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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 1252

Hypothesis - The average word length in Broadsheets will be longer than that in tabloids.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Math's Coursework 'Read all about it' A newspaper is a daily or weekly publication composed of folded sheets containing news advertisements, topical articles, correspondence, etc. There are several different variations of newspaper, examples of these are Tabloid, Local, Broadsheet etc. For my hypothesis', I will be comparing a Broadsheet and a Tabloid newspaper. Examples Broadsheet Tabloid Guardian The Sun The Times The Daily Mirror The Daily Telegraph News of the World Hypothesis' * The average word length in Broadsheets will be longer than that in tabloids. * The higher the average word length, the more words per sentence, therefore the average words per sentence will be higher in Broadsheets. Plan to Collect Information * To make sure that the data collected from newspapers is fair I must buy the newspapers on the same day; this means there will be similar articles for comparison * I will compare similar articles from 2 different newspapers: Broadsheet: The Times and Tabloid: The Daily Mirror. * For the first hypothesis I am going to look at 20 articles, and analyze 100 words, this is a suitable amount and will hopefully give me accurate results. ...read more.

Middle

Frequency Polygon Graph for Tabloid Data This graph clearly shows that words with three letters are the most the popular. The sharp slope at the beginning shows that the majority of words are between 1 - 3 letters long. The less steep slope after the words with three letters suggests that fewer words have over three letters. This is quite close to mean word length. Frequency Polygon Graph for Broadsheet Data This graph clearly shows that words with three letters are the most the popular. The sharp slope at the beginning shows that the majority of words are between 1 - 3 letters long. The less steep slope after the words with three letters suggests that fewer words have over three letters. This is quite close to mean word length. Frequency Polygon Graph for Tabloid and Broadsheet Data Because the line for tabloid is above the line for Broadsheet, it suggests that there are much more words of shorter length in a Tabloid newspaper than a Broadsheet newspaper, and vice versa for the latter parts of the graph. Cumulative Frequency Graph At the moment I do not have sufficient information to plot a cumulative frequency graph, I must first get my grouped data and create a running total. ...read more.

Conclusion

The same features are also shown by the histograms. The box and whisker diagrams show: * The Daily Star has a shorter range of word lengths - perhaps giving a possible reason for why the mean length is lower * The Inter-quartile range of results for the Gardian is greater, - this shows that there is a wide spread of results - accounting for the higher broadsheet word length * The inter-quartile ranges of results for the Daily Mail and the Yorkshire Evening Post are very similar - perhaps accounting for the similarity of the mean lengths (0.18 letters difference) The high number of extreme values in the Daily Star can perhaps be explained by the low mean. Due to the low mean, any values which would be acceptable in the Gardian, when standard deviation is used are unacceptable. The size and nature of the sample data can perhaps explain why there is a large spread of results. A larger sample may have given results closer together or given a wider spread of results, 20 articles is sufficient for a reasonable evaluation but not sufficient enough for a firm conclusion to be founded on. ...read more.

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