• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 1678

In an essay of not more than 1500 words discuss the importance of the restaurant scene in Top Girls.

Extracts from this document...


A210 Approaching Literature

TMA 06

In an essay of not more than 1500 words discuss the importance of the restaurant scene in Top Girls.

The restaurant scene in Top Girls (TG) revolves around Marlene celebrating her promotion at work, it is purely female gendered, having no male actors present throughout the whole play.  The significance of the five guests she has chosen to celebrate with promotes the hard work and sacrifices she has made in order to get where she is. This scene uses women of the past, to highlight struggles of women through the ages, encompassing the theme of women’s experiences and women at work, with motherhood being an important factor for most of them. They have all had to fight one way or another, in order to succeed in their lives. The focus is on Marlene as the central character, not only because she is the hostess and it is essentially her celebration, but because she connects with the other women and encourages them to carry on with their stories.   Although these characters are created by the author, their stories are very real and are used to portray the kind of person Marlene is, in fighting for what she wants in the contemporary male dominated world of business.

...read more.


These life stories introduce a feminist theme, no male being present. This scene sets the theme of the whole play as feminist based, and Marlene progresses through to the following scenes whereas the five characters don’t reappear. Marlene toasts their achievements with ‘We’ve all come a long way. To our courage and the way we changed our lives and our extraordinary achievements’ (p.13 TG). She is obviously including herself in this, as we find out later in the play how she herself sacrificed her child and her family in order to pursue her ambitions. The difference however, between her sacrifices and those of her guests, is that hers were her choice, those of the other women were not their choices. They had to accept what happened to them.

The fact that Marlene is celebrating her promotion with ‘a host of women from myth and history’ (p.235 Literature and Gender L&G), suggests that she has no friends, yet another sacrifice she has had to endure, again of her own choosing.  Her success in business has cost her dearly, suggesting that she is ‘at odds with a world which expects too much of women and offers too little support’ (p. 235 L&G).

...read more.


Words: 1559


GOODMAN, Lizbeth, Ed.  Literature and Gender (London: Routledge in association with The Open University, 1996).

CHURCHILL, Caryl. Top Girls (London: Methuen, 1991).


VC1: A210 Approaching Literature: A Doll’s House.

VC 2: A210 Approaching Literature: Top Girls.

Audio Cassette 4: A Doll’s House AC 2123

Audio Cassette 5: A Doll’s House AC 2124

Kay Martin T8355070

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Height and Weight of Pupils and other Mayfield High School investigations essays

  1. the representation of women in Greek tragedies

    On the contrary, Medea defies the dominant views of femininity, as she becomes a fine illustration of a heroic woman taking control of her unenviable situation with force and determination. At the same time as she is distraught about Jason's rejection, she is still in possession of her wits and refuses be broken.

  2. College Story

    During high school it was a chore to walk outside to the mailbox; besides there was nothing but bills there anyway.

  1. Informal vs. formal speech.

    But the aim of this is to strengthen the bonds between the speech partners - an in-group character is being created. Another point which has to be taken into consideration is the specific gender difference in informal talk. g) Male vs.

  2. Investigation into the shapes of limpets on sheltered and exposed rocky shores.

    be assumed that all limpets measured are of the species Patella vulgata. Another variable that is known to affect limpet size is vertical height along the shore. High-shore limpets grow much larger than low-shore limpets, as the risk of desiccation is greater up the shore.

  1. I believe that women are less threatening and more polite in conversation with members ...

    M continues to encourage the conflict and uses what Tannen describes as a generic term 'man'. "Look at your attitudes man", this phrase is shouted although he is addressing a woman. This is accepted, as 'man' is a lexeme, which describes the whole human race, and is considered slang from the dialectical area of England from which this man came.

  2. the representation of women in the Greek tragedies

    It is this identification of Medea as a suffering and wronged woman that leads the Chorus to sympathise with her as "intensely human" victim of a male dominated society. Whilst Euripides's portrays Medea as vulnerable, he does not typecast her as yet another submissive and dim-witted woman.

  1. Liquid chromatography is a technique used to separate components of a mixture to isolate ...

    The efficiency for 2 and 5 �l injected onto a 5�l loop were lower than the other volumes suggesting perhaps the presence of a dead volume in the loop. This could occur if the ferrel is too short or too long.

  2. Find out whether the 'new man' exists and if the gender roles are equally ...

    In the questionnaire I will include simple questions open and closed. I will use open questions to get a response on a certain issue. I will use closed questions so I can get a better opinion on a certain issue using there own ideas and also I will be able to compare my findings with other responses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work