. Are High Imagery Words Easier To Retrieve From The Short Term Memory Than Abstract ...

    The results also show some evidence of what Glanzer and Cunitz called primacy and recency effect. The results show that those items at the beginning and the end of the list were recalled more frequently. Those items in the middle of the list had the poorest recall.

  1. psycology- short term memory

    My findings were correct to those studied by Baddeley, the longer individuals saw the words the more they remembered. Writing the words down after a quick glance was rather difficult, both individuals scored lower marks, in which ten year old M had scored higher.

  2. Investigating the Levels of Processing Theory

    they will have to recall the target words - and to use repeated measures would mean the participants would know by the second condition what is coming, and would therefore make an effort to remember the words (showing demand characteristics).

  1. Analyse how student's marks in a maths test react with or without music being ...

    fx x^F Cum. Freq Mark Freq. fx x^f Cum. Freq 2 3 6 12 6 3 8 24 72 13 3 3 9 27 13 4 5 20 80 23 4 7 28 112 20 5 10 50 250 40 5 7 35 175 28 6 17 102 612 48

  2. Experiment Testing Iconic Memory

    for the participant to recall all of the digits in the corrects order. Most people have a digit span of 7 plus or minus 2 (Miller 1956) More recently researchers have found that pronunciation time maybe an important indicator of STM capacity.

  1. The aim of this experiment is to test the trainer for is suitability for ...

    foot comfortable which is very useful to sports people who do a lot of running, the rubber also keeps the foot to the ground and does not slip because it causes a lot of friction so the trainer will not let the foot slip and cause injuries to the sports person.

  2. I am going to carry out an experiment to find out if people can ...

    So my experiment uses words that are frequently used in everyday language so this can improve the ecological validity. To investigate the effect of organizing a list of categorized words on recall there are two groups. A control group receive a random list of words, and an experimental group who receive a categorized list.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work