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# In this piece of coursework I will compare two newspaper articles to see if the type of newspaper affects the length of words and the length of sentences. To do this I will compare a broadsheet newspaper and a tabloid newspaper.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

14-12-2002Ben Johnson 10D

## Introduction

In this piece of coursework I will compare two newspaper articles to see if the type of newspaper affects the length of words and the length of sentences. To do this I will compare a broadsheet newspaper and a tabloid newspaper. The papers I will compare are: The Sunday Telegraph for the broadsheet paper and The News of the World for the tabloid paper.

## Hypotheses

• I believe that broadsheet newspapers are harder to read than tabloid newspapers.
• I believe that broadsheet newspapers give greater detail of events, using more complicated vocabulary and sentence structure, whereas a tabloid newspaper gives shorter, lighter versions of events using shorter words.

To show this I believe broadsheet papers will have more letters on average per word and greater length sentences

Middle

• From the information I have gathered and to prove my hypotheses I will calculate the Mean, Median, Mode and Range of:

Number of letters per word in both newspaper articles

Number of words per sentence in both newspaper articles.

Also I will plot my results on a Culminate Frequency Curve Graph to show the running total of the data collected and calculate the upper, lower and inter quartile range from this. I will then show these results on Box Plots, as this will be a good way of comparing the data. To use this method for the sentence length my data will be grouped so that it will be easier to use.

• I will analyse my results and compare them against both newspapers to see if my hypothesis was correct.
• Finally I will look at ways I could have improved my investigation.

Calculations

To show my results from the Tally Tables I used the following calculations:

• Mean – total no. of letters/words ÷ total no. of words/sentences
• Median – the middle number
• Mode – the most common
• Range – from the smallest to the largest.

The Sunday Telegraph

Number of letters per word

• Mean = 4.75
• Median = 4
• Mode = 3
• Range = 13

Number of words per sentence

• Mean = 26.25
• Median = 27
• Mode = Not Applicable
• Range = 36

Conclusion

>Number of letters per word
• Mean = 4.09
• Median = 3
• Mode = 3
• Range = 12

Number of words per sentence

• Mean = 19.5
• Median = 10  15 group
• Mode = 10  15 group
• Range = 25

To show my results from the Cumulative Frequency Polygon Graphs, I used the following calculations:

• Upper quartile – the top 25% of the total data collected
• Lower quartile – the lower 25% of the data collected
• Interquartile range – the difference between the upper and lower quartiles.
• Median – the middle value of the data collected

The Sunday Telegraph

Letters per word

• Upper quartile – 6.2
• Lower quartile – 2.2
• Interquartile range – 4
• Median – 3.8

Words per sentence

• Upper quartile – 35
• Lower quartile – 15
• Interquartile range – 20
• Median – 25

News of the World

Letters per word

• Upper quartile – 4.1
• Lower quartile  – 2.2
• Interquartile range – 1.9
• Median – 2.9

Words per sentence

• Upper quartile – 28.8
• Lower quartile – 12
• Interquartile range – 16.8
• Median - 14

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Comparing length of words in newspapers section.

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