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In this essay, I will be describing, comparing and explaining the two psychological diseases, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa.

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Introduction

Anorexia/Bulimia

        In this essay, I will be describing, comparing and explaining the two psychological diseases, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Anorexia Nervosa (AN) is defined as a condition characterized by intense fear of gaining weight or becoming obese, as well as a distorted body image. This leads to an excessive weight loss from restricting food intake and by exercising excessively. Bulimia Nervosa on the other hand, is defined as an eating disorder in which constant over-concern with body weight and shape leads to repeated occurrences of binging (consuming large amounts of food in a short time) linked with induced vomiting, use of laxatives, fasting, and/or excessive exercise to control weight.

        There are many ways in which AN and BN differ from each other.

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Middle

        There have been research studies carried out to research the causes of Anorexia Nervosa. One such study is that of Hamilton and Waller(1993). They used the Psychodynamic Model to explain the causes of AN. Hamilton and Waller used two groups of women, one group with Anorexia and the other without. They then showed the women pictures of what is known as the ‘ideal’ female body. They found that the women with eating disorders were more affected by the pictures than those without eating disorders. This showed that there was a difference between how people with eating disorders saw the female form and those which did not have any eating disorder.

        Another research study into the causes of AN was that of Askewolde and Heiberg et al. (1979)

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Conclusion

        In conclusion it seems as though there is building evidence that Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia are usually related to a distorted body image of oneself and social pressures to conform to what is considered the ‘ideal’ body weight. It occurs mostly in women from the age of adolescence to the mid-twenties, probably because they have the most pressure to be ‘beautiful’ and so make themselves ill in desperation to fit in. this behaviour can stem from childhood and may also be genetic. There is no solid proof of the true evidence of the causes of Anorexia and Bulimia.

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