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In this piece of coursework I will compare two newspaper articles to see if the type of newspaper affects the length of words and the length of sentences. To do this I will compare a broadsheet newspaper and a tabloid newspaper.

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Introduction

14-12-2002Ben Johnson 10D

Data Handling Coursework

Introduction

In this piece of coursework I will compare two newspaper articles to see if the type of newspaper affects the length of words and the length of sentences. To do this I will compare a broadsheet newspaper and a tabloid newspaper. The papers I will compare are: The Sunday Telegraph for the broadsheet paper and The News of the World for the tabloid paper.

Hypotheses

  • I believe that broadsheet newspapers are harder to read than tabloid newspapers.
  • I believe that broadsheet newspapers give greater detail of events, using more complicated vocabulary and sentence structure, whereas a tabloid newspaper gives shorter, lighter versions of events using shorter words.

To show this I believe broadsheet papers will have more letters on average per word and greater length sentences

...read more.

Middle

  • From the information I have gathered and to prove my hypotheses I will calculate the Mean, Median, Mode and Range of:

Number of letters per word in both newspaper articles

Number of words per sentence in both newspaper articles.

Also I will plot my results on a Culminate Frequency Curve Graph to show the running total of the data collected and calculate the upper, lower and inter quartile range from this. I will then show these results on Box Plots, as this will be a good way of comparing the data. To use this method for the sentence length my data will be grouped so that it will be easier to use.

  • I will analyse my results and compare them against both newspapers to see if my hypothesis was correct.
  • Finally I will look at ways I could have improved my investigation.

Calculations

To show my results from the Tally Tables I used the following calculations:

  • Mean – total no. of letters/words ÷ total no. of words/sentences
  • Median – the middle number
  • Mode – the most common
  • Range – from the smallest to the largest.

The Sunday Telegraph

Number of letters per word                

  • Mean = 4.75                                                
  • Median = 4
  • Mode = 3
  • Range = 13

Number of words per sentence

  • Mean = 26.25
  • Median = 27
  • Mode = Not Applicable
  • Range = 36
...read more.

Conclusion

>Number of letters per word
  • Mean = 4.09
  • Median = 3
  • Mode = 3
  • Range = 12

Number of words per sentence

  • Mean = 19.5
  • Median = 10  15 group
  • Mode = 10  15 group
  • Range = 25

To show my results from the Cumulative Frequency Polygon Graphs, I used the following calculations:

  • Upper quartile – the top 25% of the total data collected
  • Lower quartile – the lower 25% of the data collected
  • Interquartile range – the difference between the upper and lower quartiles.
  • Median – the middle value of the data collected

The Sunday Telegraph

Letters per word

  • Upper quartile – 6.2
  • Lower quartile – 2.2
  • Interquartile range – 4
  • Median – 3.8

Words per sentence

  • Upper quartile – 35
  • Lower quartile – 15
  • Interquartile range – 20
  • Median – 25

News of the World

Letters per word

  • Upper quartile – 4.1
  • Lower quartile  – 2.2
  • Interquartile range – 1.9
  • Median – 2.9

Words per sentence

  • Upper quartile – 28.8
  • Lower quartile – 12
  • Interquartile range – 16.8
  • Median - 14

...read more.

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